DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: An advanced Na-NiCl2 battery using bi-layer (dense/micro-porous) β"-alumina solid-state electrolytes

Abstract

Sodium metal halide (Na-MH) batteries present tremendous opportunities for grid scale energy storage applications. In this paper, we describe an advanced Na-MH battery operating at 190 °C using a bi-layer (thin dense/thick porous layers) β"-alumina solid-state electrolyte (BASE). The novel design of the bi-layer BASE promotes high Na-ion transportation by reducing the Na+ ion path length. The excellent battery performances are achieved with a stable capacity retention of 350 W h/kg up to >350 cycles (~6 months). Moreover, owing to the thin dense layer of BASE, the round trip energy efficiency (or discharging energy density) of the tested battery shows an ~8% increase compared to that of state of the art Na-MH battery reported in the literature. Finally, results from this work clearly demonstrate that advanced Na-MH batteries using bi-layer BASEs can have significant impacts on improving battery performances at lower operating temperatures, and further stretch its feasibility in stationary energy storage applications.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Research Institute of Industrial Science & Technology, Pohang (South Korea). Materials Research Division
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Electrochemical Materials & Systems Group, Energy Processes & Materials Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Electricity (OE)
OSTI Identifier:
1457753
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1544912
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-132030
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753; PII: S0378775318306359
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; 70247; 20158510050010
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 396; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Stationary energy storage; Na battery; Solid-state electrolyte; Na-metal halide battery; Bi-layer composite

Citation Formats

Jung, Keeyoung, Chang, Hee-Jung, Bonnett, Jeffery F., Canfield, Nathan L., Sprenkle, Vincent L., and Li, Guosheng. An advanced Na-NiCl2 battery using bi-layer (dense/micro-porous) β"-alumina solid-state electrolytes. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2018.06.039.
Jung, Keeyoung, Chang, Hee-Jung, Bonnett, Jeffery F., Canfield, Nathan L., Sprenkle, Vincent L., & Li, Guosheng. An advanced Na-NiCl2 battery using bi-layer (dense/micro-porous) β"-alumina solid-state electrolytes. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2018.06.039
Jung, Keeyoung, Chang, Hee-Jung, Bonnett, Jeffery F., Canfield, Nathan L., Sprenkle, Vincent L., and Li, Guosheng. Thu . "An advanced Na-NiCl2 battery using bi-layer (dense/micro-porous) β"-alumina solid-state electrolytes". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2018.06.039. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1457753.
@article{osti_1457753,
title = {An advanced Na-NiCl2 battery using bi-layer (dense/micro-porous) β"-alumina solid-state electrolytes},
author = {Jung, Keeyoung and Chang, Hee-Jung and Bonnett, Jeffery F. and Canfield, Nathan L. and Sprenkle, Vincent L. and Li, Guosheng},
abstractNote = {Sodium metal halide (Na-MH) batteries present tremendous opportunities for grid scale energy storage applications. In this paper, we describe an advanced Na-MH battery operating at 190 °C using a bi-layer (thin dense/thick porous layers) β"-alumina solid-state electrolyte (BASE). The novel design of the bi-layer BASE promotes high Na-ion transportation by reducing the Na+ ion path length. The excellent battery performances are achieved with a stable capacity retention of 350 W h/kg up to >350 cycles (~6 months). Moreover, owing to the thin dense layer of BASE, the round trip energy efficiency (or discharging energy density) of the tested battery shows an ~8% increase compared to that of state of the art Na-MH battery reported in the literature. Finally, results from this work clearly demonstrate that advanced Na-MH batteries using bi-layer BASEs can have significant impacts on improving battery performances at lower operating temperatures, and further stretch its feasibility in stationary energy storage applications.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2018.06.039},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 396,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: A schematic view of the Na-NiCl2 battery with bi-layer BASE. Bi-layer BASE consists of dense and porous layers. Majority of Na+ ion transportation happens through the dense layer with a short path length (path #1) instead of path #2 with a longer path length.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Electrochemical Energy Storage for Green Grid
journal, May 2011

