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Title: Field-induced polarization rotation and phase transitions in 0.70 Pb ( M g 1 / 3 N b 2 / 3 ) O 3 0.30 PbTi O 3 piezoceramics observed by in situ high-energy x-ray scattering

Changes to the crystal structure of 0.70Pb(Mg 1/3Nb 2/3)O 3–0.30PbTiO 3 (PMN-0.30PT) piezoceramic under application of electric fields at the long-range and local scale are revealed by in situ high-energy x-ray diffraction (XRD) and pair-distribution function (PDF) analyses, respectively. The crystal structure of unpoled samples is identified as monoclinic Cm at both the long-range and local scale. In situ XRD results suggest that field-induced polarization rotation and phase transitions occur at specific field strengths. A polarization rotation pathway is proposed based on the Bragg-peak behaviors and the Le Bail fitting results of the in situ XRD patterns. The PDF results show systematic changes to the structures at the local scale, which is in agreement with the changes inferred from the in situ XRD study. More importantly, our results prove that polarization rotation can be detected and determined in a polycrystalline relaxor ferroelectric. Furthermore, this study supports the idea that multiple contributions, specifically ferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition and polarization rotation, are responsible for the high piezoelectric properties at the morphotropic phase boundary of PMN-xPT piezoceramics.
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
  2. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia)
  4. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1454384
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1441247

Hou, Dong, Usher, Tedi -Marie, Fulanovic, Lovro, Vrabelj, Marko, Otonicar, Mojca, Ursic, Hana, Malic, Barbara, Levin, Igor, and Jones, Jacob L. Field-induced polarization rotation and phase transitions in 0.70Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.30PbTiO3 piezoceramics observed by in situ high-energy x-ray scattering. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.214102.
Hou, Dong, Usher, Tedi -Marie, Fulanovic, Lovro, Vrabelj, Marko, Otonicar, Mojca, Ursic, Hana, Malic, Barbara, Levin, Igor, & Jones, Jacob L. Field-induced polarization rotation and phase transitions in 0.70Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.30PbTiO3 piezoceramics observed by in situ high-energy x-ray scattering. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.214102.
Hou, Dong, Usher, Tedi -Marie, Fulanovic, Lovro, Vrabelj, Marko, Otonicar, Mojca, Ursic, Hana, Malic, Barbara, Levin, Igor, and Jones, Jacob L. 2018. "Field-induced polarization rotation and phase transitions in 0.70Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.30PbTiO3 piezoceramics observed by in situ high-energy x-ray scattering". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.214102.
@article{osti_1454384,
title = {Field-induced polarization rotation and phase transitions in 0.70Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.30PbTiO3 piezoceramics observed by in situ high-energy x-ray scattering},
author = {Hou, Dong and Usher, Tedi -Marie and Fulanovic, Lovro and Vrabelj, Marko and Otonicar, Mojca and Ursic, Hana and Malic, Barbara and Levin, Igor and Jones, Jacob L.},
abstractNote = {Changes to the crystal structure of 0.70Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.30PbTiO3 (PMN-0.30PT) piezoceramic under application of electric fields at the long-range and local scale are revealed by in situ high-energy x-ray diffraction (XRD) and pair-distribution function (PDF) analyses, respectively. The crystal structure of unpoled samples is identified as monoclinic Cm at both the long-range and local scale. In situ XRD results suggest that field-induced polarization rotation and phase transitions occur at specific field strengths. A polarization rotation pathway is proposed based on the Bragg-peak behaviors and the Le Bail fitting results of the in situ XRD patterns. The PDF results show systematic changes to the structures at the local scale, which is in agreement with the changes inferred from the in situ XRD study. More importantly, our results prove that polarization rotation can be detected and determined in a polycrystalline relaxor ferroelectric. Furthermore, this study supports the idea that multiple contributions, specifically ferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition and polarization rotation, are responsible for the high piezoelectric properties at the morphotropic phase boundary of PMN-xPT piezoceramics.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.97.214102},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 21,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Rapid-acquisition pair distribution function (RA-PDF) analysis
journal, November 2003
  • Chupas, Peter J.; Qiu, Xiangyun; Hanson, Jonathan C.
  • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 36, Issue 6, p. 1342-1347
  • DOI: 10.1107/S0021889803017564