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Title: Transition of Femtosecond-Filament-Solid Interactions from Single to Multiple Filament Regime

Abstract

High-peak-power fs-laser filaments offer unique characteristics attractive to remote sensing via techniques such as remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (R-LIBS). The dynamics of several ablation mechanisms following the interaction between a filament and a solid determines the emission strength and reproducibility of target plasma, which is of relevance for R-LIBS applications. Here, we investigate the space- and time-resolved dynamics of ionic and atomic emission from copper as well as the surrounding atmosphere in order to understand limitations of fs-filament-ablation for standoff energy delivery. Furthermore, we probe the shock front produced from filament-target interaction using time-resolved shadowgraphy and infer laser-material coupling efficiencies for both single and multiple filament regimes through analysis of shock expansion with the Sedov model for point detonation. The results provide insight into plasma structure for the range of peak powers up to 30 times the critical power for filamentation P cr. Despite the stochastic nucleation of multiple filaments at peak-powers greater than 16 P cr, emission of ionic and neutral species increases with pump beam intensity, and short-lived nitrogen emission originating from the ambient is consistently observed. Ultimately, results suggest favorable scaling of emission intensity from target species on the laser pump energy, furthering the prospects for usemore » of filament-solid interactions for remote sensing.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences; Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Center for Ultrafast Optical Science
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE NA Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development (NA-22); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1454792
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002534
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Skrodzki, P. J., Burger, M., and Jovanovic, I. Transition of Femtosecond-Filament-Solid Interactions from Single to Multiple Filament Regime. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-13188-4.
Skrodzki, P. J., Burger, M., & Jovanovic, I. Transition of Femtosecond-Filament-Solid Interactions from Single to Multiple Filament Regime. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-13188-4.
Skrodzki, P. J., Burger, M., and Jovanovic, I. Fri . "Transition of Femtosecond-Filament-Solid Interactions from Single to Multiple Filament Regime". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-13188-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1454792.
@article{osti_1454792,
title = {Transition of Femtosecond-Filament-Solid Interactions from Single to Multiple Filament Regime},
author = {Skrodzki, P. J. and Burger, M. and Jovanovic, I.},
abstractNote = {High-peak-power fs-laser filaments offer unique characteristics attractive to remote sensing via techniques such as remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (R-LIBS). The dynamics of several ablation mechanisms following the interaction between a filament and a solid determines the emission strength and reproducibility of target plasma, which is of relevance for R-LIBS applications. Here, we investigate the space- and time-resolved dynamics of ionic and atomic emission from copper as well as the surrounding atmosphere in order to understand limitations of fs-filament-ablation for standoff energy delivery. Furthermore, we probe the shock front produced from filament-target interaction using time-resolved shadowgraphy and infer laser-material coupling efficiencies for both single and multiple filament regimes through analysis of shock expansion with the Sedov model for point detonation. The results provide insight into plasma structure for the range of peak powers up to 30 times the critical power for filamentation Pcr. Despite the stochastic nucleation of multiple filaments at peak-powers greater than 16 Pcr, emission of ionic and neutral species increases with pump beam intensity, and short-lived nitrogen emission originating from the ambient is consistently observed. Ultimately, results suggest favorable scaling of emission intensity from target species on the laser pump energy, furthering the prospects for use of filament-solid interactions for remote sensing.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-13188-4},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 4 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Initial detonation energy obtained from the predictive Sedov model. Focusing using an ordinary lens, resulting in random filament distribution in the multiple filament regime, is compared to focusing using a split lens, allowing induced multiple filament formation.

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Spherical expansion of the vapor plume into ambient gas: an analytical model
    journal, December 1999

    • Arnold, N.; Gruber, J.; Heitz, J.
    • Applied Physics A Materials Science & Processing, Vol. 69, Issue S1
    • DOI: 10.1007/s003399900183

    Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses
    journal, January 2005


    Comparison between geometrically focused pulses versus filaments in femtosecond laser ablation of steel and titanium alloys
    journal, December 2013


    The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air
    journal, December 2000

    • Kasparian, J.; Sauerbrey, R.; Chin, S. L.
    • Applied Physics B, Vol. 71, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1007/s003400000463

    Reflectivity of metals at high temperatures heated by pulsed laser
    journal, May 1977


