skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Effect of Vinylene Carbonate and Fluoroethylene Carbonate on SEI Formation on Graphitic Anodes in Li-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Binder free (BF) graphite electrodes were utilized to investigate the effect of electrolyte additives fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) and vinylene carbonate (VC) on the structure of the solid electrolyte interface (SEI). The structure of the SEI has been investigated via ex-situ surface analysis including X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Hard XPS (HAXPES), Infrared spectroscopy (IR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The components of the SEI have been further investigated via nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of D2O extractions. The SEI generated on the BF-graphite anode with a standard electrolyte (1.2 M LiPF6 in ethylene carbonate (EC) / ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC), 3/7 (v/v)) is composed primarily of lithium alkyl carbonates (LAC) and LiF. Incorporation of VC (3% wt) results in the generation of a thinner SEI composed of Li2CO3, poly(VC), LAC, and LiF. Incorporation of VC inhibits the generation of LAC and LiF. Incorporation of FEC (3% wt) also results in the generation of a thinner SEI composed of Li2CO3, poly(FEC), LAC, and LiF. The concentration of poly(FEC) is lower than the concentration of poly(VC) and the generation of LAC is inhibited in the presence of FEC. The SEI appears to be a homogeneous film for all electrolytes investigated.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI (United States)
  2. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1454692
Grant/Contract Number:  
sc0007074
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 162; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Nie, Mengyun, Demeaux, Julien, Young, Benjamin T., Heskett, David R., Chen, Yanjing, Bose, Arijit, Woicik, Joseph C., and Lucht, Brett L. Effect of Vinylene Carbonate and Fluoroethylene Carbonate on SEI Formation on Graphitic Anodes in Li-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0021513jes.
Nie, Mengyun, Demeaux, Julien, Young, Benjamin T., Heskett, David R., Chen, Yanjing, Bose, Arijit, Woicik, Joseph C., & Lucht, Brett L. Effect of Vinylene Carbonate and Fluoroethylene Carbonate on SEI Formation on Graphitic Anodes in Li-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0021513jes.
Nie, Mengyun, Demeaux, Julien, Young, Benjamin T., Heskett, David R., Chen, Yanjing, Bose, Arijit, Woicik, Joseph C., and Lucht, Brett L. Thu . "Effect of Vinylene Carbonate and Fluoroethylene Carbonate on SEI Formation on Graphitic Anodes in Li-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0021513jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1454692.
@article{osti_1454692,
title = {Effect of Vinylene Carbonate and Fluoroethylene Carbonate on SEI Formation on Graphitic Anodes in Li-Ion Batteries},
author = {Nie, Mengyun and Demeaux, Julien and Young, Benjamin T. and Heskett, David R. and Chen, Yanjing and Bose, Arijit and Woicik, Joseph C. and Lucht, Brett L.},
abstractNote = {Binder free (BF) graphite electrodes were utilized to investigate the effect of electrolyte additives fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) and vinylene carbonate (VC) on the structure of the solid electrolyte interface (SEI). The structure of the SEI has been investigated via ex-situ surface analysis including X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Hard XPS (HAXPES), Infrared spectroscopy (IR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The components of the SEI have been further investigated via nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of D2O extractions. The SEI generated on the BF-graphite anode with a standard electrolyte (1.2 M LiPF6 in ethylene carbonate (EC) / ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC), 3/7 (v/v)) is composed primarily of lithium alkyl carbonates (LAC) and LiF. Incorporation of VC (3% wt) results in the generation of a thinner SEI composed of Li2CO3, poly(VC), LAC, and LiF. Incorporation of VC inhibits the generation of LAC and LiF. Incorporation of FEC (3% wt) also results in the generation of a thinner SEI composed of Li2CO3, poly(FEC), LAC, and LiF. The concentration of poly(FEC) is lower than the concentration of poly(VC) and the generation of LAC is inhibited in the presence of FEC. The SEI appears to be a homogeneous film for all electrolytes investigated.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0021513jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 13,
volume = 162,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 68 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Fluoroethylene carbonate electrolyte and its use in lithium ion batteries with graphite anodes
journal, September 1999


Studies on the Anode/Electrolyte Interfacein Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, April 2001

  • Winter, Martin; Appel, Wolfgang K.; Evers, Bernd
  • Monatshefte fuer Chemie/Chemical Monthly, Vol. 132, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s007060170110

A review of the features and analyses of the solid electrolyte interphase in Li-ion batteries
journal, September 2010


Understanding Solid Electrolyte Interface Film Formation on Graphite Electrodes
journal, January 2001

  • Zhang, Shengshui; Ding, Michael S.; Xu, Kang
  • Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 4, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1414946

