skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO 2 and implications for neutrinoless double- β decay experiments

Abstract

Flux-averaged cross sections for cosmogenic-neutron activation of natural tellurium were measured using a neutron beam containing neutrons of kinetic energies up to ~800 MeV, and having an energy spectrum similar to that of cosmic-ray neutrons at sea-level. Analysis of the radioisotopes produced reveals that 110mAg will be a dominant contributor to the cosmogenic-activation background in experiments searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 130Te, such as CUORE and SNO+. Here, an estimate of the cosmogenic-activation background in the CUORE experiment has been obtained using the results of this measurement and cross-section measurements of proton activation of tellurium. Additionally, the measured cross sections in this work are also compared with results from semi-empirical cross-section calculations.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  6. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Contributing Org.:
Nuclear Science and Security Consortium
OSTI Identifier:
1454510
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1213273
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0000979; AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0556-2813
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Wang, B. S., Norman, E. B., Scielzo, N. D., Smith, A. R., Thomas, K. J., and Wender, S. A. Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO2 and implications for neutrinoless double-β decay experiments. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.024620.
Wang, B. S., Norman, E. B., Scielzo, N. D., Smith, A. R., Thomas, K. J., & Wender, S. A. Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO2 and implications for neutrinoless double-β decay experiments. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.024620.
Wang, B. S., Norman, E. B., Scielzo, N. D., Smith, A. R., Thomas, K. J., and Wender, S. A. Thu . "Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO2 and implications for neutrinoless double-β decay experiments". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.024620. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1454510.
@article{osti_1454510,
title = {Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO2 and implications for neutrinoless double-β decay experiments},
author = {Wang, B. S. and Norman, E. B. and Scielzo, N. D. and Smith, A. R. and Thomas, K. J. and Wender, S. A.},
abstractNote = {Flux-averaged cross sections for cosmogenic-neutron activation of natural tellurium were measured using a neutron beam containing neutrons of kinetic energies up to ~800 MeV, and having an energy spectrum similar to that of cosmic-ray neutrons at sea-level. Analysis of the radioisotopes produced reveals that 110mAg will be a dominant contributor to the cosmogenic-activation background in experiments searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 130Te, such as CUORE and SNO+. Here, an estimate of the cosmogenic-activation background in the CUORE experiment has been obtained using the results of this measurement and cross-section measurements of proton activation of tellurium. Additionally, the measured cross sections in this work are also compared with results from semi-empirical cross-section calculations.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.92.024620},
journal = {Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics},
number = 2,
volume = 92,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 8 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay: a Brief Review
journal, April 2012


Double- β -decay Q values of Te 130 , Te 128 , and Te 120
journal, August 2009


A detailed investigation of HPGe detector response for improved Monte Carlo efficiency calculations
journal, March 2008

  • Boson, Jonas; Ågren, Göran; Johansson, Lennart
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 587, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.01.062

CUORE: a cryogenic underground observatory for rare events
journal, February 2004

  • Arnaboldi, C.; Avignone III, F. T.; Beeman, J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 518, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2003.07.067

Cosmic-Ray Production of 60Co in Double Beta-Decay Source Materials
journal, June 2005


A natural calibration source for determining germanium detector efficiencies
journal, October 1997

  • Perillo Isaac, M. C.; Hurley, D.; McDonald, R. J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 397, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(97)00754-7

Double-beta decay Q values of 116Cd and 130Te
journal, September 2011


The use of Monte Carlo calculations in the determination of a Ge detector efficiency curve
journal, October 2003

  • Helmer, R. G.; Hardy, J. C.; Iacob, V. E.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 511, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01942-9

Neutrino-Less Double beta Decay and Particle Physics
journal, September 2011


Measurements of proton-induced radionuclide production cross sections to evaluate cosmic-ray activation of tellurium
journal, January 2013

  • Barghouty, A. F.; Brofferio, C.; Capelli, S.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 295
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2012.10.008

Cosmic-Ray Neutron Energy Spectrum
journal, October 1959

  • Hess, Wilmot N.; Patterson, H. Wade; Wallace, Roger
  • Physical Review, Vol. 116, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRev.116.445

Double beta decay, Majorana neutrinos, and neutrino mass
journal, April 2008

  • Avignone, Frank T.; Elliott, Steven R.; Engel, Jonathan
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 80, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.80.481

