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Title: Search for active-sterile neutrino mixing using neutral-current interactions in NOvA

Abstract

Here, we report results from the first search for sterile neutrinos mixing with active neutrinos through a reduction in the rate of neutral-current interactions over a baseline of 810 km between the NOvA detectors. Analyzing a 14-kton detector equivalent exposure of 6.05 × 10 20 protons-on-target in the NuMI beam at Fermilab, we observe 95 neutral-current candidates at the Far Detector compared with 83.5 ± 9.7(stat) ± 9.4(syst) events predicted assuming mixing only occurs between active neutrino species. No evidence for νμ→νs transitions is found. Interpreting these results within a 3+1 model, we place constraints on the mixing angles θ 24 < 20.8° and θ 34 < 31.2° at the 90% C.L. for 0.05 eV 2 ≤ Δm 41 2 ≤ 0.5 eV 2, the range of mass splittings that produce no significant oscillations over the Near Detector baseline.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
The NOvA Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1452787
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1405549
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-198-ND; arXiv:1706.04592
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 1605130; TRN: US1900982
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Ambrose, D., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Arrieta-Diaz, E., Augsten, K., Aurisano, A., Backhouse, C., Baird, M., Bambah, B. A., Bays, K., Behera, B., Bending, S., Bernstein, R., Bhatnagar, V., Bhuyan, B., Bian, J., Blackburn, T., Bolshakova, A., Bromberg, C., Brown, J., Brunetti, G., Buchanan, N., Butkevich, A., Bychkov, V., Campbell, M., Catano-Mur, E., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Chowdhury, B., Coan, T. E., Coelho, J. A. B., Colo, M., Cooper, J., Corwin, L., Cremonesi, L., Cronin-Hennessy, D., Davies, G. S., Davies, J. P., Derwent, P. F., Dharmapalan, R., Ding, P., Djurcic, Z., Dukes, E. C., Duyang, H., Edayath, S., Ehrlich, R., Feldman, G. J., Frank, M. J., Gabrielyan, M., Gallagher, H. R., Germani, S., Ghosh, T., Giri, A., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Grichine, V., Groh, M., Group, R., Grover, D., Guo, B., Habig, A., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hatzikoutelis, A., Heller, K., Himmel, A., Holin, A., Howard, B., Hylen, J., Jediny, F., Judah, M., Kafka, G. K., Kalra, D., Kasahara, S. M. S., Kasetti, S., Keloth, R., Kolupaeva, L., Kotelnikov, S., Kourbanis, I., Kreymer, A., Kumar, A., Kurbanov, S., Lackey, T., Lang, K., Lee, W. M., Lin, S., Lokajicek, M., Lozier, J., Luchuk, S., Maan, K., Magill, S., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Matera, K., Matveev, V., Méndez, D. P., Messier, M. D., Meyer, H., Miao, T., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Mohanta, R., Moren, A., Mualem, L., Muether, M., Mufson, S., Murphy, R., Musser, J., Nelson, J. K., Nichol, R., Niner, E., Norman, A., Nosek, T., Oksuzian, Y., Olshevskiy, A., Olson, T., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Pershey, D., Petrova, O., Petti, R., Phan-Budd, S., Plunkett, R. K., Poling, R., Potukuchi, B., Principato, C., Psihas, F., Radovic, A., Rameika, R. A., Rebel, B., Reed, B., Rocco, D., Rojas, P., Ryabov, V., Sachdev, K., Sail, P., Samoylov, O., Sanchez, M. C., Schroeter, R., Sepulveda-Quiroz, J., Shanahan, P., Sheshukov, A., Singh, J., Singh, J., Singh, P., Singh, V., Smolik, J., Solomey, N., Song, E., Sousa, A., Soustruznik, K., Strait, M., Suter, L., Talaga, R. L., Tas, P., Thayyullathil, R. B., Thomas, J., Tian, X., Tognini, S. C., Tripathi, J., Tsaris, A., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vasel, J., Vinton, L., Vold, A., Vrba, T., Wang, B., Wetstein, M., Whittington, D., Wojcicki, S. G., Wolcott, J., Yadav, N., Yang, S., Zalesak, J., Zamorano, B., and Zwaska, R. Search for active-sterile neutrino mixing using neutral-current interactions in NOvA. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.072006.
Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Ambrose, D., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Arrieta-Diaz, E., Augsten, K., Aurisano, A., Backhouse, C., Baird, M., Bambah, B. A., Bays, K., Behera, B., Bending, S., Bernstein, R., Bhatnagar, V., Bhuyan, B., Bian, J., Blackburn, T., Bolshakova, A., Bromberg, C., Brown, J., Brunetti, G., Buchanan, N., Butkevich, A., Bychkov, V., Campbell, M., Catano-Mur, E., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Chowdhury, B., Coan, T. E., Coelho, J. A. B., Colo, M., Cooper, J., Corwin, L., Cremonesi, L., Cronin-Hennessy, D., Davies, G. S., Davies, J. P., Derwent, P. F., Dharmapalan, R., Ding, P., Djurcic, Z., Dukes, E. C., Duyang, H., Edayath, S., Ehrlich, R., Feldman, G. J., Frank, M. J., Gabrielyan, M., Gallagher, H. R., Germani, S., Ghosh, T., Giri, A., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Grichine, V., Groh, M., Group, R., Grover, D., Guo, B., Habig, A., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hatzikoutelis, A., Heller, K., Himmel, A., Holin, A., Howard, B., Hylen, J., Jediny, F., Judah, M., Kafka, G. K., Kalra, D., Kasahara, S. M. S., Kasetti, S., Keloth, R., Kolupaeva, L., Kotelnikov, S., Kourbanis, I., Kreymer, A., Kumar, A., Kurbanov, S., Lackey, T., Lang, K., Lee, W. M., Lin, S., Lokajicek, M., Lozier, J., Luchuk, S., Maan, K., Magill, S., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Matera, K., Matveev, V., Méndez, D. P., Messier, M. D., Meyer, H., Miao, T., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Mohanta, R., Moren, A., Mualem, L., Muether, M., Mufson, S., Murphy, R., Musser, J., Nelson, J. K., Nichol, R., Niner, E., Norman, A., Nosek, T., Oksuzian, Y., Olshevskiy, A., Olson, T., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Pershey, D., Petrova, O., Petti, R., Phan-Budd, S., Plunkett, R. K., Poling, R., Potukuchi, B., Principato, C., Psihas, F., Radovic, A., Rameika, R. A., Rebel, B., Reed, B., Rocco, D., Rojas, P., Ryabov, V., Sachdev, K., Sail, P., Samoylov, O., Sanchez, M. C., Schroeter, R., Sepulveda-Quiroz, J., Shanahan, P., Sheshukov, A., Singh, J., Singh, J., Singh, P., Singh, V., Smolik, J., Solomey, N., Song, E., Sousa, A., Soustruznik, K., Strait, M., Suter, L., Talaga, R. L., Tas, P., Thayyullathil, R. B., Thomas, J., Tian, X., Tognini, S. C., Tripathi, J., Tsaris, A., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vasel, J., Vinton, L., Vold, A., Vrba, T., Wang, B., Wetstein, M., Whittington, D., Wojcicki, S. G., Wolcott, J., Yadav, N., Yang, S., Zalesak, J., Zamorano, B., & Zwaska, R. Search for active-sterile neutrino mixing using neutral-current interactions in NOvA. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.072006.
Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Ambrose, D., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Arrieta-Diaz, E., Augsten, K., Aurisano, A., Backhouse, C., Baird, M., Bambah, B. A., Bays, K., Behera, B., Bending, S., Bernstein, R., Bhatnagar, V., Bhuyan, B., Bian, J., Blackburn, T., Bolshakova, A., Bromberg, C., Brown, J., Brunetti, G., Buchanan, N., Butkevich, A., Bychkov, V., Campbell, M., Catano-Mur, E., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Chowdhury, B., Coan, T. E., Coelho, J. A. B., Colo, M., Cooper, J., Corwin, L., Cremonesi, L., Cronin-Hennessy, D., Davies, G. S., Davies, J. P., Derwent, P. F., Dharmapalan, R., Ding, P., Djurcic, Z., Dukes, E. C., Duyang, H., Edayath, S., Ehrlich, R., Feldman, G. J., Frank, M. J., Gabrielyan, M., Gallagher, H. R., Germani, S., Ghosh, T., Giri, A., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Grichine, V., Groh, M., Group, R., Grover, D., Guo, B., Habig, A., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hatzikoutelis, A., Heller, K., Himmel, A., Holin, A., Howard, B., Hylen, J., Jediny, F., Judah, M., Kafka, G. K., Kalra, D., Kasahara, S. M. S., Kasetti, S., Keloth, R., Kolupaeva, L., Kotelnikov, S., Kourbanis, I., Kreymer, A., Kumar, A., Kurbanov, S., Lackey, T., Lang, K., Lee, W. M., Lin, S., Lokajicek, M., Lozier, J., Luchuk, S., Maan, K., Magill, S., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Matera, K., Matveev, V., Méndez, D. P., Messier, M. D., Meyer, H., Miao, T., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Mohanta, R., Moren, A., Mualem, L., Muether, M., Mufson, S., Murphy, R., Musser, J., Nelson, J. K., Nichol, R., Niner, E., Norman, A., Nosek, T., Oksuzian, Y., Olshevskiy, A., Olson, T., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Pershey, D., Petrova, O., Petti, R., Phan-Budd, S., Plunkett, R. K., Poling, R., Potukuchi, B., Principato, C., Psihas, F., Radovic, A., Rameika, R. A., Rebel, B., Reed, B., Rocco, D., Rojas, P., Ryabov, V., Sachdev, K., Sail, P., Samoylov, O., Sanchez, M. C., Schroeter, R., Sepulveda-Quiroz, J., Shanahan, P., Sheshukov, A., Singh, J., Singh, J., Singh, P., Singh, V., Smolik, J., Solomey, N., Song, E., Sousa, A., Soustruznik, K., Strait, M., Suter, L., Talaga, R. L., Tas, P., Thayyullathil, R. B., Thomas, J., Tian, X., Tognini, S. C., Tripathi, J., Tsaris, A., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vasel, J., Vinton, L., Vold, A., Vrba, T., Wang, B., Wetstein, M., Whittington, D., Wojcicki, S. G., Wolcott, J., Yadav, N., Yang, S., Zalesak, J., Zamorano, B., and Zwaska, R. Mon . "Search for active-sterile neutrino mixing using neutral-current interactions in NOvA". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.072006. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1452787.
