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Title: Host-galaxy properties of 32 low-redshift superluminous supernovae from the palomar transient factory

Abstract

In this paper, we present ultraviolet through near-infrared photometry and spectroscopy of the host galaxies of all superluminous supernovae (SLSNe) discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory prior to 2013 and derive measurements of their luminosities, star formation rates, stellar masses, and gas-phase metallicities. We find that Type I (hydrogen-poor) SLSNe (SLSNe I) are found almost exclusively in low-mass (M < 2 x 109 M) and metal-poor (12 + log10[O/H] < 8.4) galaxies. We compare the mass and metallicity distributions of our sample to nearby galaxy catalogs in detail and conclude that the rate of SLSNe I as a fraction of all SNe is heavily suppressed in galaxies with metallicities ≳0.5 Z. Extremely low metallicities are not required and indeed provide no further increase in the relative SLSN rate. Several SLSN I hosts are undergoing vigorous starbursts, but this may simply be a side effect of metallicity dependence: dwarf galaxies tend to have bursty star formation histories. Type II (hydrogen-rich) SLSNe (SLSNe II) are found over the entire range of galaxy masses and metallicities, and their integrated properties do not suggest a strong preference for (or against) low-mass/low-metallicity galaxies. Finally, two hosts exhibit unusual properties: PTF 10uhf is an SLSNmore » I in a massive, luminous infrared galaxy at redshift z=0.29, while PTF 10tpz is an SLSN II located in the nucleus of an early-type host at z=0.04.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [7];  [7];  [8];  [9]
  1. Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark). Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute; California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Department of Astronomy
  2. San Diego State University, CA (United States). Department of Astronomy; The University of Tokyo (Japan). Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS
  3. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Infrared Processing and Analysis Center
  4. The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot (Israel). Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Faculty of Physics
  5. The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot (Israel). Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Faculty of Physics; European Southern Observatory (Germany)
  6. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Department of Astronomy
  7. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Department of Astronomy
  8. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Spitzer Science Center
  9. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Department of Astronomy; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR)
OSTI Identifier:
1456959
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 830; Journal Issue: 1; Related Information: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; supernovae; galaxies: photometry; galaxies: abundances; galaxies - dwarf

Citation Formats

Perley, D. A., Quimby, R. M., Yan, L., Vreeswijk, P. M., Cia, A. De, Lunnan, R., Gal-Yam, A., Yaron, O., Filippenko, A. V., Graham, M. L., Laher, R., and Nugent, P. E. Host-galaxy properties of 32 low-redshift superluminous supernovae from the palomar transient factory. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/830/1/13.
Perley, D. A., Quimby, R. M., Yan, L., Vreeswijk, P. M., Cia, A. De, Lunnan, R., Gal-Yam, A., Yaron, O., Filippenko, A. V., Graham, M. L., Laher, R., & Nugent, P. E. Host-galaxy properties of 32 low-redshift superluminous supernovae from the palomar transient factory. United States. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/830/1/13.
Perley, D. A., Quimby, R. M., Yan, L., Vreeswijk, P. M., Cia, A. De, Lunnan, R., Gal-Yam, A., Yaron, O., Filippenko, A. V., Graham, M. L., Laher, R., and Nugent, P. E. Mon . "Host-galaxy properties of 32 low-redshift superluminous supernovae from the palomar transient factory". United States. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/830/1/13. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1456959.
@article{osti_1456959,
title = {Host-galaxy properties of 32 low-redshift superluminous supernovae from the palomar transient factory},
author = {Perley, D. A. and Quimby, R. M. and Yan, L. and Vreeswijk, P. M. and Cia, A. De and Lunnan, R. and Gal-Yam, A. and Yaron, O. and Filippenko, A. V. and Graham, M. L. and Laher, R. and Nugent, P. E.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we present ultraviolet through near-infrared photometry and spectroscopy of the host galaxies of all superluminous supernovae (SLSNe) discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory prior to 2013 and derive measurements of their luminosities, star formation rates, stellar masses, and gas-phase metallicities. We find that Type I (hydrogen-poor) SLSNe (SLSNe I) are found almost exclusively in low-mass (M∗ < 2 x 109 M⊙) and metal-poor (12 + log10[O/H] < 8.4) galaxies. We compare the mass and metallicity distributions of our sample to nearby galaxy catalogs in detail and conclude that the rate of SLSNe I as a fraction of all SNe is heavily suppressed in galaxies with metallicities ≳0.5 Z⊙. Extremely low metallicities are not required and indeed provide no further increase in the relative SLSN rate. Several SLSN I hosts are undergoing vigorous starbursts, but this may simply be a side effect of metallicity dependence: dwarf galaxies tend to have bursty star formation histories. Type II (hydrogen-rich) SLSNe (SLSNe II) are found over the entire range of galaxy masses and metallicities, and their integrated properties do not suggest a strong preference for (or against) low-mass/low-metallicity galaxies. Finally, two hosts exhibit unusual properties: PTF 10uhf is an SLSN I in a massive, luminous infrared galaxy at redshift z=0.29, while PTF 10tpz is an SLSN II located in the nucleus of an early-type host at z=0.04.},
doi = {10.3847/0004-637X/830/1/13},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 830,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}

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  • Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Nugent, Peter E.; Gal-Yam, Avishay
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SPECTRAL EVOLUTION OF THE EXTRAORDINARY TYPE IIn SUPERNOVA 2006gy
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SN 2006gy: Discovery of the Most Luminous Supernova Ever Recorded, Powered by the Death of an Extremely Massive Star like η Carinae
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  • DOI: 10.1086/519949

Jets launched at magnetar birth cannot be ignored
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  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 124, Issue 3
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  • Strolger, Louis-Gregory; Dahlen, Tomas; Rodney, Steven A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 813, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/813/2/93

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  • Thöne, C. C.; de Ugarte Postigo, A.; García-Benito, R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 451, Issue 1
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  • Vreeswijk, Paul M.; Savaglio, Sandra; Gal-Yam, Avishay
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 797, Issue 1
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The Most Massive Core‐Collapse Supernova Progenitors
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  • Waldman, R.
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  • Walsh, J. R.; Roy, Jean-René
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Bright Supernovae from Magnetar Birth
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Pulsational pair instability as an explanation for the most luminous supernovae
journal, November 2007

  • Woosley, S. E.; Blinnikov, S.; Heger, Alexander
  • Nature, Vol. 450, Issue 7168
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06333

The Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (Wise): Mission Description and Initial On-Orbit Performance
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Detection of Broad hα Emission Lines in the Late-Time Spectra of a Hydrogen-Poor Superluminous Supernova
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WISeREP—An Interactive Supernova Data Repository
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  • Yaron, Ofer; Gal-Yam, Avishay
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Type Ic core-collapse supernova explosions evolved from very massive stars
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  • Yoshida, Takashi; Okita, Shinpei; Umeda, Hideyuki
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 438, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2427

A progenitor for the extremely luminous Type Ic supernova 2007bi: A progenitor for SN 2007bi
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Evolution and fate of very massive stars
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  • Yusof, Norhasliza; Hirschi, Raphael; Meynet, Georges
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The Universal Relation of Galactic Chemical Evolution: the Origin of the Mass-Metallicity Relation
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  • Zahid, H. Jabran; Dima, Gabriel I.; Kudritzki, Rolf-Peter
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 791, Issue 2
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