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Title: High-pressure chemistry of hydrocarbons relevant to planetary interiors and inertial confinement fusion

Abstract

Diamond formation in polystyrene (C 8H 8) n, which is laser-compressed and heated to conditions around 150 GPa and 5000 K, has recently been demonstrated in the laboratory. Here, we show an extended analysis and comparison to first-principles simulations of the acquired data and their implications for planetary physics and inertial confinement fusion. Moreover, we discuss the advanced diagnostic capabilities of adding high-quality small angle Furthermore, X-ray scattering and spectrally resolved X-ray scattering to the platform, which shows great prospects of precisely studying the kinetics of chemical reactions in dense plasma environments at pressures exceeding 100 GPa.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [5];  [5];  [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [4];  [6];  [5];  [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [7];  [5] more »; ORCiD logo [8];  [5];  [9];  [10];  [4];  [4];  [11]; ORCiD logo [12]; ORCiD logo [13];  [14];  [15]; ORCiD logo [5];  [13];  [13];  [16]; ORCiD logo [5];  [10];  [4] « less
  1. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Technische Univ. Dresden, Dresden (Germany)
  2. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Osaka Univ., Osaka (Japan)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Technische Univ. Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany)
  4. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany)
  5. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  6. Univ. of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom)
  7. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  8. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); European XFEL GmbH, Schenefeld (Germany)
  9. GSI Helmholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany)
  10. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  11. Univ. Paris VI-Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau Cedex (France)
  12. Univ. Rostock, Rostock (Germany)
  13. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  14. European XFEL GmbH, Schenefeld (Germany)
  15. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. Rostock, Rostock (Germany)
  16. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1458534
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1438512; OSTI ID: 1461991
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; FOR 2440; AC02-05CH11231; AC52-07NA27344; FG52-10NA29649; NA0001859; FWP-100182; SF-00515; 05P15RDFA1; 18-ERD- 033; FA9550-14-1-0323; 16K17846; VH-NG-1141
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Kraus, D., Hartley, N. J., Frydrych, S., Schuster, A. K., Rohatsch, K., Rodel, M., Cowan, T. E., Brown, S., Cunningham, E., van Driel, T., Fletcher, L. B., Galtier, E., Gamboa, E. J., Laso Garcia, A., Gericke, D. O., Granados, E., Heimann, P. A., Lee, H. J., MacDonald, M. J., MacKinnon, A. J., McBride, E. E., Nam, I., Neumayer, P., Pak, A., Pelka, A., Prencipe, I., Ravasio, A., Redmer, R., Saunders, A. M., Scholmerich, M., Schorner, M., Sun, P., Turner, S. J., Zettl, A., Falcone, R. W., Glenzer, S. H., Doppner, T., and Vorberger, J. High-pressure chemistry of hydrocarbons relevant to planetary interiors and inertial confinement fusion. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5017908.
Kraus, D., Hartley, N. J., Frydrych, S., Schuster, A. K., Rohatsch, K., Rodel, M., Cowan, T. E., Brown, S., Cunningham, E., van Driel, T., Fletcher, L. B., Galtier, E., Gamboa, E. J., Laso Garcia, A., Gericke, D. O., Granados, E., Heimann, P. A., Lee, H. J., MacDonald, M. J., MacKinnon, A. J., McBride, E. E., Nam, I., Neumayer, P., Pak, A., Pelka, A., Prencipe, I., Ravasio, A., Redmer, R., Saunders, A. M., Scholmerich, M., Schorner, M., Sun, P., Turner, S. J., Zettl, A., Falcone, R. W., Glenzer, S. H., Doppner, T., & Vorberger, J. High-pressure chemistry of hydrocarbons relevant to planetary interiors and inertial confinement fusion. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5017908.
Kraus, D., Hartley, N. J., Frydrych, S., Schuster, A. K., Rohatsch, K., Rodel, M., Cowan, T. E., Brown, S., Cunningham, E., van Driel, T., Fletcher, L. B., Galtier, E., Gamboa, E. J., Laso Garcia, A., Gericke, D. O., Granados, E., Heimann, P. A., Lee, H. J., MacDonald, M. J., MacKinnon, A. J., McBride, E. E., Nam, I., Neumayer, P., Pak, A., Pelka, A., Prencipe, I., Ravasio, A., Redmer, R., Saunders, A. M., Scholmerich, M., Schorner, M., Sun, P., Turner, S. J., Zettl, A., Falcone, R. W., Glenzer, S. H., Doppner, T., and Vorberger, J. Wed . "High-pressure chemistry of hydrocarbons relevant to planetary interiors and inertial confinement fusion". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5017908. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1458534.
@article{osti_1458534,
title = {High-pressure chemistry of hydrocarbons relevant to planetary interiors and inertial confinement fusion},
author = {Kraus, D. and Hartley, N. J. and Frydrych, S. and Schuster, A. K. and Rohatsch, K. and Rodel, M. and Cowan, T. E. and Brown, S. and Cunningham, E. and van Driel, T. and Fletcher, L. B. and Galtier, E. and Gamboa, E. J. and Laso Garcia, A. and Gericke, D. O. and Granados, E. and Heimann, P. A. and Lee, H. J. and MacDonald, M. J. and MacKinnon, A. J. and McBride, E. E. and Nam, I. and Neumayer, P. and Pak, A. and Pelka, A. and Prencipe, I. and Ravasio, A. and Redmer, R. and Saunders, A. M. and Scholmerich, M. and Schorner, M. and Sun, P. and Turner, S. J. and Zettl, A. and Falcone, R. W. and Glenzer, S. H. and Doppner, T. and Vorberger, J.},
abstractNote = {Diamond formation in polystyrene (C8H8)n, which is laser-compressed and heated to conditions around 150 GPa and 5000 K, has recently been demonstrated in the laboratory. Here, we show an extended analysis and comparison to first-principles simulations of the acquired data and their implications for planetary physics and inertial confinement fusion. Moreover, we discuss the advanced diagnostic capabilities of adding high-quality small angle Furthermore, X-ray scattering and spectrally resolved X-ray scattering to the platform, which shows great prospects of precisely studying the kinetics of chemical reactions in dense plasma environments at pressures exceeding 100 GPa.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5017908},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 5,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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Cited by: 5 works
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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Sketch of an experimental setup combining XRD, XRS, SAXS, and VISAR in one experiment. All diagnostic images shown demonstrate the highquality single-shot data available at the MEC endstation of LCLS.

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      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.