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This content will become publicly available on October 14, 2018

Title: Quantum chemistry benchmarking of binding and selectivity for lanthanide extractants

Computer-aided screening methods facilitate the discovery of new extractants for heavy and rare-earth metal separations. In this work, we have benchmarked the accuracy of different quantum chemistry methods for calculating extractant binding energies and selectivities. Specifically, we compare calculated data from different exchange correlation functionals (B3LYP-D3, ωB97X-D3, and M06-L) and different basis sets (including large-core effective core potentials and all-electron basis sets). We report aqueous-phase binding energy and selectivity trends for 1:1 and 3:1 extractant/lanthanide models for the complexes. We find that binding selectivities are not particularly sensitive to model chemistry, but binding energies are sensitive. Furthermore, calculated trends in selectivity using 3:1 extractant/lanthanide models are in better agreement with available experimental trends than trends using 1:1 extractant/lanthanide models. Lastly, we find that the B3LYP-D3/6-31 + G* model chemistry with the Stuttgart large-core relativistic effective core potentials on the lanthanide sufficiently reproduces results from larger basis set calculations and is confirmed as suitable for relatively fast and efficient screening of lanthanide binding energies and selectivities.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Dept. of Chemical & Petroleum Engineering
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-7608
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; binding energies; chelants; extractants; lanthanides; selectivities
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1399596