skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Predicting the mineral composition of dust aerosols – Part 1: Representing key processes

Abstract

Soil dust aerosols created by wind erosion are typically assigned globally uniform physical and chemical properties within Earth system models, despite known regional variations in the mineral content of the parent soil. Mineral composition of the aerosol particles is important to their interaction with climate, including shortwave absorption and radiative forcing, nucleation of cloud droplets and ice crystals, heterogeneous formation of sulfates and nitrates, and atmospheric processing of iron into bioavailable forms that increase the productivity of marine phytoplankton. Here, aerosol mineral composition is derived by extending a method that provides the composition of a wet-sieved soil. The extension accounts for measurements showing significant differences between the mineral fractions of the wet-sieved soil and the emitted aerosol concentration. For example, some phyllosilicate aerosols are more prevalent at silt sizes, even though they are nearly absent at these diameters in a soil whose aggregates are dispersed by wet sieving. We calculate the emitted mass of each mineral with respect to size by accounting for the disintegration of soil aggregates during wet sieving. These aggregates are emitted during mobilization and fragmentation of the original undispersed soil that is subject to wind erosion. The emitted aggregates are carried far downwind from their parentmore » soil. The soil mineral fractions used to calculate the aggregates also include larger particles that are suspended only in the vicinity of the source. We calculate the emitted size distribution of these particles using a normalized distribution derived from aerosol measurements. In addition, a method is proposed for mixing minerals with small impurities composed of iron oxides. These mixtures are important for transporting iron far from the dust source, because pure iron oxides are more dense and vulnerable to gravitational removal than most minerals comprising dust aerosols. Finally, a limited comparison to measurements from North Africa shows that the model extensions result in better agreement, consistent with a more extensive comparison to global observations as well as measurements of elemental composition downwind of the Sahara, as described in companion articles.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics; NASA Goddard Inst. for Space Studies (GISS), New York, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1441392
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0006713
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 15; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Perlwitz, J. P., Perez Garcia-Pando, C., and Miller, R. L. Predicting the mineral composition of dust aerosols – Part 1: Representing key processes. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.5194/acp-15-11593-2015.
Perlwitz, J. P., Perez Garcia-Pando, C., & Miller, R. L. Predicting the mineral composition of dust aerosols – Part 1: Representing key processes. United States. doi:10.5194/acp-15-11593-2015.
Perlwitz, J. P., Perez Garcia-Pando, C., and Miller, R. L. Wed . "Predicting the mineral composition of dust aerosols – Part 1: Representing key processes". United States. doi:10.5194/acp-15-11593-2015. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1441392.
@article{osti_1441392,
title = {Predicting the mineral composition of dust aerosols – Part 1: Representing key processes},
author = {Perlwitz, J. P. and Perez Garcia-Pando, C. and Miller, R. L.},
abstractNote = {Soil dust aerosols created by wind erosion are typically assigned globally uniform physical and chemical properties within Earth system models, despite known regional variations in the mineral content of the parent soil. Mineral composition of the aerosol particles is important to their interaction with climate, including shortwave absorption and radiative forcing, nucleation of cloud droplets and ice crystals, heterogeneous formation of sulfates and nitrates, and atmospheric processing of iron into bioavailable forms that increase the productivity of marine phytoplankton. Here, aerosol mineral composition is derived by extending a method that provides the composition of a wet-sieved soil. The extension accounts for measurements showing significant differences between the mineral fractions of the wet-sieved soil and the emitted aerosol concentration. For example, some phyllosilicate aerosols are more prevalent at silt sizes, even though they are nearly absent at these diameters in a soil whose aggregates are dispersed by wet sieving. We calculate the emitted mass of each mineral with respect to size by accounting for the disintegration of soil aggregates during wet sieving. These aggregates are emitted during mobilization and fragmentation of the original undispersed soil that is subject to wind erosion. The emitted aggregates are carried far downwind from their parent soil. The soil mineral fractions used to calculate the aggregates also include larger particles that are suspended only in the vicinity of the source. We calculate the emitted size distribution of these particles using a normalized distribution derived from aerosol measurements. In addition, a method is proposed for mixing minerals with small impurities composed of iron oxides. These mixtures are important for transporting iron far from the dust source, because pure iron oxides are more dense and vulnerable to gravitational removal than most minerals comprising dust aerosols. Finally, a limited comparison to measurements from North Africa shows that the model extensions result in better agreement, consistent with a more extensive comparison to global observations as well as measurements of elemental composition downwind of the Sahara, as described in companion articles.},
doi = {10.5194/acp-15-11593-2015},
journal = {Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)},
number = 20,
volume = 15,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 35 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Characterisation of TSP and PM2.5 at Izaña and Sta. Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain) during a Saharan Dust Episode (July 2002)
journal, August 2005


