skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Morphology and property investigation of primary particulate matter particles from different sources

Abstract

Particulate matter (PM) pollution has become a major environmental concern in many developing countries. PM pollution control remains a great challenge owing to the complex sources and evolution processes of PM particles. There are two categories of PM, i.e., primary and secondary PM particles, and the primary PM emissions play a key role in the formation of PM pollution. Knowledge of primary PM particle compositions, sources, and evolution processes is of great importance to the effective control of PM pollution. In order to characterize PM particles effectively, their fundamental properties including the morphology, concentration distribution, surface chemistry, and composition must be systematically investigated. In this study, we collected and analyzed six types of PM 10 and PM 2.5 particles from different sources using an in situ sampling approach. The concentration distributions of PM particles were analyzed and comparative analysis of the morphologies, distributions, capture mechanisms, and compositions of PM particles was conducted using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. We found that there were significant differences in the structures, morphologies, and capture mechanisms of PM 2.5 and PM 10 particles. As a result, the systematic comparative investigation in this work will benefit themore » study of evolution processes and the effective control of PM pollution in the future.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1458416
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1998-0124
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5); source analysis; nanofiber; filtration; property; distribution; characterization

Citation Formats

Zhang, Rufan, Liu, Chong, Zhou, Guangmin, Sun, Jie, Liu, Nian, Hsu, Po -Chun, Wang, Haotian, Qiu, Yongcai, Zhao, Jie, Wu, Tong, Zhao, Wenting, and Cui, Yi. Morphology and property investigation of primary particulate matter particles from different sources. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s12274-017-1724-y.
Zhang, Rufan, Liu, Chong, Zhou, Guangmin, Sun, Jie, Liu, Nian, Hsu, Po -Chun, Wang, Haotian, Qiu, Yongcai, Zhao, Jie, Wu, Tong, Zhao, Wenting, & Cui, Yi. Morphology and property investigation of primary particulate matter particles from different sources. United States. doi:10.1007/s12274-017-1724-y.
Zhang, Rufan, Liu, Chong, Zhou, Guangmin, Sun, Jie, Liu, Nian, Hsu, Po -Chun, Wang, Haotian, Qiu, Yongcai, Zhao, Jie, Wu, Tong, Zhao, Wenting, and Cui, Yi. Tue . "Morphology and property investigation of primary particulate matter particles from different sources". United States. doi:10.1007/s12274-017-1724-y. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1458416.
@article{osti_1458416,
title = {Morphology and property investigation of primary particulate matter particles from different sources},
author = {Zhang, Rufan and Liu, Chong and Zhou, Guangmin and Sun, Jie and Liu, Nian and Hsu, Po -Chun and Wang, Haotian and Qiu, Yongcai and Zhao, Jie and Wu, Tong and Zhao, Wenting and Cui, Yi},
abstractNote = {Particulate matter (PM) pollution has become a major environmental concern in many developing countries. PM pollution control remains a great challenge owing to the complex sources and evolution processes of PM particles. There are two categories of PM, i.e., primary and secondary PM particles, and the primary PM emissions play a key role in the formation of PM pollution. Knowledge of primary PM particle compositions, sources, and evolution processes is of great importance to the effective control of PM pollution. In order to characterize PM particles effectively, their fundamental properties including the morphology, concentration distribution, surface chemistry, and composition must be systematically investigated. In this study, we collected and analyzed six types of PM10 and PM2.5 particles from different sources using an in situ sampling approach. The concentration distributions of PM particles were analyzed and comparative analysis of the morphologies, distributions, capture mechanisms, and compositions of PM particles was conducted using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. We found that there were significant differences in the structures, morphologies, and capture mechanisms of PM2.5 and PM10 particles. As a result, the systematic comparative investigation in this work will benefit the study of evolution processes and the effective control of PM pollution in the future.},
doi = {10.1007/s12274-017-1724-y},
journal = {Nano Research},
number = 6,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Overview of the PM particles from (a) barbecue smoke, (b) cigarette smoke, (c) incense smoke, (d) wood smoke, (e) car exhaust, and (f) soil dust captured on PI nanofibers.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Size distribution and chemical composition of airborne particles in south-eastern Finland during different seasons and wildfire episodes in 2006
journal, January 2010


Air Pollution and Daily Mortality in the Coachella Valley, California: A Study of PM10 Dominated by Coarse Particles
journal, October 1999

  • Ostro, Bart D.; Hurley, Susan; Lipsett, Michael J.
  • Environmental Research, Vol. 81, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1006/enrs.1999.3978

PM2.5-induced oxidative stress triggers autophagy in human lung epithelial A549 cells
journal, September 2013


Silk nanofibers as high efficient and lightweight air filter
journal, June 2016


Historical gaseous and primary aerosol emissions in the United States from 1990 to 2010
journal, January 2013


XPS Analysis of Combustion Aerosols for Chemical Composition, Surface Chemistry, and Carbon Chemical State
journal, March 2011

  • Vander Wal, Randy L.; Bryg, Vicky M.; Hays, Michael D.
  • Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 83, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/ac102365s

Daily Mortality and PM 10 Pollution in Utah Valley
journal, June 1992

  • Pope, C. Arden; Schwartz, Joel; Ransom, Michael R.
  • Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, Vol. 47, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1080/00039896.1992.9938351

Removal of Particulate Matter Emissions from a Vehicle Using a Self-Powered Triboelectric Filter
journal, October 2015


