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Title: Discovery and Follow-up Observations of the Young Type Ia Supernova 2016coj

Abstract

The Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 2016coj in NGC 4125 (redshift z = 0.00452 ± 0.00006) was discovered by the Lick Observatory Supernova Search 4.9 days after the fitted first-light time (FFLT; 11.1 days before B-band maximum). Our first detection (prediscovery) is merely 0.6 ± 0.5 days after the FFLT, making SN 2016coj one of the earliest known detections of an SN Ia. A spectrum was taken only 3.7 hr after discovery (5.0 days after the FFLT) and classified as a normal SN Ia. In this study, we performed high-quality photometry, low- and high-resolution spectroscopy, and spectropolarimetry, finding that SN 2016coj is a spectroscopically normal SN Ia, but the velocity of Si ii λ6355 around peak brightness (~12,600 kms-1) is a bit higher than that of typical normal SNe. The Si ii λ6355 velocity evolution can be well fit by a broken-power-law function for up to a month after the FFLT. SN 2016coj has a normal peak luminosity (MB≈ -18.9 ± 0.2 mag), and it reaches a B-band maximum ~16.0 days after the FFLT. We estimate there to be low host-galaxy extinction based on the absence of Na i D absorption lines in our low- and high-resolution spectra. Finally, themore » spectropolarimetric data exhibit weak polarization in the continuum, but the Si ii line polarization is quite strong (~0.9% ± 0.1%) at peak brightness.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [10];  [8]; ORCiD logo [8];  [10];  [8]; ORCiD logo [11] more »;  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [7]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [9];  [12]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [13];  [7];  [8];  [12];  [12]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [9];  [14];  [8]; ORCiD logo [15]; ORCiD logo [5] « less
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States) ; Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  3. Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Goleta, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
  5. Tsinghua University, Beijing (China)
  6. Pennel Observatory, South Wonston (United Kingdom)
  7. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  8. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  9. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  10. California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA (United States)
  11. Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States)
  12. Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States)
  13. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States) ; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  14. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  15. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21)
OSTI Identifier:
1456972
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 841; Journal Issue: 1; Related Information: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; supernovae: general; supernovae - individual

Citation Formats

Zheng, WeiKang, Filippenko, Alexei V., Mauerhan, Jon, Graham, Melissa L., Yuk, Heechan, Hosseinzadeh, Griffin, Silverman, Jeffrey M., Rui, Liming, Arbour, Ron, Foley, Ryan J., Abolfathi, Bela, Abramson, Louis E., Arcavi, Iair, Barth, Aaron J., Bennert, Vardha N., Brandel, Andrew P., Cooper, Michael C., Cosens, Maren, Fillingham, Sean P., Fulton, Benjamin J., Halevi, Goni, Howell, D. Andrew, Hsyu, Tiffany, Kelly, Patrick L., Kumar, Sahana, Li, Linyi, Li, Wenxiong, Malkan, Matthew A., Manzano-King, Christina, McCully, Curtis, Nugent, Peter E., Pan, Yen-Chen, Pei, Liuyi, Scott, Bryan, Sexton, Remington Oliver, Shivvers, Isaac, Stahl, Benjamin, Treu, Tommaso, Valenti, Stefano, Vogler, H. Alexander, Walsh, Jonelle L., and Wang, Xiaofeng. Discovery and Follow-up Observations of the Young Type Ia Supernova 2016coj. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa6dfa.
Zheng, WeiKang, Filippenko, Alexei V., Mauerhan, Jon, Graham, Melissa L., Yuk, Heechan, Hosseinzadeh, Griffin, Silverman, Jeffrey M., Rui, Liming, Arbour, Ron, Foley, Ryan J., Abolfathi, Bela, Abramson, Louis E., Arcavi, Iair, Barth, Aaron J., Bennert, Vardha N., Brandel, Andrew P., Cooper, Michael C., Cosens, Maren, Fillingham, Sean P., Fulton, Benjamin J., Halevi, Goni, Howell, D. Andrew, Hsyu, Tiffany, Kelly, Patrick L., Kumar, Sahana, Li, Linyi, Li, Wenxiong, Malkan, Matthew A., Manzano-King, Christina, McCully, Curtis, Nugent, Peter E., Pan, Yen-Chen, Pei, Liuyi, Scott, Bryan, Sexton, Remington Oliver, Shivvers, Isaac, Stahl, Benjamin, Treu, Tommaso, Valenti, Stefano, Vogler, H. Alexander, Walsh, Jonelle L., & Wang, Xiaofeng. Discovery and Follow-up Observations of the Young Type Ia Supernova 2016coj. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa6dfa.
Zheng, WeiKang, Filippenko, Alexei V., Mauerhan, Jon, Graham, Melissa L., Yuk, Heechan, Hosseinzadeh, Griffin, Silverman, Jeffrey M., Rui, Liming, Arbour, Ron, Foley, Ryan J., Abolfathi, Bela, Abramson, Louis E., Arcavi, Iair, Barth, Aaron J., Bennert, Vardha N., Brandel, Andrew P., Cooper, Michael C., Cosens, Maren, Fillingham, Sean P., Fulton, Benjamin J., Halevi, Goni, Howell, D. Andrew, Hsyu, Tiffany, Kelly, Patrick L., Kumar, Sahana, Li, Linyi, Li, Wenxiong, Malkan, Matthew A., Manzano-King, Christina, McCully, Curtis, Nugent, Peter E., Pan, Yen-Chen, Pei, Liuyi, Scott, Bryan, Sexton, Remington Oliver, Shivvers, Isaac, Stahl, Benjamin, Treu, Tommaso, Valenti, Stefano, Vogler, H. Alexander, Walsh, Jonelle L., and Wang, Xiaofeng. Wed . "Discovery and Follow-up Observations of the Young Type Ia Supernova 2016coj". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa6dfa. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1456972.
@article{osti_1456972,
title = {Discovery and Follow-up Observations of the Young Type Ia Supernova 2016coj},
author = {Zheng, WeiKang and Filippenko, Alexei V. and Mauerhan, Jon and Graham, Melissa L. and Yuk, Heechan and Hosseinzadeh, Griffin and Silverman, Jeffrey M. and Rui, Liming and Arbour, Ron and Foley, Ryan J. and Abolfathi, Bela and Abramson, Louis E. and Arcavi, Iair and Barth, Aaron J. and Bennert, Vardha N. and Brandel, Andrew P. and Cooper, Michael C. and Cosens, Maren and Fillingham, Sean P. and Fulton, Benjamin J. and Halevi, Goni and Howell, D. Andrew and Hsyu, Tiffany and Kelly, Patrick L. and Kumar, Sahana and Li, Linyi and Li, Wenxiong and Malkan, Matthew A. and Manzano-King, Christina and McCully, Curtis and Nugent, Peter E. and Pan, Yen-Chen and Pei, Liuyi and Scott, Bryan and Sexton, Remington Oliver and Shivvers, Isaac and Stahl, Benjamin and Treu, Tommaso and Valenti, Stefano and Vogler, H. Alexander and Walsh, Jonelle L. and Wang, Xiaofeng},
abstractNote = {The Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 2016coj in NGC 4125 (redshift z = 0.00452 ± 0.00006) was discovered by the Lick Observatory Supernova Search 4.9 days after the fitted first-light time (FFLT; 11.1 days before B-band maximum). Our first detection (prediscovery) is merely 0.6 ± 0.5 days after the FFLT, making SN 2016coj one of the earliest known detections of an SN Ia. A spectrum was taken only 3.7 hr after discovery (5.0 days after the FFLT) and classified as a normal SN Ia. In this study, we performed high-quality photometry, low- and high-resolution spectroscopy, and spectropolarimetry, finding that SN 2016coj is a spectroscopically normal SN Ia, but the velocity of Si ii λ6355 around peak brightness (~12,600 kms-1) is a bit higher than that of typical normal SNe. The Si ii λ6355 velocity evolution can be well fit by a broken-power-law function for up to a month after the FFLT. SN 2016coj has a normal peak luminosity (MB≈ -18.9 ± 0.2 mag), and it reaches a B-band maximum ~16.0 days after the FFLT. We estimate there to be low host-galaxy extinction based on the absence of Na i D absorption lines in our low- and high-resolution spectra. Finally, the spectropolarimetric data exhibit weak polarization in the continuum, but the Si ii line polarization is quite strong (~0.9% ± 0.1%) at peak brightness.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aa6dfa},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 841,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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  • Tully, R. Brent; Courtois, Hélène M.; Dolphin, Andrew E.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 146, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/146/4/86