  • Yang, Zhenguo; Zhang, Jianlu; Kintner-Meyer, Michael C. W.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 111, Issue 5, p. 3577-3613
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr100290v

Electrical Energy Storage for the Grid: A Battery of Choices
journal, November 2011


Promise and reality of post-lithium-ion batteries with high energy densities
journal, March 2016


Electrical energy storage for transportation—approaching the limits of, and going beyond, lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2012

  • Thackeray, Michael M.; Wolverton, Christopher; Isaacs, Eric D.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 5, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2ee21892e

A review and probabilistic model of lifecycle costs of stationary batteries in multiple applications
journal, September 2013

  • Battke, Benedikt; Schmidt, Tobias S.; Grosspietsch, David
  • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 25
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.04.023

Sodium-beta alumina batteries: Status and challenges
journal, September 2010


High temperature sodium batteries: status, challenges and future trends
journal, January 2013

  • Hueso, Karina B.; Armand, Michel; Rojo, Teófilo
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ee24086j

Sodium-Metal Halide and Sodium-Air Batteries
journal, June 2014


Sodium and sodium-ion energy storage batteries
journal, August 2012

  • Ellis, Brian L.; Nazar, Linda F.
  • Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, Vol. 16, Issue 4, p. 168-177
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cossms.2012.04.002

A novel low-cost sodium–zinc chloride battery
journal, January 2013

  • Lu, Xiaochuan; Li, Guosheng; Kim, Jin Y.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 6, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ee24244g

Experimental evaluation of the performance of the sodium metal chloride battery below usual operating temperatures
journal, April 2014


An Advanced Na-FeCl 2 ZEBRA Battery for Stationary Energy Storage Application
journal, April 2015

  • Li, Guosheng; Lu, Xiaochuan; Kim, Jin Y.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201500357

Enhanced cycle performance of a Na/NiCl 2 battery based on Ni particles encapsulated with Ni 3 S 2 layer
journal, February 2017


The effects of temperature on the electrochemical performance of sodium–nickel chloride batteries
journal, October 2012


Cell degradation of a Na–NiCl2 (ZEBRA) battery
journal, January 2013

  • Li, Guosheng; Lu, Xiaochuan; Kim, Jin Y.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 1, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ta13644b

Main Challenges for High Performance NAS Battery: Materials and Interfaces
journal, May 2012

  • Wen, Zhaoyin; Hu, Yingying; Wu, Xiangwei
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201200473

Advanced intermediate temperature sodium–nickel chloride batteries with ultra-high energy density
journal, February 2016

  • Li, Guosheng; Lu, Xiaochuan; Kim, Jin Y.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10683

Development of intermediate temperature sodium nickel chloride rechargeable batteries using conventional polymer sealing technologies
journal, April 2017


Enhanced sintering of β″-Al2O3/YSZ with the sintering aids of TiO2 and MnO2
journal, November 2015


A duplex β″-Al2O3 solid electrolyte consisting of a thin dense layer and a porous substrate
journal, October 2015


Ceramic Fuel Cells
journal, March 1993


Properties of Ni/YSZ porous cermets for SOFC anode substrates prepared by tape casting and coat-mix® process
journal, August 1999


Sodium-ion transfer at the interface between ceramic and organic electrolytes
journal, November 2010


Interfacial Na+ Transport in the Beta Alumina/Propylene Carbonate System
journal, May 1976

  • Farrington, Gregory C.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 123, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2132891

Ionic conductivity in Na+, K+, and Ag+ β″-alumina
journal, July 1980


Advanced Na-NiCl 2 Battery Using Nickel-Coated Graphite with Core–Shell Microarchitecture
journal, March 2017

  • Chang, Hee-Jung; Canfield, Nathan L.; Jung, Keeyoung
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 9, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b00271

Works referencing / citing this record:

A Low‐Cost Durable Na‐FeCl 2 Battery with Ultrahigh Rate Capability
journal, March 2020

  • Zhan, Xiaowen; Bowden, Mark E.; Lu, Xiaochuan
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201903472

Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.