Improved dust representation in the Community Atmosphere Model
journal, July 2014

  • Albani, S.; Mahowald, N. M.; Perry, A. T.
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000279

Modeling mineral aerosol production by wind erosion: Emission intensities and aerosol size distributions in source areas
journal, August 2001

  • Alfaro, Stéphane C.; Gomes, Laurent
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 106, Issue D16
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900339

The effect of source area and atmospheric transport on mineral aerosol collected over the North Pacific Ocean
journal, September 1998


The importance of feldspar for ice nucleation by mineral dust in mixed-phase clouds
journal, June 2013

  • Atkinson, James D.; Murray, Benjamin J.; Woodhouse, Matthew T.
  • Nature, Vol. 498, Issue 7454
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12278

Reevaluation of Mineral aerosol radiative forcings suggests a better agreement with satellite and AERONET data
journal, January 2007

  • Balkanski, Y.; Schulz, M.; Claquin, T.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-7-81-2007

Mineral dust and global tropospheric chemistry: Relative roles of photolysis and heterogeneous uptake: MINERAL DUST AND TROPOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
journal, November 2003

  • Bian, Huisheng; Zender, Charles S.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 108, Issue D21
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002JD003143

Tropospheric aerosol impacts on trace gas budgets through photolysis
journal, January 2003


Incorporating the effect of small-scale circulations upon dust emission in an atmospheric general circulation model
journal, January 2004


Constraining the magnitude of the global dust cycle by minimizing the difference between a model and observations
journal, January 2006

  • Cakmur, R. V.; Miller, R. L.; Perlwitz, J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue D6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JD005791

Saharan dust: Clay ratio as a relevant tracer to assess the origin of soil-derived aerosols
journal, April 1998

  • Caquineau, Sandrine; Gaudichet, Annie; Gomes, Laurent
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 25, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1029/98GL00569

Assessing the microped size distributions of desert soils erodible by wind
journal, October 1996


Heterogeneous Photochemistry of Trace Atmospheric Gases with Components of Mineral Dust Aerosol
journal, February 2011

  • Chen, Haihan; Navea, Juan G.; Young, Mark A.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 115, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp110164j

Dermally adhered soil: 2. Reconstruction of dry-sieve particle-size distributions from wet-sieve data: Dry-Sieve Soil Sizes from Wet-Sieve Data
journal, October 2006

  • Choate, LaDonna M.; Ranville, James F.; Bunge, Annette L.
  • Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/ieam.5630020410

Modeling the mineralogy of atmospheric dust sources
journal, September 1999

  • Claquin, T.; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 104, Issue D18
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999JD900416

Red-ox speciation and mixing state of iron in individual African dust particles: Fe IN AFRICAN DUST PARTICLES
journal, June 2012

  • Deboudt, Karine; Gloter, Alexandre; Mussi, Alexandre
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JD017298

African dust aerosols as atmospheric ice nuclei: AFRICAN DUST AEROSOLS AS ICE NUCLEI
journal, July 2003

  • DeMott, Paul J.; Sassen, Kenneth; Poellot, Michael R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003GL017410

Role of mineral aerosol as a reactive surface in the global troposphere
journal, October 1996

  • Dentener, Frank J.; Carmichael, Gregory R.; Zhang, Yang
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 101, Issue D17
  • DOI: 10.1029/96JD01818

Infrared characterization of water uptake by low-temperature Na-montmorillonite: Implications for Earth and Mars
journal, January 2005


The influence of wind velocity on the size distributions of aerosols generated by the wind erosion of soils
journal, September 1974

  • Gillette, Dale A.; Blifford, Irving H.; Fryrear, D. W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 79, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1029/JC079i027p04068

Sources and distributions of dust aerosols simulated with the GOCART model
journal, September 2001

  • Ginoux, Paul; Chin, Mian; Tegen, Ina
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 106, Issue D17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JD000053

Saharan aerosols over the tropical North Atlantic — Mineralogy
journal, September 1980


A laboratory study of the heterogeneous reaction of nitric acid on calcium carbonate particles
journal, December 2000

  • Goodman, A. L.; Underwood, G. M.; Grassian, V. H.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 105, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900396