    Femtosecond laser ablation of copper at high laser fluence: Modeling and experimental comparison
    journal, January 2016


    Laser ablation for analytical sampling: what can we learn from modeling?
    journal, November 2003

    • Bogaerts, Annemie; Chen, Zhaoyang; Gijbels, Renaat
    • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 58, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2003.08.004

    Filament-induced remote surface ablation for long range laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy operation
    journal, August 2005

    • Rohwetter, Ph.; Stelmaszczyk, K.; Wöste, L.
    • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 60, Issue 7-8
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2005.03.017

    Effect of laser parameters on laser ablation and laser-induced plasma formation: A numerical modeling investigation
    journal, October 2005

    • Bogaerts, Annemie; Chen, Zhaoyang
    • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 60, Issue 9-10
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2005.06.009

    Efficient non-gated remote filament-induced breakdown spectroscopy of metallic sample
    journal, January 2007

    • Liu, W.; Xu, H. L.; Méjean, G.
    • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 62, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2007.01.001

    Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy in open-path configuration for the analysis of distant objects
    journal, August 2007

    • Sallé, B.; Mauchien, P.; Maurice, S.
    • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 62, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2007.07.001

    Ultrashort pulse laser ablation of dielectrics: Thresholds, mechanisms, role of breakdown
    journal, December 2016

    • Mirza, Inam; Bulgakova, Nadezhda M.; Tomáštík, Jan
    • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/srep39133

    Standoff Detection of Uranium and its Isotopes by Femtosecond Filament Laser Ablation Molecular Isotopic Spectrometry
    journal, March 2017

    • Hartig, Kyle C.; Ghebregziabher, Isaac; Jovanovic, Igor
    • Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/srep43852

    Laser ablation of copper in different background gases: comparative study by numerical modeling and experiments
    journal, January 2006

    • Bogaerts, Annemie; Chen, Zhaoyang; Bleiner, Davide
    • Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, Vol. 21, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1039/b514313f

    Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds
    journal, July 2003

    • Courvoisier, François; Boutou, Véronique; Kasparian, Jérôme
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 83, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1592615

    Longitudinal compression of short laser pulses in air
    journal, May 2004

    • Alexeev, I.; Ting, A.; Gordon, D. F.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 84, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1753051

    Phase explosion in atmospheric pressure infrared laser ablation from water-rich targets
    journal, July 2006

    • Chen, Zhaoyang; Bogaerts, Annemie; Vertes, Akos
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2243961

    Understanding the advantage of remote femtosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of metallic targets
    journal, February 2007

    • Xu, H. L.; Bernhardt, J.; Mathieu, P.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 101, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2437580

    Femtosecond pulsed laser ablation dynamics and ablation morphology of nickel based superalloy CMSX-4
    journal, May 2008

    • McDonald, Joel P.; Ma, Shuwei; Pollock, Tresa M.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 103, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2917418

    Backward growth of plasma induced by long nanosecond laser pulse ablation
    journal, August 2011

    • Zhou, Yun; Tao, Sha; Wu, Benxin
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 99, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3621855

    Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide
    journal, July 2012

    • Weidman, Matthew; Lim, Khan; Ramme, Mark
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 101, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4734497

    Efficient second- and third-harmonic radiation generation from relativistic laser-plasma interactions
    journal, June 2015

    • Singh, Mamta; Gupta, D. N.; Suk, H.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4922435

    Shock wave and material vapour plume propagation during excimer laser ablation of aluminium samples
    journal, September 1999


    Re-evaluation of the W value for electrons in dry air
    journal, February 1987


    Time Resolved Shadowgraph Images of Silicon during Laser Ablation: Shockwaves and Particle Generation
    journal, April 2007


    Interaction of a single laser filament with a single water droplet
    journal, April 2015


    Non-linear effects accompanying terawatt laser-pulse in air and their applications
    conference, February 2012

    • Stelmaszczyk, Kamil; Rohwetter, Philipp; Ackermann, Roland
    • SPIE Proceedings
    • DOI: 10.1117/12.675772

    White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis
    journal, July 2003


    Role of spectroscopic diagnostics in studying nanosecond laser-plasma interaction
    journal, May 2017


    Femtosecond Laser Filamentation for Atmospheric Sensing
    journal, December 2010


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.