@article{osti_1452787,
title = {Search for active-sterile neutrino mixing using neutral-current interactions in NOvA},
author = {Adamson, P. and Aliaga, L. and Ambrose, D. and Anfimov, N. and Antoshkin, A. and Arrieta-Diaz, E. and Augsten, K. and Aurisano, A. and Backhouse, C. and Baird, M. and Bambah, B. A. and Bays, K. and Behera, B. and Bending, S. and Bernstein, R. and Bhatnagar, V. and Bhuyan, B. and Bian, J. and Blackburn, T. and Bolshakova, A. and Bromberg, C. and Brown, J. and Brunetti, G. and Buchanan, N. and Butkevich, A. and Bychkov, V. and Campbell, M. and Catano-Mur, E. and Childress, S. and Choudhary, B. C. and Chowdhury, B. and Coan, T. E. and Coelho, J. A. B. and Colo, M. and Cooper, J. and Corwin, L. and Cremonesi, L. and Cronin-Hennessy, D. and Davies, G. S. and Davies, J. P. and Derwent, P. F. and Dharmapalan, R. and Ding, P. and Djurcic, Z. and Dukes, E. C. and Duyang, H. and Edayath, S. and Ehrlich, R. and Feldman, G. J. and Frank, M. J. and Gabrielyan, M. and Gallagher, H. R. and Germani, S. and Ghosh, T. and Giri, A. and Gomes, R. A. and Goodman, M. C. and Grichine, V. and Groh, M. and Group, R. and Grover, D. and Guo, B. and Habig, A. and Hartnell, J. and Hatcher, R. and Hatzikoutelis, A. and Heller, K. and Himmel, A. and Holin, A. and Howard, B. and Hylen, J. and Jediny, F. and Judah, M. and Kafka, G. K. and Kalra, D. and Kasahara, S. M. S. and Kasetti, S. and Keloth, R. and Kolupaeva, L. and Kotelnikov, S. and Kourbanis, I. and Kreymer, A. and Kumar, A. and Kurbanov, S. and Lackey, T. and Lang, K. and Lee, W. M. and Lin, S. and Lokajicek, M. and Lozier, J. and Luchuk, S. and Maan, K. and Magill, S. and Mann, W. A. and Marshak, M. L. and Matera, K. and Matveev, V. and Méndez, D. P. and Messier, M. D. and Meyer, H. and Miao, T. and Miller, W. H. and Mishra, S. R. and Mohanta, R. and Moren, A. and Mualem, L. and Muether, M. and Mufson, S. and Murphy, R. and Musser, J. and Nelson, J. K. and Nichol, R. and Niner, E. and Norman, A. and Nosek, T. and Oksuzian, Y. and Olshevskiy, A. and Olson, T. and Paley, J. and Patterson, R. B. and Pawloski, G. and Pershey, D. and Petrova, O. and Petti, R. and Phan-Budd, S. and Plunkett, R. K. and Poling, R. and Potukuchi, B. and Principato, C. and Psihas, F. and Radovic, A. and Rameika, R. A. and Rebel, B. and Reed, B. and Rocco, D. and Rojas, P. and Ryabov, V. and Sachdev, K. and Sail, P. and Samoylov, O. and Sanchez, M. C. and Schroeter, R. and Sepulveda-Quiroz, J. and Shanahan, P. and Sheshukov, A. and Singh, J. and Singh, J. and Singh, P. and Singh, V. and Smolik, J. and Solomey, N. and Song, E. and Sousa, A. and Soustruznik, K. and Strait, M. and Suter, L. and Talaga, R. L. and Tas, P. and Thayyullathil, R. B. and Thomas, J. and Tian, X. and Tognini, S. C. and Tripathi, J. and Tsaris, A. and Urheim, J. and Vahle, P. and Vasel, J. and Vinton, L. and Vold, A. and Vrba, T. and Wang, B. and Wetstein, M. and Whittington, D. and Wojcicki, S. G. and Wolcott, J. and Yadav, N. and Yang, S. and Zalesak, J. and Zamorano, B. and Zwaska, R.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report results from the first search for sterile neutrinos mixing with active neutrinos through a reduction in the rate of neutral-current interactions over a baseline of 810 km between the NOvA detectors. Analyzing a 14-kton detector equivalent exposure of 6.05 × 1020 protons-on-target in the NuMI beam at Fermilab, we observe 95 neutral-current candidates at the Far Detector compared with 83.5 ± 9.7(stat) ± 9.4(syst) events predicted assuming mixing only occurs between active neutrino species. No evidence for νμ→νs transitions is found. Interpreting these results within a 3+1 model, we place constraints on the mixing angles θ24 < 20.8° and θ34 < 31.2° at the 90% C.L. for 0.05 eV2 ≤ Δm412 ≤ 0.5 eV2, the range of mass splittings that produce no significant oscillations over the Near Detector baseline.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.96.072006},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 7,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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FIG. 1 FIG. 1: The CVN NC classifier for ND data and simulation. The beam-induced backgrounds are $ν_μ$ CC and $ν_e$ CC events originating both internally and externally to the detector.

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