Saltation Sandblasting behavior during mineral dust aerosol production: SALTATION SANDBLASTING BEHAVIOR
journal, September 2002

  • Grini, Alf; Zender, Charles S.; Colarco, Peter R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002GL015248

Water adsorption and cloud condensation nuclei activity of calcite and calcite coated with model humic and fulvic acids
journal, July 2008


Water adsorption constrained Frenkel–Halsey–Hill adsorption activation theory: Montmorillonite and illite
journal, April 2014


Heterogeneous ice nucleation on atmospheric aerosols: a review of results from laboratory experiments
journal, January 2012


The global influence of dust mineralogical composition on heterogeneous ice nucleation in mixed-phase clouds
journal, April 2008


Contrasting the Effect of Iron Mobilization on Soluble Iron Deposition to the Ocean in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres
journal, January 2012

  • Ito, Akinori
  • Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Vol. 90A, Issue 0
  • DOI: 10.2151/jmsj.2012-A09

Saltation threshold on Earth, Mars and Venus
journal, February 1982


Bulk and single-particle mineralogy of Asian dust and a comparison with its source soils
journal, January 2008


TEM analysis of the internal structures and mineralogy of Asian dust particles and the implications for optical modeling
journal, January 2014


Global Iron Connections Between Desert Dust, Ocean Biogeochemistry, and Climate
journal, April 2005


Mineralogy as a critical factor of dust iron solubility: MINERALOGY AND DUST IRON SOLUBILITY
journal, April 2008

  • Journet, Emilie; Desboeufs, Karine V.; Caquineau, Sandrine
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL031589

A new data set of soil mineralogy for dust-cycle modeling
journal, January 2014

  • Journet, E.; Balkanski, Y.; Harrison, S. P.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-3801-2014

Chemical composition and complex refractive index of Saharan Mineral Dust at Izaña, Tenerife (Spain) derived by electron microscopy
journal, December 2007


Influence of dust composition on cloud droplet formation
journal, May 2007


Tropospheric sulfur simulation and sulfate direct radiative forcing in the Goddard Institute for Space Studies general circulation model
journal, October 1999

  • Koch, Dorothy; Jacob, Daniel; Tegen, Ina
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 104, Issue D19
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999JD900248

Does the size distribution of mineral dust aerosols depend on the wind speed at emission?
journal, January 2011


A scaling theory for the size distribution of emitted dust aerosols suggests climate models underestimate the size of the global dust cycle
journal, December 2010


Inferring dust composition from wavelength-dependent absorption in Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) data
journal, January 2006

  • Koven, Charles D.; Fung, Inez
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue D14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JD006678

Heterogeneous chemistry of individual mineral dust particles from different dust source regions: the importance of particle mineralogy
journal, November 2004


Characterization of iron oxides in mineral dust aerosols: Implications for light absorption
journal, January 2006

  • Lafon, Sandra; Sokolik, Irina N.; Rajot, Jean Louis
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue D21
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JD007016

Modeling mineral dust emissions from the Sahara desert using new surface properties and soil database
journal, January 2008

  • Laurent, B.; Marticorena, B.; Bergametti, G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009484

Mineralogy of aeolian dust reaching the North Pacific Ocean: 1. Sampling and analysis
journal, January 1994

  • Leinen, Margaret; Prospero, Joseph M.; Arnold, Eve
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 99, Issue D10
  • DOI: 10.1029/94JD01735

Preferential settling of elongated mineral dust particles in the atmosphere
journal, January 2007

  • Li, Jingmin; Osada, Kazuo
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL030262

Particle chemical properties in the vertical column based on aircraft observations in the vicinity of Cape Verde Islands
journal, January 2011


Heterogeneous reaction of acetic acid on MgO, α-Al2O3, and CaCO3 and the effect on the hygroscopic behaviour of these particles
journal, January 2012

  • Ma, Qingxin; Liu, Yongchun; Liu, Chang
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cp40510e

Global connections between aeolian dust, climate and ocean biogeochemistry at the present day and at the last glacial maximum
journal, April 2010


Factors controlling threshold friction velocity in semiarid and arid areas of the United States
journal, October 1997

  • Marticorena, Beatrice; Bergametti, Gilles; Gillette, Dale
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 102, Issue D19
  • DOI: 10.1029/97JD01303

Cloud processing of mineral dust: direct comparison of cloud residual and clear sky particles during AMMA aircraft campaign in summer 2006
journal, January 2010

