skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The vanishing superfluid density in cuprates — and why it matters

Abstract

Recently, we have released the results of a comprehensive study of a couple thousand single-crystal La 2-xSr xCuO 4 films, covering densely the entire overdoped side of the phase diagram. Here in this paper, we review the key experimental findings, place them in the context of other important well-established facts and observations, and discuss their implications for our understanding of high-temperature superconductivity in cuprates. We conclude that it involves some new physics that requires going beyond the standard Fermi Liquid description of the normal state and Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer description of the superconducting state.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States). Dept. of Applied Physics
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1457354
Report Number(s):
BNL-205808-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1557-1939; PII: 4792
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1557-1939
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; High temperature superconductivity; cuprate; thin films; molecular beam epitaxy; superfluid density

Citation Formats

Bozovic, Ivan, He, X., Wu, J., and Bollinger, A. T. The vanishing superfluid density in cuprates — and why it matters. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s10948-018-4792-7.
Bozovic, Ivan, He, X., Wu, J., & Bollinger, A. T. The vanishing superfluid density in cuprates — and why it matters. United States. doi:10.1007/s10948-018-4792-7.
Bozovic, Ivan, He, X., Wu, J., and Bollinger, A. T. Sun . "The vanishing superfluid density in cuprates — and why it matters". United States. doi:10.1007/s10948-018-4792-7. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1457354.
@article{osti_1457354,
title = {The vanishing superfluid density in cuprates — and why it matters},
author = {Bozovic, Ivan and He, X. and Wu, J. and Bollinger, A. T.},
abstractNote = {Recently, we have released the results of a comprehensive study of a couple thousand single-crystal La2-xSrxCuO4 films, covering densely the entire overdoped side of the phase diagram. Here in this paper, we review the key experimental findings, place them in the context of other important well-established facts and observations, and discuss their implications for our understanding of high-temperature superconductivity in cuprates. We conclude that it involves some new physics that requires going beyond the standard Fermi Liquid description of the normal state and Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer description of the superconducting state.},
doi = {10.1007/s10948-018-4792-7},
journal = {Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism},
number = 9,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A universal scaling relation in high-temperature superconductors
journal, July 2004

  • Homes, C. C.; Dordevic, S. V.; Strongin, M.
  • Nature, Vol. 430, Issue 6999
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02673

Anomalously sharp superconducting transitions in overdoped La 2 x Sr x CuO 4 films
journal, December 2010


Nodal quasiparticle lifetimes in cuprate superconductors
journal, December 2005


A Sharp Peak of the Zero-Temperature Penetration Depth at Optimal Composition in BaFe2(As1-xPx)2
journal, June 2012


Spontaneous breaking of rotational symmetry in copper oxide superconductors
journal, July 2017


d -wave superconductor as a model of high- T c superconductors
journal, January 1994


Point nodes persisting far beyond Tc in Bi2212
journal, July 2015

  • Kondo, Takeshi; Malaeb, W.; Ishida, Y.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8699

Effect of strong scattering on the low-temperature penetration depth of a d -wave superconductor
journal, August 1993


Anomalous independence of interface superconductivity from carrier density
journal, August 2013

  • Wu, J.; Pelleg, O.; Logvenov, G.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3719

Phase-fluctuating superconductivity in overdoped La2−xSrxCuO4
journal, March 2011

  • Rourke, Patrick M. C.; Mouzopoulou, Ioanna; Xu, Xiaofeng
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1945

Muon spin rotation study of the correlation between T c and n s / m * in overdoped Tl 2 Ba 2 CuO 6 + δ
journal, September 1993


Constant effective mass across the phase diagram of high- T c cuprates
journal, August 2005


Change of carrier density at the pseudogap critical point of a cuprate superconductor
journal, February 2016


From quantum matter to high-temperature superconductivity in copper oxides
journal, February 2015

  • Keimer, B.; Kivelson, S. A.; Norman, M. R.
  • Nature, Vol. 518, Issue 7538
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14165

Vanishing of phase coherence in underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ
journal, March 1999

  • Corson, J.; Mallozzi, R.; Orenstein, J.
  • Nature, Vol. 398, Issue 6724
  • DOI: 10.1038/18402

High-Temperature Superconductivity in a Single Copper-Oxygen Plane
journal, October 2009


High-temperature interface superconductivity between metallic and insulating copper oxides
journal, October 2008

  • Gozar, A.; Logvenov, G.; Kourkoutis, L. Fitting
  • Nature, Vol. 455, Issue 7214, p. 782-785
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature07293

Vortex-like excitations and the onset of superconducting phase fluctuation in underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4
journal, August 2000

  • Xu, Z. A.; Ong, N. P.; Wang, Y.
  • Nature, Vol. 406, Issue 6795
  • DOI: 10.1038/35020016

High-precision measurement of magnetic penetration depth in superconducting films
journal, November 2016

  • He, X.; Gozar, A.; Sundling, R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4967004

Diamagnetism and Cooper pairing above T c in cuprates
journal, February 2010


Magnetic-field penetration depth in TI2Ba2CuO6+δ in the overdoped regime
journal, August 1993

  • Uemura, Y. J.; Keren, A.; Le, L. P.
  • Nature, Vol. 364, Issue 6438
  • DOI: 10.1038/364605a0

Superconductor–insulator transition in La2 − xSr x CuO4 at the pair quantum resistance
journal, April 2011


Onset of the vortexlike Nernst signal above T c in La 2 x Sr x CuO 4 and Bi 2 Sr 2 y La y CuO 6
journal, November 2001


Hall effect in quantum critical charge-cluster glass
journal, April 2016

  • Wu, Jie; Bollinger, Anthony T.; Sun, Yujie
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1519630113

Precision measurements of the temperature dependence of λ in YBa 2 Cu 3 O 6.95 : Strong evidence for nodes in the gap function
journal, June 1993


Disorder and superfluid density in overdoped cuprate superconductors
journal, July 2017


Dependence of the critical temperature in overdoped copper oxides on superfluid density
journal, August 2016


Persistence of magnetic excitations in La2−xSrxCuO4 from the undoped insulator to the heavily overdoped non-superconducting metal
journal, August 2013

  • Dean, M. P. M.; Dellea, G.; Springell, R. S.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3723

Emergence of superconductivity from the dynamically heterogeneous insulating state in La2−xSrxCuO4
journal, November 2012

  • Shi, Xiaoyan; Logvenov, G.; Bollinger, A. T.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3487

Microwave conductivity and superfluid density in strongly overdoped Tl 2 Ba 2 CuO 6 + δ
journal, December 2013


Doping evolution of the optical scattering rate and effective mass of Bi 2 Sr 2 x La x CuO 6
journal, March 2012


Superconductor-to-metal quantum phase transition in overdoped La 2 x Sr x CuO 4
journal, April 2011


Sum rules and energy scales in the high-temperature superconductor YBa 2 Cu 3 O 6 + x
journal, January 2004


Temporal correlations of superconductivity above the transition temperature in La2−xSrxCuO4 probed by terahertz spectroscopy
journal, February 2011

  • Bilbro, L. S.; Aguilar, R. Valdés; Logvenov, G.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1912

Fermi surface and electronic homogeneity of the overdoped cuprate superconductor Tl 2 Ba 2 CuO 6 + δ as revealed by quantum oscillations
journal, October 2010


Temperature range of superconducting fluctuations above T c in YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7 δ single crystals
journal, April 2011


Nernst effect in high- T c superconductors
journal, January 2006


Spin excitations in a single La2CuO4 layer
journal, September 2012

  • Dean, M. P. M.; Springell, R. S.; Monney, C.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3409

Universal nodal Fermi velocity
journal, May 2003

  • Zhou, X. J.; Yoshida, T.; Lanzara, A.
  • Nature, Vol. 423, Issue 6938
  • DOI: 10.1038/423398a

In-plane microwave conductivity of the single-layer cuprate Tl 2 Ba 2 CuO 6 + δ
journal, November 1997


Fluctuating charge-density waves in a cuprate superconductor
journal, February 2013

  • Torchinsky, Darius H.; Mahmood, Fahad; Bollinger, Anthony T.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3571

Magnetic field and temperature dependence of complex conductance of ultrathin La 1.65 Sr 0.45 CuO 4 /La 2 CuO 4 films
journal, September 2012


Superfluid Density in a Highly Underdoped YBa 2 Cu 3 O 6 + y Superconductor
journal, December 2007


Large oscillations of the magnetoresistance in nanopatterned high-temperature superconducting films
journal, June 2010

  • Sochnikov, Ilya; Shaulov, Avner; Yeshurun, Yosef
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 5, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.111

Can high- T c superconductivity in cuprates be explained by the conventional BCS theory?
journal, June 2018

  • Božović, I.; Bollinger, A. T.; Wu, J.
  • Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 44, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5037554

Importance of phase fluctuations in superconductors with small superfluid density
journal, March 1995

  • Emery, V. J.; Kivelson, S. A.
  • Nature, Vol. 374, Issue 6521
  • DOI: 10.1038/374434a0

Quantum oscillations in an overdoped high-Tc superconductor
journal, October 2008

  • Vignolle, B.; Carrington, A.; Cooper, R. A.
  • Nature, Vol. 455, Issue 7215
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature07323

General trends in oxygen stoichiometry effects on Tc in Bi and Tl superconductors
journal, May 1991