skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change: The Intensified Greenhouse Effect

Abstract

We report that human activities over the past 200 years have increased Earth’s greenhouse effect by about 1% relative to the radiative fluxes that drive the climate system. This Resource Letter introduces the physics of this intensified greenhouse effect and of the processes that govern resultant change in climate and provides resources for further study. Context for this examination is provided in a companion Resource Letter (GECC-1) that examined the radiative fluxes that comprise Earth’s climate system and the present-day greenhouse effect. The increase in global temperature and other changes in climate resulting from the intensified greenhouse effect are of great societal concern. Developing prognostic capability to determine these responses to the small perturbations that constitute the intensified greenhouse effect to an accuracy that would be useful to inform policymaking is the major challenge facing climate scientists today.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Environmental and Climate Sciences
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1456892
Report Number(s):
BNL-205797-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-9505; TRN: US1901253
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
American Journal of Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-9505
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Schwartz, Stephen E. The Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change: The Intensified Greenhouse Effect. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1119/1.5045577.
Schwartz, Stephen E. The Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change: The Intensified Greenhouse Effect. United States. doi:10.1119/1.5045577.
Schwartz, Stephen E. Fri . "The Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change: The Intensified Greenhouse Effect". United States. doi:10.1119/1.5045577. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1456892.
@article{osti_1456892,
title = {The Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change: The Intensified Greenhouse Effect},
author = {Schwartz, Stephen E.},
abstractNote = {We report that human activities over the past 200 years have increased Earth’s greenhouse effect by about 1% relative to the radiative fluxes that drive the climate system. This Resource Letter introduces the physics of this intensified greenhouse effect and of the processes that govern resultant change in climate and provides resources for further study. Context for this examination is provided in a companion Resource Letter (GECC-1) that examined the radiative fluxes that comprise Earth’s climate system and the present-day greenhouse effect. The increase in global temperature and other changes in climate resulting from the intensified greenhouse effect are of great societal concern. Developing prognostic capability to determine these responses to the small perturbations that constitute the intensified greenhouse effect to an accuracy that would be useful to inform policymaking is the major challenge facing climate scientists today.},
doi = {10.1119/1.5045577},
journal = {American Journal of Physics},
number = 9,
volume = 86,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Atmospheric mixing ratios (left axes) and resulting global-mean perturbations in radiative budget (radiative forcings, right axes) of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide over ($a$) the last glacial-interglacial cycle, 150,000 years; ($b$) the Holocene, 10,000 years; ($c$) the Anthropocene, 250 years, and ($d$) contemporary measurements at Mauna Loa,more » Hawaii. Measurements from Antarctic ice cores in ($b$) and ($c$) are shown as symbols with different colors for different studies; contemporaneous atmospheric measurements are shown by red curves. ($a$) CO2, Ref. [12]; CH4, Ref. [13]; ($b$) and($c$) modified from the Fourth IPCC Assessment Report ; ($d$) monthly mean data from NOAA and, for CO2, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, updated from Ref. [14].« less

Save / Share: