skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Nanoscale imaging of charge carrier transport in water splitting photoanodes

; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Scuba Probe Technologies LLC, Alameda, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division; USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Org.:
Scuba Probe Technologies LLC, Alameda, CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1460612; OSTI ID: 1465473
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; SC0013212; IIP-141659; SC 0013212
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature Communications Journal Volume: 9 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom

Citation Formats

Eichhorn, Johanna, Kastl, Christoph, Cooper, Jason K., Ziegler, Dominik, Schwartzberg, Adam M., Sharp, Ian D., and Toma, Francesca M. Nanoscale imaging of charge carrier transport in water splitting photoanodes. United Kingdom: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04856-8.
Eichhorn, Johanna, Kastl, Christoph, Cooper, Jason K., Ziegler, Dominik, Schwartzberg, Adam M., Sharp, Ian D., & Toma, Francesca M. Nanoscale imaging of charge carrier transport in water splitting photoanodes. United Kingdom. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04856-8.
Eichhorn, Johanna, Kastl, Christoph, Cooper, Jason K., Ziegler, Dominik, Schwartzberg, Adam M., Sharp, Ian D., and Toma, Francesca M. Mon . "Nanoscale imaging of charge carrier transport in water splitting photoanodes". United Kingdom. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04856-8.
title = {Nanoscale imaging of charge carrier transport in water splitting photoanodes},
author = {Eichhorn, Johanna and Kastl, Christoph and Cooper, Jason K. and Ziegler, Dominik and Schwartzberg, Adam M. and Sharp, Ian D. and Toma, Francesca M.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-04856-8},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2018},
month = {7}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04856-8

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 19 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Unravelling Small-Polaron Transport in Metal Oxide Photoelectrodes
journal, January 2016

  • Rettie, Alexander J. E.; Chemelewski, William D.; Emin, David
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 7, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b02143

Improved hole mobility and suppressed trap density in polymer-polymer dual donor based highly efficient organic solar cells
journal, February 2016

  • Bharti, Vishal; Sharma, Abhishek; Gupta, Vinay
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 108, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4942394

Space-charge-limited current in nanowires depleted by oxygen adsorption
journal, October 2006

  • Gu, Y.; Lauhon, L. J.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2358316

Electrical characteristics of micro mechanical contacts
journal, November 1996

Powering the planet: Chemical challenges in solar energy utilization
journal, October 2006

  • Lewis, N. S.; Nocera, D. G.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 103, Issue 43, p. 15729-15735
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0603395103

Disentangling interfacial energetics
journal, December 2017

Life-cycle net energy assessment of large-scale hydrogen production via photoelectrochemical water splitting
journal, January 2014

  • Sathre, Roger; Scown, Corinne D.; Morrow, William R.
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE01019A

The Origin of Slow Carrier Transport in BiVO 4 Thin Film Photoanodes: A Time-Resolved Microwave Conductivity Study
journal, July 2013

  • Abdi, Fatwa F.; Savenije, Tom J.; May, Matthias M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 4, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz4013257

Thermodynamic Oxidation and Reduction Potentials of Photocatalytic Semiconductors in Aqueous Solution
journal, September 2012

  • Chen, Shiyou; Wang, Lin-Wang
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm302533s

Crystal-Face-Dependent Charge Dynamics on a BiVO 4 Photocatalyst Revealed by Single-Particle Spectroelectrochemistry
journal, March 2016

Direct Time-Resolved Observation of Carrier Trapping and Polaron Conductivity in BiVO 4
journal, October 2016

Semiconducting materials for photoelectrochemical energy conversion
journal, January 2016

Bismuth Vanadate as a Platform for Accelerating Discovery and Development of Complex Transition-Metal Oxide Photoanodes
journal, December 2016

Vertical Charge Transport via Small Polaron Hopping within TIPS-Pentacene Lamellar Single Crystal
journal, May 2017

Anomalous Conductivity Tailored by Domain-Boundary Transport in Crystalline Bismuth Vanadate Photoanodes
journal, February 2018

Dye-sensitized TiO2 thin-film solar cell research at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
journal, June 2005

Theoretical and experimental investigations of nano-Schottky contacts
journal, July 2016

  • Rezeq, Moh'd; Eledlebi, Khouloud; Ismail, Mohammed
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4959090

Space‐Charge‐Limited Currents in Organic Crystals
journal, January 1962

  • Mark, Peter; Helfrich, Wolfgang
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 33, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1728487

Conducting atomic force microscopy study of silicon dioxide breakdown
journal, September 1995

  • O’Shea, S. J.
  • Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures, Vol. 13, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1116/1.588113

