skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: High-harmonic generation in ZnO driven by self-compressed mid-infrared pulses

Abstract

Progress in attosecond science has relied on advancements in few-cycle pulse generation technology and its application to high-order harmonic generation. Traditionally, self-phase modulation in bulk solids has been used for the compression of moderate-energy pulses, additionally exhibiting favorable dispersion properties for mid-infrared (mid-IR) pulses. For this study, we use the anomalous dispersion of Y3Al5O12 (YAG) to self-compress many-cycle pulses from a 50 kHz mid-IR OPA down to produce sub-three-cycle 10 μJ pulses and further use them to generate high-order harmonics in a ZnO crystal. In agreement with theoretical predictions, we observe a boost in the harmonic yield by a factor of two, and spectral broadening of above-gap harmonics, compared to longer driving pulses. The enhanced yield results from an increase in the intensity for the self-compressed pulses.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States). Dept. of Physics, the College of Optics and Photonics and the Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers (CREOL)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR); Oak Ridge Associated Univ., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1441349
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1425252
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-20651
Journal ID: ISSN 0740-3224; JOBPDE
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; FA9550-16-1-0149
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Optical Society of America. Part B, Optical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 35; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0740-3224
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Material Science; high harmonic generation in semiconductors

Citation Formats

Gholam-Mirzaei, Shima, Beetar, John E., Chacon, Alexis, and Chini, Michael. High-harmonic generation in ZnO driven by self-compressed mid-infrared pulses. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1364/JOSAB.35.000A27.
Gholam-Mirzaei, Shima, Beetar, John E., Chacon, Alexis, & Chini, Michael. High-harmonic generation in ZnO driven by self-compressed mid-infrared pulses. United States. doi:10.1364/JOSAB.35.000A27.
Gholam-Mirzaei, Shima, Beetar, John E., Chacon, Alexis, and Chini, Michael. Tue . "High-harmonic generation in ZnO driven by self-compressed mid-infrared pulses". United States. doi:10.1364/JOSAB.35.000A27. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1441349.
@article{osti_1441349,
title = {High-harmonic generation in ZnO driven by self-compressed mid-infrared pulses},
author = {Gholam-Mirzaei, Shima and Beetar, John E. and Chacon, Alexis and Chini, Michael},
abstractNote = {Progress in attosecond science has relied on advancements in few-cycle pulse generation technology and its application to high-order harmonic generation. Traditionally, self-phase modulation in bulk solids has been used for the compression of moderate-energy pulses, additionally exhibiting favorable dispersion properties for mid-infrared (mid-IR) pulses. For this study, we use the anomalous dispersion of Y3Al5O12 (YAG) to self-compress many-cycle pulses from a 50 kHz mid-IR OPA down to produce sub-three-cycle 10 μJ pulses and further use them to generate high-order harmonics in a ZnO crystal. In agreement with theoretical predictions, we observe a boost in the harmonic yield by a factor of two, and spectral broadening of above-gap harmonics, compared to longer driving pulses. The enhanced yield results from an increase in the intensity for the self-compressed pulses.},
doi = {10.1364/JOSAB.35.000A27},
journal = {Journal of the Optical Society of America. Part B, Optical Physics},
number = 4,
volume = 35,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Self-compression and HHG setup. CM, curved mirror; Dashed thick line, movable mirror. Mid-IR pulses are directed first to the FROG for characterization and further to the HHG setup.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Ab initio multiscale simulation of high-order harmonic generation in solids
journal, January 2018


Linking high harmonics from gases and solids
journal, June 2015


Time-Resolved Dynamics in N2O4 Probed Using High Harmonic Generation
journal, November 2008


Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal
journal, December 2010

  • Ghimire, Shambhu; DiChiara, Anthony D.; Sistrunk, Emily
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1847

Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids
journal, May 2015

  • Luu, T. T.; Garg, M.; Kruchinin, S. Yu.
  • Nature, Vol. 521, Issue 7553
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14456

Compression of High-energy Femtosecond Light Pulses by Self-phase Modulation in Bulk Media
journal, May 1989


