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Title: Comparing published scientific journal articles to their pre-print versions

Abstract

Academic publishers claim that they add value to scholarly communications by coordinating reviews and contributing and enhancing text during publication. These contributions come at a considerable cost: US academic libraries paid $1.7 billion for serial subscriptions in 2008 alone. Library budgets, in contrast, are flat and not able to keep pace with serial price inflation. Here, we have investigated the publishers’ value proposition by conducting a comparative study of pre-print papers from two distinct science, technology, and medicine corpora and their final published counterparts. This comparison had two working assumptions: (1) If the publishers’ argument is valid, the text of a pre-print paper should vary measurably from its corresponding final published version, and (2) by applying standard similarity measures, we should be able to detect and quantify such differences. Our analysis revealed that the text contents of the scientific papers generally changed very little from their pre-print to final published versions. These findings contribute empirical indicators to discussions of the added value of commercial publishers and therefore should influence libraries’ economic decisions regarding access to scholarly publications.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1441346
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-20434
Journal ID: ISSN 1432-5012
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal on Digital Libraries
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 1432-5012
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
96 KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND PRESERVATION; Open access; Pre-print; Scholarly publishing; Text similarity

Citation Formats

Klein, Martin, Broadwell, Peter, Farb, Sharon E., and Grappone, Todd. Comparing published scientific journal articles to their pre-print versions. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s00799-018-0234-1.
Klein, Martin, Broadwell, Peter, Farb, Sharon E., & Grappone, Todd. Comparing published scientific journal articles to their pre-print versions. United States. doi:10.1007/s00799-018-0234-1.
Klein, Martin, Broadwell, Peter, Farb, Sharon E., and Grappone, Todd. Mon . "Comparing published scientific journal articles to their pre-print versions". United States. doi:10.1007/s00799-018-0234-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1441346.
@article{osti_1441346,
title = {Comparing published scientific journal articles to their pre-print versions},
author = {Klein, Martin and Broadwell, Peter and Farb, Sharon E. and Grappone, Todd},
abstractNote = {Academic publishers claim that they add value to scholarly communications by coordinating reviews and contributing and enhancing text during publication. These contributions come at a considerable cost: US academic libraries paid $1.7 billion for serial subscriptions in 2008 alone. Library budgets, in contrast, are flat and not able to keep pace with serial price inflation. Here, we have investigated the publishers’ value proposition by conducting a comparative study of pre-print papers from two distinct science, technology, and medicine corpora and their final published counterparts. This comparison had two working assumptions: (1) If the publishers’ argument is valid, the text of a pre-print paper should vary measurably from its corresponding final published version, and (2) by applying standard similarity measures, we should be able to detect and quantify such differences. Our analysis revealed that the text contents of the scientific papers generally changed very little from their pre-print to final published versions. These findings contribute empirical indicators to discussions of the added value of commercial publishers and therefore should influence libraries’ economic decisions regarding access to scholarly publications.},
doi = {10.1007/s00799-018-0234-1},
journal = {International Journal on Digital Libraries},
number = ,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Have the “mega-journals” reached the limits to growth?
journal, January 2015


Open access and sources of full-text articles in Google Scholar in different subject fields
journal, July 2015


Open Access to the Scientific Journal Literature: Situation 2009
journal, June 2010


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Preprints and Scholarly Communication: Adoption, Practices, Drivers and Barriers
    journal, January 2019


    Preprints and Scholarly Communication: Adoption, Practices, Drivers and Barriers
    journal, January 2019