Metal oxide photoelectrodes for hydrogen generation using solar radiation-driven water splitting
journal, May 2005

Nanoporous BiVO4 Photoanodes with Dual-Layer Oxygen Evolution Catalysts for Solar Water Splitting
journal, February 2014

Identifying champion nanostructures for solar water-splitting
journal, July 2013

  • Warren, Scott C.; Voïtchovsky, Kislon; Dotan, Hen
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3684

Facet-dependent photovoltaic efficiency variations in single grains of hybrid halide perovskite
journal, July 2016

Defect states and disorder in charge transport in semiconductor nanowires
journal, July 2013

  • Ko, Dongkyun; Zhao, X. W.; Reddy, Kongara M.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 114, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4813494

Doping properties of monoclinic BiVO 4 studied by first-principles density-functional theory
journal, April 2011

Space charge limited conduction with exponential trap distribution in reduced graphene oxide sheets
journal, August 2010

  • Joung, Daeha; Chunder, A.; Zhai, Lei
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 97, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3484956

Investigation of contact-force dependent effects in conductive atomic force microscopy on Si and GaAs
journal, August 2008

  • Brezna, W.; Smoliner, J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 104, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2964107

Trap density in conducting organic semiconductors determined from temperature dependence of J−V characteristics
journal, July 2003

  • Kumar, Vikram; Jain, S. C.; Kapoor, A. K.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 94, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1582552

Evaluating the Optoelectronic Quality of Hybrid Perovskites by Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy with Noise Spectroscopy
journal, November 2016

  • Lee, Byungho; Lee, Sangheon; Cho, Duckhyung
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b11011

Visible-Light Driven Nanoscale Photoconductivity of Grain Boundaries in Self-Supported ZnO Nano- and Microstructured Platelets
journal, July 2016

  • Faraji, Nastaran; Ulrich, Clemens; Wolff, Niklas
  • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201600138

Solar Water Splitting Cells
journal, November 2010

  • Walter, Michael G.; Warren, Emily L.; McKone, James R.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 110, Issue 11, p. 6446-6473
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr1002326

Charge transport and trap characterization in individual GaSb nanowires
journal, May 2012

  • Xu, Wei; Chin, Alan; Ye, Laura
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4720080

Charge transport in CdTe solar cells revealed by conductive tomographic atomic force microscopy
journal, September 2016

Electronic Structure of Monoclinic BiVO 4
journal, September 2014

  • Cooper, Jason K.; Gul, Sheraz; Toma, Francesca M.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm5025074

Visible Light Induced Photoelectrochemical Properties of n-BiVO 4 and n-BiVO 4 /p-Co 3 O 4
journal, January 2008

  • Long, ; Kisch, Horst
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp075605x

Observation of trap-assisted space charge limited conductivity in short channel MoS 2 transistor
journal, September 2013

  • Ghatak, Subhamoy; Ghosh, Arindam
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 103, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4821185

Combined Charge Carrier Transport and Photoelectrochemical Characterization of BiVO 4 Single Crystals: Intrinsic Behavior of a Complex Metal Oxide
journal, July 2013

  • Rettie, Alexander J. E.; Lee, Heung Chan; Marshall, Luke G.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja405550k

Generalized Adiabatic Polaron Hopping: Meyer-Neldel Compensation and Poole-Frenkel Behavior
journal, April 2008

Role of Hydrogen in Defining the n-Type Character of BiVO 4 Photoanodes
journal, August 2016

Microscopic Investigation of Grain Boundaries in Organolead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells
journal, December 2015

  • Li, Jiang-Jun; Ma, Jing-Yuan; Ge, Qian-Qing
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 51
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b09801

A General Equation for Fitting Contact Area and Friction vs Load Measurements
journal, March 1999

  • Carpick, Robert W.; Ogletree, D. Frank; Salmeron, Miquel
  • Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 211, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1006/jcis.1998.6027

Potential-sensing electrochemical atomic force microscopy for in operando analysis of water-splitting catalysts and interfaces
journal, December 2017

Recent developments in complex metal oxide photoelectrodes
journal, April 2017

  • Abdi, Fatwa F.; Berglund, Sean P.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aa6738

Indirect Bandgap and Optical Properties of Monoclinic Bismuth Vanadate
journal, January 2015

  • Cooper, Jason K.; Gul, Sheraz; Toma, Francesca M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 119, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp512169w

Direct Imaging of Highly Anisotropic Photogenerated Charge Separations on Different Facets of a Single BiVO 4 Photocatalyst
journal, July 2015

  • Zhu, Jian; Fan, Fengtao; Chen, Ruotian
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201504135