Anisotropic high-harmonic generation in bulk crystals
journal, November 2016

  • You, Yong Sing; Reis, David A.; Ghimire, Shambhu
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3955

High-harmonic generation in graphene enhanced by elliptically polarized light excitation
journal, May 2017

  • Yoshikawa, Naotaka; Tamaya, Tomohiro; Tanaka, Koichiro
  • Science, Vol. 356, Issue 6339
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.aam8861

Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk
journal, September 2016

  • Shumakova, V.; Malevich, P.; Ališauskas, S.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12877

High-harmonic generation by field enhanced femtosecond pulses in metal-sapphire nanostructure
journal, October 2016

  • Han, Seunghwoi; Kim, Hyunwoong; Kim, Yong Woo
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13105

Observation of selection rules for circularly polarized fields in high-harmonic generation from a crystalline solid
journal, January 2017


High harmonic generation in ZnO with a high-power mid-IR OPA
journal, February 2017

  • Gholam-Mirzaei, Shima; Beetar, John; Chini, Michael
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 110, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4975362

High harmonics generated in semiconductor nanostructures by the coupled dynamics of optical inter- and intraband excitations
journal, February 2008


Self-compression to sub-3-cycle duration of mid-infrared optical pulses in dielectrics
journal, January 2013

  • Hemmer, Michaël; Baudisch, Matthias; Thai, Alexandre
  • Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.21.028095

Semiclassical analysis of high harmonic generation in bulk crystals
journal, February 2015


Compression of high-power optical pulses
journal, January 1988

  • Rolland, Claude; Corkum, P. B.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.5.000641

Plasmon-enhanced high-harmonic generation from silicon
journal, April 2017

  • Vampa, G.; Ghamsari, B. G.; Siadat Mousavi, S.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys4087

Theoretical Analysis of High-Harmonic Generation in Solids
journal, August 2014


Merge of high harmonic generation from gases and solids and its implications for attosecond science
journal, March 2017

  • Vampa, G.; Brabec, T.
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6455/aa528d

Pulse Compression of Ultrashort UV Pulses by Self-Phase Modulation in Bulk Material
journal, February 2013

  • Krebs, Nils; Pugliesi, Igor; Riedle, Eberhard
  • Applied Sciences, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3390/app3010153

Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules
journal, May 2005

  • Kanai, Tsuneto; Minemoto, Shinichirou; Sakai, Hirofumi
  • Nature, Vol. 435, Issue 7041
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature03577

Nonperturbative harmonic generation in graphene from intense midinfrared pulsed light
journal, November 2017


Effects of self-steepening and self-frequency shifting on short-pulse splitting in dispersive nonlinear media
journal, June 1998


Solid-state harmonics beyond the atomic limit
journal, June 2016

  • Ndabashimiye, Georges; Ghimire, Shambhu; Wu, Mengxi
  • Nature, Vol. 534, Issue 7608
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature17660

High-harmonic generation in amorphous solids
journal, September 2017


Multi-petahertz electronic metrology
journal, October 2016


All-Optical Reconstruction of Crystal Band Structure
journal, November 2015


High-harmonic generation from an atomically thin semiconductor
journal, November 2016

  • Liu, Hanzhe; Li, Yilei; You, Yong Sing
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3946

Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations
journal, January 2014


Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry
journal, July 2010

  • Wörner, H. J.; Bertrand, J. B.; Kartashov, D. V.
  • Nature, Vol. 466, Issue 7306
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09185

Frequency-resolved optical-gating measurements of ultrashort pulses using surface third-harmonic generation
journal, January 1996

  • Tsang, Thomas; Krumbügel, Marco A.; DeLong, Kenneth W.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 21, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.21.001381

Laser waveform control of extreme ultraviolet high harmonics from solids
journal, January 2017

  • You, Yong Sing; Wu, Mengxi; Yin, Yanchun
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.42.001816

High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules
journal, July 2009

  • Smirnova, Olga; Mairesse, Yann; Patchkovskii, Serguei
  • Nature, Vol. 460, Issue 7258
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08253

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.