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Title: Dynamic Impact of Electrode Materials on Interface of Single-Crystalline Methylammonium Lead Bromide Perovskite

Abstract

One of the current challenges in methylammonium lead halide (MAPbX 3) perovskite application research is understanding contact formation and interfacial phenomena for highly efficient and stable device performance. For semiconductors, development of contact formation is inseparable from device performance and stability. Single–crystalline MAPbX3 has become of great interest for perovskite devices in photodetectors, light–emitting diodes, and more recently in high–energy radiation detection. Deeper research is required to understand interfacial interactions in single–crystalline MAPbX 3. This article focuses on the dynamic impact of electrode metal (Au and Cr) on methylammonium lead bromide (MAPbBr 3) single crystals. It is studied how charge transport properties of single crystal MAPbBr 3 can be tuned via electrode material selection at the metal/MAPbBr 3 interface to improve device performance with proper contact formation. The ability to create an ohmic–like or nonohmic contact by switching the electrode metal from Cr to Au, respectively, is demonstrated. It is observed that the interfacial charge transfer resistance (recombination resistance) of the Cr/MAPbBr 3 interface is 1.79 × 10 9 Ω, compared to 1.32 × 10 7 Ω for the Au/MAPbBr 3. Cr contacts can reduce hysteretic behavior by reducing interfacial recombination and interfacial polarization. Furthermore, these studies provide insight tomore » metal/MAPbX 3 interfacial interactions toward device engineering for hole transport layer–free MAPbX 3 device structures.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1456783
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 2196-7350
Publisher:
Wiley-VCH
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; hysteresis; impedance spectroscopy; interfaces; ion migration; metal electrodes; methylammonium lead halide perovskites

Citation Formats

Tisdale, Jeremy T., Muckley, Eric, Ahmadi, Mahshid, Smith, Travis, Seal, Cody, Lukosi, Eric, Ivanov, Ilia N., and Hu, Bin. Dynamic Impact of Electrode Materials on Interface of Single-Crystalline Methylammonium Lead Bromide Perovskite. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/admi.201800476.
Tisdale, Jeremy T., Muckley, Eric, Ahmadi, Mahshid, Smith, Travis, Seal, Cody, Lukosi, Eric, Ivanov, Ilia N., & Hu, Bin. Dynamic Impact of Electrode Materials on Interface of Single-Crystalline Methylammonium Lead Bromide Perovskite. United States. doi:10.1002/admi.201800476.
Tisdale, Jeremy T., Muckley, Eric, Ahmadi, Mahshid, Smith, Travis, Seal, Cody, Lukosi, Eric, Ivanov, Ilia N., and Hu, Bin. Tue . "Dynamic Impact of Electrode Materials on Interface of Single-Crystalline Methylammonium Lead Bromide Perovskite". United States. doi:10.1002/admi.201800476. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1456783.
@article{osti_1456783,
title = {Dynamic Impact of Electrode Materials on Interface of Single-Crystalline Methylammonium Lead Bromide Perovskite},
author = {Tisdale, Jeremy T. and Muckley, Eric and Ahmadi, Mahshid and Smith, Travis and Seal, Cody and Lukosi, Eric and Ivanov, Ilia N. and Hu, Bin},
abstractNote = {One of the current challenges in methylammonium lead halide (MAPbX3) perovskite application research is understanding contact formation and interfacial phenomena for highly efficient and stable device performance. For semiconductors, development of contact formation is inseparable from device performance and stability. Single–crystalline MAPbX3 has become of great interest for perovskite devices in photodetectors, light–emitting diodes, and more recently in high–energy radiation detection. Deeper research is required to understand interfacial interactions in single–crystalline MAPbX3. This article focuses on the dynamic impact of electrode metal (Au and Cr) on methylammonium lead bromide (MAPbBr3) single crystals. It is studied how charge transport properties of single crystal MAPbBr3 can be tuned via electrode material selection at the metal/MAPbBr3 interface to improve device performance with proper contact formation. The ability to create an ohmic–like or nonohmic contact by switching the electrode metal from Cr to Au, respectively, is demonstrated. It is observed that the interfacial charge transfer resistance (recombination resistance) of the Cr/MAPbBr3 interface is 1.79 × 109 Ω, compared to 1.32 × 107 Ω for the Au/MAPbBr3. Cr contacts can reduce hysteretic behavior by reducing interfacial recombination and interfacial polarization. Furthermore, these studies provide insight to metal/MAPbX3 interfacial interactions toward device engineering for hole transport layer–free MAPbX3 device structures.},
doi = {10.1002/admi.201800476},
journal = {Advanced Materials Interfaces},
number = 18,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: a) XRD for single crystal MAPbBr3. b) PL for MAPbBr3 single crystal (photoexcitation = 405 nm CW laser). c) Schematic of device architecture used throughout manuscript.

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