APF—The Lick Observatory Automated Planet Finder
journal, April 2014

  • Vogt, Steven S.; Radovan, Matthew; Kibrick, Robert
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 126, Issue 938
  • DOI: 10.1086/676120

Spectropolarimetry of SN 2001el in NGC 1448: Asphericity of a Normal Type Ia Supernova
journal, July 2003

  • Wang, Lifan; Baade, Dietrich; Hoflich, Peter
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 591, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/375444

Spectropolarimetric Diagnostics of Thermonuclear Supernova Explosions
journal, January 2007


Spectropolarimetry of Supernovae
journal, September 2008


Polarimetry of the Type I[CLC]a[/CLC] Supernova SN 1996X
journal, February 1997

  • Wang, Lifan; Wheeler, J. Craig; Höflich, Peter
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 476, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/310495

Optical and Near‐Infrared Observations of the Highly Reddened, Rapidly Expanding Type Ia Supernova SN 2006X in M100
journal, March 2008

  • Wang, Xiaofeng; Li, Weidong; Filippenko, Alexei V.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 675, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/526413

THE GOLDEN STANDARD TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA 2005cf: OBSERVATIONS FROM THE ULTRAVIOLET TO THE NEAR-INFRARED WAVEBANDS
journal, May 2009


Evidence for Two Distinct Populations of Type Ia Supernovae
journal, March 2013


Double white dwarfs as progenitors of R Coronae Borealis stars and Type I supernovae
journal, February 1984

  • Webbink, R. F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 277
  • DOI: 10.1086/161701

Homogeneous Velocity‐Distance Data for Peculiar Velocity Analysis. III. The Mark III Catalog of Galaxy Peculiar Velocities
journal, April 1997

  • Willick, Jeffrey A.; Courteau, Stephane; Faber, S. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 109, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/312983

Cold dust but warm gas in the Unusual Elliptical Galaxy ngc 4125
journal, October 2013


OPTICAL AND ULTRAVIOLET OBSERVATIONS OF THE NARROW-LINED TYPE Ia SN 2012fr IN NGC 1365
journal, May 2014


THE OXYGEN FEATURES IN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE NATURE OF THERMONUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS
journal, August 2016


An Empirical Fitting Method for Type Ia Supernova Light Curves: A Case Study of SN 2011fe
journal, March 2017


Estimating the First-Light time of the type ia Supernova 2014j in m82
journal, February 2014


THE VERY YOUNG TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA 2013dy: DISCOVERY, AND STRONG CARBON ABSORPTION IN EARLY-TIME SPECTRA
journal, November 2013

  • Zheng, WeiKang; Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Filippenko, Alexei V.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 778, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/778/1/L15