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Title: Theoretical quantification of shock-timing sensitivities for direct-drive inertial confinement fusion implosions on OMEGA

Using temporally shaped laser pulses, multiple shocks can be launched in direct-drive inertial confinement fusion implosion experiments to set the shell on a desired isentrope or adiabat. The velocity of the first shock and the times at which subsequent shocks catch up to it are measured through the VISAR diagnostic on OMEGA. Simulations reproduce these velocity and shock-merger time measurements when using laser pulses designed for setting mid-adiabat (α ~ 3) implosions, but agreement degrades for lower-adiabat (α ~ 1) designs. Several possibilities for this difference are studied: errors in placing the target at the center of irradiation (target offset), variations in energy between the different incident beams (power imbalance), and errors in modeling the laser energy coupled into the capsule. Simulation results indicate that shock timing is most sensitive to details of the density and temperature profiles in the coronal plasma, which influences the laser energy coupled into the target, and only marginally sensitive to target offset and beam power imbalance. A new technique under development to infer coronal profiles using x-ray self-emission imaging can be applied to the pulse shapes used in shock-timing experiments. In conclusion, this will help identify improved physics models to implement in codes andmore » consequently enhance shock-timing predictive capability for low-adiabat pulses.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0001944
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1457362
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1437337