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Title: Hydrological partitioning in the critical zone: Recent advances and opportunities for developing transferable understanding of water cycle dynamics

Abstract

Here, hydrology is an integrative discipline linking the broad array of water–related research with physical, ecological, and social sciences. The increasing breadth of hydrological research, often where subdisciplines of hydrology partner with related sciences, reflects the central importance of water to environmental science, while highlighting the fractured nature of the discipline itself. This lack of coordination among hydrologic subdisciplines has hindered the development of hydrologic theory and integrated models capable of predicting hydrologic partitioning across time and space. The recent development of the concept of the critical zone (CZ), an open system extending from the top of the canopy to the base of groundwater, brings together multiple hydrological subdisciplines with related physical and ecological sciences. Observations obtained by CZ researchers provide a diverse range of complementary process and structural data to evaluate both conceptual and numerical models. Consequently, a cross–site focus on “critical zone hydrology” has potential to advance the discipline of hydrology and to facilitate the transition of CZ observatories into a research network with immediate societal relevance. Here we review recent work in catchment hydrology and hydrochemistry, hydrogeology, and ecohydrology that highlights a common knowledge gap in how precipitation is partitioned in the critical zone: “how is themore » amount, routing, and residence time of water in the subsurface related to the biogeophysical structure of the CZ?” Addressing this question will require coordination among hydrologic subdisciplines and interfacing sciences, and catalyze rapid progress in understanding current CZ structure and predicting how climate and land cover changes will affect hydrologic partitioning.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
  2. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  3. Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States)
  4. Idaho State Univ., Pocatello, ID (United States)
  5. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
  6. Boise State Univ., Boise, ID (United States)
  7. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1454919
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0006968
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Water Resources Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 51; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-1397
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; critical zone; ecohydrology; geohydrology; hydrochemistry

Citation Formats

Brooks, Paul D., Chorover, Jon, Fan, Ying, Godsey, Sarah E., Maxwell, Reed M., McNamara, James P., and Tague, Christina. Hydrological partitioning in the critical zone: Recent advances and opportunities for developing transferable understanding of water cycle dynamics. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/2015WR017039.
Brooks, Paul D., Chorover, Jon, Fan, Ying, Godsey, Sarah E., Maxwell, Reed M., McNamara, James P., & Tague, Christina. Hydrological partitioning in the critical zone: Recent advances and opportunities for developing transferable understanding of water cycle dynamics. United States. doi:10.1002/2015WR017039.
Brooks, Paul D., Chorover, Jon, Fan, Ying, Godsey, Sarah E., Maxwell, Reed M., McNamara, James P., and Tague, Christina. Fri . "Hydrological partitioning in the critical zone: Recent advances and opportunities for developing transferable understanding of water cycle dynamics". United States. doi:10.1002/2015WR017039. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1454919.
@article{osti_1454919,
title = {Hydrological partitioning in the critical zone: Recent advances and opportunities for developing transferable understanding of water cycle dynamics},
author = {Brooks, Paul D. and Chorover, Jon and Fan, Ying and Godsey, Sarah E. and Maxwell, Reed M. and McNamara, James P. and Tague, Christina},
abstractNote = {Here, hydrology is an integrative discipline linking the broad array of water–related research with physical, ecological, and social sciences. The increasing breadth of hydrological research, often where subdisciplines of hydrology partner with related sciences, reflects the central importance of water to environmental science, while highlighting the fractured nature of the discipline itself. This lack of coordination among hydrologic subdisciplines has hindered the development of hydrologic theory and integrated models capable of predicting hydrologic partitioning across time and space. The recent development of the concept of the critical zone (CZ), an open system extending from the top of the canopy to the base of groundwater, brings together multiple hydrological subdisciplines with related physical and ecological sciences. Observations obtained by CZ researchers provide a diverse range of complementary process and structural data to evaluate both conceptual and numerical models. Consequently, a cross–site focus on “critical zone hydrology” has potential to advance the discipline of hydrology and to facilitate the transition of CZ observatories into a research network with immediate societal relevance. Here we review recent work in catchment hydrology and hydrochemistry, hydrogeology, and ecohydrology that highlights a common knowledge gap in how precipitation is partitioned in the critical zone: “how is the amount, routing, and residence time of water in the subsurface related to the biogeophysical structure of the CZ?” Addressing this question will require coordination among hydrologic subdisciplines and interfacing sciences, and catalyze rapid progress in understanding current CZ structure and predicting how climate and land cover changes will affect hydrologic partitioning.},
doi = {10.1002/2015WR017039},
journal = {Water Resources Research},
number = 9,
volume = 51,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}

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