Ageing mechanisms in lithium-ion batteries
journal, September 2005


In Situ Investigation of the Electrochemical Reduction of Carbonate Electrolyte Solutions at Graphite Electrodes
journal, January 1998

  • Imhof, Roman; Novák, Petr
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 145, Issue 4, p. 1081-1087
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1838420

Role of the LiPF 6 Salt for the Long-Term Stability of Silicon Electrodes in Li-Ion Batteries – A Photoelectron Spectroscopy Study
journal, January 2013

  • Philippe, Bertrand; Dedryvère, Rémi; Gorgoi, Mihaela
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm303399v

Nanosilicon Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Interfacial Mechanisms Studied by Hard and Soft X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
journal, February 2012

  • Philippe, Bertrand; Dedryvère, Rémi; Allouche, Joachim
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm2034195

The formation and stability of the solid electrolyte interface on the graphite anode
journal, December 2014


Additives-containing functional electrolytes for suppressing electrolyte decomposition in lithium-ion batteries
journal, October 2004


Silicon Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) of Lithium Ion Battery Characterized by Microscopy and Spectroscopy
journal, June 2013

  • Nie, Mengyun; Abraham, Daniel P.; Chen, Yanjing
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp404155y

Effect of Fluoroethylene Carbonate (FEC) on the Performance and Surface Chemistry of Si-Nanowire Li-Ion Battery Anodes
journal, December 2011

  • Etacheri, Vinodkumar; Haik, Ortal; Goffer, Yossi
  • Langmuir, Vol. 28, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/la203712s

The Effect of Vinylene Carbonate Additive on Surface Film Formation on Both Electrodes in Li-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2009

  • El Ouatani, L.; Dedryvère, R.; Siret, C.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 156, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.3029674

Challenges in the development of advanced Li-ion batteries: a review
journal, January 2011

  • Etacheri, Vinodkumar; Marom, Rotem; Elazari, Ran
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1ee01598b

Comparative Study of Fluoroethylene Carbonate and Vinylene Carbonate for Silicon Anodes in Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, January 2014

  • Nguyen, Cao Cuong; Lucht, Brett L.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 161, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0731412jes

Lithium-ion batteries. A look into the future
journal, January 2011

  • Scrosati, Bruno; Hassoun, Jusef; Sun, Yang-Kook
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1ee01388b

Nonaqueous Liquid Electrolytes for Lithium-Based Rechargeable Batteries
journal, October 2004


Electrolytes and Interphases in Li-Ion Batteries and Beyond
journal, October 2014


Surface film formation on TiSnSb electrodes: Impact of electrolyte additives
journal, December 2014


Electrical energy storage for transportation—approaching the limits of, and going beyond, lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2012

  • Thackeray, Michael M.; Wolverton, Christopher; Isaacs, Eric D.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 5, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2ee21892e

Lithium Ion Battery Graphite Solid Electrolyte Interphase Revealed by Microscopy and Spectroscopy
journal, January 2013

  • Nie, Mengyun; Chalasani, Dinesh; Abraham, Daniel P.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, Issue 3, p. 1257-1267
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp3118055

Role of 1,3-Propane Sultone and Vinylene Carbonate in Solid Electrolyte Interface Formation and Gas Generation
journal, May 2015

  • Zhang, Bo; Metzger, Michael; Solchenbach, Sophie
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 119, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b00072

Main aging mechanisms in Li ion batteries
journal, August 2005


Accelerating Rate Calorimetry Study on the Thermal Stability of Lithium Intercalated Graphite in Electrolyte. I. Experimental
journal, June 1999

  • Richard, M. N.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 146, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1391893

A Comparative Study of Vinylene Carbonate and Fluoroethylene Carbonate Additives for LiCoO 2 /Graphite Pouch Cells
journal, January 2014

  • Wang, David Yaohui; Sinha, N. N.; Burns, J. C.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 161, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.001404jes

Thermal Decomposition of LiPF[sub 6]-Based Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2005

  • Campion, Christopher L.; Li, Wentao; Lucht, Brett L.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 152, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2083267

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Simple Green Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of a New Fluorinated Carbonate as Additive for Lithium-Ion Batteries
    journal, April 2018

    • Beichel, Witali; Klose, Petra; Blattmann, Hannes
    • ChemElectroChem, Vol. 5, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1002/celc.201701079

    Fluor und Lithium: Ideale Partner für Elektrolyte in wiederaufladbaren Hochleistungsbatterien
    journal, July 2019

    • Aspern, N.; Röschenthaler, G. ‐V.; Winter, M.
    • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 131, Issue 45
    • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201901381