  • Matsuki, A.; Schwarzenboeck, A.; Venzac, H.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-10-1057-2010

Changes in the Content and Composition of Pedogenic Iron Oxyhydroxides in a Chronosequence of Soils in Southern California
journal, March 1985


Characterization of MASDs of surface soils in north China and its influence on estimating dust emission
journal, October 2004

  • Mei, Fanmin; Zhang, Xiaoye; Lu, Huayu
  • Chinese Science Bulletin, Vol. 49, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF03185784

Surface radiative forcing by soil dust aerosols and the hydrologic cycle: DUST FORCING AND THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE
journal, February 2004

  • Miller, R. L.; Tegen, I.; Perlwitz, Jan
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 109, Issue D4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003JD004085

Mineral dust aerosols in the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Sciences ModelE atmospheric general circulation model
journal, January 2006

  • Miller, R. L.; Cakmur, R. V.; Perlwitz, J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue D6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JD005796

Single scattering albedo of fine mineral dust aerosols controlled by iron concentration: MINERAL DUST SINGLE SCATTERING ALBEDO
journal, June 2012

  • Moosmüller, Hans; Engelbrecht, Johann P.; Skiba, Michał
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016909

Ice nucleation by particles immersed in supercooled cloud droplets
journal, January 2012

  • Murray, B. J.; O'Sullivan, D.; Atkinson, J. D.
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 41, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cs35200a

Technical Note: High-resolution mineralogical database of dust-productive soils for atmospheric dust modeling
journal, January 2012

  • Nickovic, S.; Vukovic, A.; Vujadinovic, M.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-845-2012

Soil Dust Aerosols and Wind as Predictors of Seasonal Meningitis Incidence in Niger
journal, July 2014

  • García-Pando, Carlos Pérez; Stanton, Michelle C.; Diggle, Peter J.
  • Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 122, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1306640

Meningitis and climate: from science to practice
journal, January 2014

  • García-Pando, Carlos; Thomson, Madeleine C.; Stanton, Michelle C.
  • Earth Perspectives, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/2194-6434-1-14

Cloud cover increase with increasing aerosol absorptivity: A counterexample to the conventional semidirect aerosol effect
journal, January 2010

  • Perlwitz, Jan; Miller, Ron L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue D8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JD012637

Numerical advection by conservation of second-order moments
journal, January 1986


Estimation of the aerodynamic roughness length in arid and semi-arid regions over the globe with the ERS scatterometer
journal, January 2005


Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century
journal, January 2003


Light scattering and absorption by wind blown dust: Theory, measurement, and recent data
journal, June 2010


Characterization of African dust transported to Puerto Rico by individual particle and size segregated bulk analysis
journal, January 2003


Transport of desert dust mixed with North African industrial pollutants in the subtropical Saharan Air Layer
journal, January 2011

  • Rodríguez, S.; Alastuey, A.; Alonso-Pérez, S.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-6663-2011

Mapping organic coatings on atmospheric particles: MAPPING ORGANIC PARTICLES
journal, August 2002

  • Russell, Lynn M.; Maria, Steven F.; Myneni, Satish C. B.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002GL014874

Indirect climate forcing over the western US from Asian dust storms: INDIRECT CLIMATE FORCING FROM ASIAN DUST STORMS
journal, May 2002


Modeling dust as component minerals in the Community Atmosphere Model: development of framework and impact on radiative forcing
journal, January 2015

  • Scanza, R. A.; Mahowald, N.; Ghan, S.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-537-2015

Individual-particle analysis of airborne dust samples collected over Morocco in 2006 during SAMUM 1
journal, January 2011


Present-Day Atmospheric Simulations Using GISS ModelE: Comparison to In Situ, Satellite, and Reanalysis Data
journal, January 2006

  • Schmidt, Gavin A.; Ruedy, Reto; Hansen, James E.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 19, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3612.1

Configuration and assessment of the GISS ModelE2 contributions to the CMIP5 archive: GISS MODEL-E2 CMIP5 SIMULATIONS
journal, March 2014

  • Schmidt, Gavin A.; Kelley, Max; Nazarenko, Larissa
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000265

Atmospheric Transport and Deposition of Mineral Dust to the Ocean: Implications for Research Needs
journal, September 2012

  • Schulz, Michael; Prospero, Joseph M.; Baker, Alex R.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 46, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/es300073u

Saharan dust and heterogeneous ice formation: Eleven years of cloud observations at a central European EARLINET site
journal, January 2010