Partial Cross-Sections in High-Energy Nuclear Reactions, and Astrophysical Applications. I. Targets WITh Z <= 28. II. Targets Heavier than Nickel
journal, April 1973

  • Silberberg, R.; Tsao, C. H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 25
  • DOI: 10.1086/190271

CEM03 and LAQGSM03—new modeling tools for nuclear applications
journal, May 2006


New precompound decay model
journal, September 1996


Low background counting at the LBNL low background facility
conference, January 2013

  • Thomas, K. J.; Smith, A. R.; Chan, Y. D.
  • LOW RADIOACTIVITY TECHNIQUES 2013 (LRT 2013): Proceedings of the IV International Workshop in Low Radioactivity Techniques, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4818067

A fission ionization detector for neutron flux measurements at a spallation source
journal, November 1993

  • Wender, S. A.; Balestrini, S.; Brown, A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 336, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(93)91102-S

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with SNO+
journal, July 2012


Study on the increase of inactive germanium layer in a high-purity germanium detector after a long time operation applying MCNP code
journal, April 2007

  • Huy, N. Q.; Binh, D. Q.; An, V. X.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 573, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.12.048

Geant4 developments and applications
journal, February 2006

  • Allison, J.; Amako, K.; Apostolakis, J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 53, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2006.869826

Updated Partial Cross Sections of Proton‐Nucleus Reactions
journal, July 1998

  • Silberberg, R.; Tsao, C. H.; Barghouty, A. F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 501, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/305862

ACTIVIA: Calculation of isotope production cross-sections and yields
journal, February 2008

  • Back, J. J.; Ramachers, Y. A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 586, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2007.12.008

Low-Radioactivity Background Techniques
journal, December 1995


Efficiency calculation and coincidence summing correction for germanium detectors by Monte Carlo simulation
journal, August 2002

  • Zhonglu Wang, ; Kahn, B.; Valentine, J. D.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 49, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2002.801679

Cosmogenic activation in germanium double beta decay experiments
journal, May 2006


Cosmogenic activation of a natural tellurium target
journal, February 2015


Measurement of the flux and energy spectrum of cosmic-ray induced neutrons on the ground
journal, December 2004

  • Gordon, M. S.; Goldhagen, P.; Rodbell, K. P.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 51, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2004.839134

Geant4—a simulation toolkit
journal, July 2003

  • Agostinelli, S.; Allison, J.; Amako, K.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 506, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Fast-neutron activation of long-lived isotopes in enriched Ge
journal, November 2010


The energy spectrum of cosmic-ray induced neutrons measured on an airplane over a wide range of altitude and latitude
journal, August 2004

  • Goldhagen, P.; Clem, J. M.; Wilson, J. W.
  • Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Vol. 110, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1093/rpd/nch216

Double- β transformations in isobaric triplets with mass numbers A = 124 , 130, and 136
journal, October 2012


Masses of Te 130 and Xe 130 and Double- β -Decay Q Value of Te 130
journal, May 2009


Radioisotope yields from 1.85-GeV protons on Mo and 1.85- and 5.0-GeV protons on Te
journal, February 1997

  • Bardayan, D. W.; da Cruz, M. T. F.; Hindi, M. M.
  • Physical Review C, Vol. 55, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.55.820

Muon “depth-intensity” relation measured by the LVD underground experiment and cosmic-ray muon spectrum at sea level
journal, October 1998


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    CUORE sensitivity to $$0\nu \beta \beta $$ 0 ν β β decay
    journal, August 2017


    Cosmogenic activation of materials
    journal, October 2017


    Low background techniques in bolometers for double-beta decay search
    journal, October 2017


    CUORE sensitivity to $$0\nu \beta \beta $$ 0 ν β β decay
    journal, August 2017


    Cosmogenic activation of materials
    journal, October 2017


    Low background techniques in bolometers for double-beta decay search
    journal, October 2017


    CUORE-0 detector: design, construction and operation
    journal, July 2016


    Analysis techniques for the evaluation of the neutrinoless double- β decay lifetime in Te 130 with the CUORE-0 detector
    journal, April 2016


    Measurement of the two-neutrino double-beta decay half-life of $$^{130}$$ 130 Te with the CUORE-0 experiment
    journal, January 2017


    The projected background for the CUORE experiment
    journal, August 2017