Chemical characterization of particulate emissions from diesel engines: A review
journal, November 2007


Nanofiber Air Filters with High-Temperature Stability for Efficient PM 2.5 Removal from the Pollution Sources
journal, May 2016


Preparation of Nanofibrous Metal–Organic Framework Filters for Efficient Air Pollution Control
journal, April 2016

  • Zhang, Yuanyuan; Yuan, Shuai; Feng, Xiao
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b02553

Contribution of primary aerosol emissions from vegetation-derived sources to fine particle concentrations in Los Angeles
journal, August 1996

  • Hildemann, Lynn M.; Rogge, Wolfgang F.; Cass, Glen R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 101, Issue D14
  • DOI: 10.1029/95JD02136

Contamination characteristics and possible sources of PM10 and PM2.5 in different functional areas of Shanghai, China
journal, April 2013


Microscopic morphology and size distribution of particles in PM2.5 of Guangzhou City
journal, September 2009


Cell cycle alterations induced by urban PM2.5 in bronchial epithelial cells: characterization of the process and possible mechanisms involved
journal, January 2013

  • Longhin, Eleonora; Holme, Jørn A.; Gutzkow, Kristine B.
  • Particle and Fibre Toxicology, Vol. 10, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/1743-8977-10-63

Nanofibrous Adhesion: The Twin of Gecko Adhesion
journal, February 2015

  • Gong, Guangming; Zhou, Chen; Wu, Juntao
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 9, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn5063112

Characterization of PM2.5 in the ambient air of Shanghai city by analyzing individual particles
journal, September 2006


Long-term air pollution exposure and cardio- respiratory mortality: a review
journal, May 2013

  • Hoek, Gerard; Krishnan, Ranjini M.; Beelen, Rob
  • Environmental Health, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/1476-069X-12-43

An Estimate of the Global Burden of Anthropogenic Ozone and Fine Particulate Matter on Premature Human Mortality Using Atmospheric Modeling
journal, September 2010

  • Anenberg, Susan C.; Horowitz, Larry W.; Tong, Daniel Q.
  • Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 118, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1289/ehp.0901220

Molecular composition of secondary aerosol and its possible origin
journal, September 1975

  • Schuetzle, Dennis; Cronn, Dagmar; Crittenden, Alden L.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 9, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/es60107a007

High secondary aerosol contribution to particulate pollution during haze events in China
journal, September 2014

  • Huang, Ru-Jin; Zhang, Yanlin; Bozzetti, Carlo
  • Nature, Vol. 514, Issue 7521
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13774

Managing air quality in a rapidly developing nation: China
journal, January 2009


Respiratory Health and PM 10 Pollution: A Daily Time Series Analysis
journal, September 1991

  • Pope, C. Arden; Dockery, Douglas W.; Spengler, John D.
  • American Review of Respiratory Disease, Vol. 144, Issue 3_pt_1
  • DOI: 10.1164/ajrccm/144.3_Pt_1.668

Urban Air Pollution: State of the Science
journal, February 1989


Acute Health Effects of PM 10 Pollution on Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Children
journal, May 1992

  • Pope, C. Arden; Dockery, Douglas W.
  • American Review of Respiratory Disease, Vol. 145, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1164/ajrccm/145.5.1123

Chemical and morphological characterization of PM2.5 collected during MILAGRO campaign using scanning electron microscopy
journal, July 2012

  • Labrada-Delgado, Gladis; Aragon-Pina, Antonio; Campos-Ramos, Arturo
  • Atmospheric Pollution Research, Vol. 3, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5094/APR.2012.032

2013 Southeast Asian Smoke Haze: Fractionation of Particulate-Bound Elements and Associated Health Risk
journal, March 2014

  • Betha, Raghu; Behera, Sailesh N.; Balasubramanian, Rajasekhar
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 48, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/es405533d

Roll-to-Roll Transfer of Electrospun Nanofiber Film for High-Efficiency Transparent Air Filter
journal, January 2016


A review of single aerosol particle studies in the atmosphere of East Asia: morphology, mixing state, source, and heterogeneous reactions
journal, January 2016


Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: An Update to the Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association
journal, June 2010


Transparent air filter for high-efficiency PM2.5 capture
journal, February 2015

  • Liu, Chong; Hsu, Po-Chun; Lee, Hyun-Wook
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7205

Effects of ultrafine and fine particulate and gaseous air pollution on cardiac autonomic control in subjects with coronary artery disease: The ULTRA study
journal, October 2005

  • Timonen, Kirsi L.; Vanninen, Esko; de Hartog, Jeroen
  • Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology, Vol. 16, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/sj.jea.7500460

Chemical characterization and source apportionment of PM 2.5 in Beijing: seasonal perspective
journal, January 2013


Chemical characterisation of PM2.5, PM10 and coarse particles at urban, near-city and rural sites in Switzerland
journal, February 2005


Incense smoke: clinical, structural and molecular effects on airway disease
journal, April 2008

  • Lin, Ta-Chang; Krishnaswamy, Guha; Chi, David S.
  • Clinical and Molecular Allergy, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/1476-7961-6-3

Electret Polyvinylidene Fluoride Nanofibers Hybridized by Polytetrafluoroethylene Nanoparticles for High-Efficiency Air Filtration
journal, August 2016

  • Wang, Shan; Zhao, Xinglei; Yin, Xia
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b08262

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.