  • Seifert, P.; Ansmann, A.; Mattis, I.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue D20
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JD013222

A model for mineral dust emission
journal, September 2001

  • Shao, Yaping
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 106, Issue D17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2001JD900171

A simple expression for wind erosion threshold friction velocity
journal, September 2000

  • Shao, Yaping; Lu, Hua
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 105, Issue D17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900304

Effect of saltation bombardment on the entrainment of dust by wind
journal, January 1993

  • Shao, Y.; Raupach, M. R.; Findlater, P. A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 98, Issue D7
  • DOI: 10.1029/93JD00396

A model for predicting aeolian sand drift and dust entrainment on scales from paddock to region
journal, January 1996

  • Shao, Yp; Raupach, Mr; Leys, Jf
  • Soil Research, Vol. 34, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1071/SR9960309

Parameterization of size-resolved dust emission and validation with measurements
journal, January 2011

  • Shao, Y.; Ishizuka, M.; Mikami, M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014527

Minor effect of physical size sorting on iron solubility of transported mineral dust
journal, January 2011

  • Shi, Z. B.; Woodhouse, M. T.; Carslaw, K. S.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-8459-2011

Impacts on iron solubility in the mineral dust by processes in the source region and the atmosphere: A review
journal, August 2012


Direct radiative forcing by anthropogenic airborne mineral aerosols
journal, June 1996

  • Sokolik, Irina N.; Toon, Owen B.
  • Nature, Vol. 381, Issue 6584
  • DOI: 10.1038/381681a0

Incorporation of mineralogical composition into models of the radiative properties of mineral aerosol from UV to IR wavelengths
journal, April 1999

  • Sokolik, Irina N.; Toon, Owen B.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 104, Issue D8
  • DOI: 10.1029/1998JD200048

Size resolved dust emission fluxes measured in Niger during 3 dust storms of the AMMA experiment
journal, January 2009

  • Sow, M.; Alfaro, S. C.; Rajot, J. L.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-3881-2009

Mineral dust is a sink for chlorine in the marine boundary layer
journal, November 2007


Change of iron species and iron solubility in Asian dust during the long-range transport from western China to Japan
journal, January 2011

  • Takahashi, Y.; Higashi, M.; Furukawa, T.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-11237-2011

Modeling of mineral dust in the atmosphere: Sources, transport, and optical thickness
journal, January 1994

  • Tegen, Ina; Fung, Inez
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 99, Issue D11
  • DOI: 10.1029/94JD01928

Contribution of different aerosol species to the global aerosol extinction optical thickness: Estimates from model results
journal, October 1997

  • Tegen, Ina; Hollrig, Peter; Chin, Mian
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 102, Issue D20
  • DOI: 10.1029/97JD01864

Saharan dust particles nucleate droplets in eastern Atlantic clouds
journal, January 2009

  • Twohy, Cynthia H.; Kreidenweis, Sonia M.; Eidhammer, Trude
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008GL035846

Laboratory studies of ozone uptake on processed mineral dust
journal, December 2003


Complex refractive indices of Saharan dust samples at visible and near UV wavelengths: a laboratory study
journal, January 2012


Dust as a tipping element: The Bodele Depression, Chad
journal, July 2009

  • Washington, R.; Bouet, C.; Cautenet, G.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0711850106

Specifying land surface characteristics in general circulation models: Soil profile data set and derived water-holding capacities
journal, March 1993

  • Webb, Robert S.; Rosenzweig, Cynthia E.; Levine, Elissa R.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/92GB01822

Some Factors that Affect the Deposition Rates of Sulfur Dioxide and Similar Gases on Vegetation
journal, November 1977


Feldspar minerals as efficient deposition ice nuclei
journal, January 2013

  • Yakobi-Hancock, J. D.; Ladino, L. A.; Abbatt, J. P. D.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-13-11175-2013

Ice nucleation properties of the most abundant mineral dust phases
journal, January 2008

  • Zimmermann, Frank; Weinbruch, Stephan; Schütz, Lothar
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD010655

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Modeling emissions for three-dimensional atmospheric chemistry transport models
    journal, May 2018

    • Matthias, Volker; Arndt, Jan A.; Aulinger, Armin
    • Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, Vol. 68, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1080/10962247.2018.1424057

    Not all feldspars are equal: a survey of ice nucleating properties across the feldspar group of minerals
    journal, January 2016

    • Harrison, Alexander D.; Whale, Thomas F.; Carpenter, Michael A.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 17
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-10927-2016