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Title: Reviews and syntheses: Field data to benchmark the carbon cycle models for tropical forests

Abstract

Abstract. For more accurate projections of both the global carbon (C) cycle and the changing climate, a critical current need is to improve the representation of tropical forests in Earth system models. Tropical forests exchange more C, energy, and water with the atmosphere than any other class of land ecosystems. Further, tropical-forest C cycling is likely responding to the rapid global warming, intensifying water stress, and increasing atmospheric CO 2 levels. Projections of the future C balance of the tropics vary widely among global models. A current effort of the modeling community, the ILAMB (International Land Model Benchmarking) project, is to compile robust observations that can be used to improve the accuracy and realism of the land models for all major biomes. Our goal with this paper is to identify field observations of tropical-forest ecosystem C stocks and fluxes, and of their long-term trends and climatic and CO 2 sensitivities, that can serve this effort. We propose criteria for reference-level field data from this biome and present a set of documented examples from old-growth lowland tropical forests. As a result, we offer these as a starting point towards the goal of a regularly updated consensus set of benchmark field observationsmore » of C cycling in tropical forests.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]
  1. Univ. of Missouri-St. Louis, Saint Louis, MO (United States)
  2. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States); Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)
  3. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
  4. US Geological Survey, Moab, UT (United States)
  5. Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States); Western Sydney Univ., Penrith, NSW (Australia)
  6. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States); USDA Forest Service, Fort Collins, CO (United States)
  7. USDA Forest Service, Rio Piedras, PR (United States)
  8. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1454885
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1468270
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; SC0011806; SC0012677
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Biogeosciences (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Biogeosciences (Online); Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 1726-4189
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Clark, Deborah A., Asao, Shinichi, Fisher, Rosie, Reed, Sasha, Reich, Peter B., Ryan, Michael G., Wood, Tana E., and Yang, Xiaojuan. Reviews and syntheses: Field data to benchmark the carbon cycle models for tropical forests. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.5194/bg-14-4663-2017.
Clark, Deborah A., Asao, Shinichi, Fisher, Rosie, Reed, Sasha, Reich, Peter B., Ryan, Michael G., Wood, Tana E., & Yang, Xiaojuan. Reviews and syntheses: Field data to benchmark the carbon cycle models for tropical forests. United States. doi:10.5194/bg-14-4663-2017.
Clark, Deborah A., Asao, Shinichi, Fisher, Rosie, Reed, Sasha, Reich, Peter B., Ryan, Michael G., Wood, Tana E., and Yang, Xiaojuan. Mon . "Reviews and syntheses: Field data to benchmark the carbon cycle models for tropical forests". United States. doi:10.5194/bg-14-4663-2017.
@article{osti_1454885,
title = {Reviews and syntheses: Field data to benchmark the carbon cycle models for tropical forests},
author = {Clark, Deborah A. and Asao, Shinichi and Fisher, Rosie and Reed, Sasha and Reich, Peter B. and Ryan, Michael G. and Wood, Tana E. and Yang, Xiaojuan},
abstractNote = {Abstract. For more accurate projections of both the global carbon (C) cycle and the changing climate, a critical current need is to improve the representation of tropical forests in Earth system models. Tropical forests exchange more C, energy, and water with the atmosphere than any other class of land ecosystems. Further, tropical-forest C cycling is likely responding to the rapid global warming, intensifying water stress, and increasing atmospheric CO2 levels. Projections of the future C balance of the tropics vary widely among global models. A current effort of the modeling community, the ILAMB (International Land Model Benchmarking) project, is to compile robust observations that can be used to improve the accuracy and realism of the land models for all major biomes. Our goal with this paper is to identify field observations of tropical-forest ecosystem C stocks and fluxes, and of their long-term trends and climatic and CO2 sensitivities, that can serve this effort. We propose criteria for reference-level field data from this biome and present a set of documented examples from old-growth lowland tropical forests. As a result, we offer these as a starting point towards the goal of a regularly updated consensus set of benchmark field observations of C cycling in tropical forests.},
doi = {10.5194/bg-14-4663-2017},
journal = {Biogeosciences (Online)},
number = 20,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.5194/bg-14-4663-2017

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Cited by: 4 works
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