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Title: Atomic and Molecular Adsorption on Cu(111)

Here, due to the wide use of copper-based catalysts in industrial chemical processes, fundamental understanding of the interactions between copper surfaces and various reaction intermediates is highly desired. Here, we performed periodic, self-consistent density functional theory (DFT-GGA) calculations to study the adsorption of five atomic species (H, C, N, O, and S), seven molecular species (NH 3, CH 4, N 2, CO, HCN, NO, and HCOOH), and 13 molecular fragments (CH, CH 2, CH 3, NH, NH 2, OH, CN, COH, HCO, COOH, HCOO, NOH, and HNO) on the Cu(111) surface at a coverage of 0.25 monolayer. The preferred binding site, binding energy, and the corresponding surface deformation energy of each species were determined, as well as the estimated diffusion barrier and diffusion pathway. The binding strengths calculated using the PW91 functional decreased in the following order: CH > C > O > S > CN > NH > N > CH 2 > OH > HCOO > COH > H > NH 2 > NOH > COOH > HNO > HCO > CH 3 > NO > CO > NH 3 > HCOOH. No stable binding structures were observed for N 2, HCN, and CH 4. The adsorbate–surface andmore » intramolecular vibrational modes of all the adsorbates at their preferred binding sites were deternined. Using the calculated adsorption energetics, potential energy surfaces were constructed for the direct decomposition of CO, CO 2, NO, N 2, NH 3, and CH 4 and the hydrogen-assisted decomposition of CO, CO 2, and NO.« less
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  1. Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Topics in Catalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: June 2018; Journal Issue: 7-8; Journal ID: ISSN 1022-5528
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division
Contributing Orgs:
National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); the Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); and the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a national scientific user facility at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Density functional theory; Copper; Adsorption; Catalysis; Thermochemistry
OSTI Identifier: