skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Control of quasi-monoenergetic electron beams from laser-plasma accelerators with adjustable shock density profile

Abstract

The injection physics in a shock-induced density down-ramp injector was characterized, demonstrating precise control of a laser-plasma accelerator (LPA). Using a jet-blade assembly, experiments systematically v aried the shock injector profile, including shock angle, shock position, up-ramp width, and acceleration length. Our work demonstrates that beam energy, energy spread, and pointing can be controlled by adjusting these parameters. As a result, an electron beam that was highly tunable from 25 to 300 MeV with 8% energy spread (ΔEFWHM/E), 1.5 mrad divergence, and 0.35 mrad pointing fluctuation was produced. Particle-in-cell simulation characterized how variation in the shock angle and up-ramp width impacted the injection process. This highly controllable LPA represents a suitable, compact electron beam source for LPA applications such as Thomson sources and free-electron lasers.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation; USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1440961
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1433046
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; PHY-1415596; PHY-1632796
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Tsai, Hai-En, Swanson, Kelly K., Barber, Sam K., Lehe, Remi, Mao, Hann-Shin, Mittelberger, Daniel E., Steinke, Sven, Nakamura, Kei, van Tilborg, Jeroen, Schroeder, Carl, Esarey, Eric, Geddes, Cameron G. R., and Leemans, Wim. Control of quasi-monoenergetic electron beams from laser-plasma accelerators with adjustable shock density profile. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5023694.
Tsai, Hai-En, Swanson, Kelly K., Barber, Sam K., Lehe, Remi, Mao, Hann-Shin, Mittelberger, Daniel E., Steinke, Sven, Nakamura, Kei, van Tilborg, Jeroen, Schroeder, Carl, Esarey, Eric, Geddes, Cameron G. R., & Leemans, Wim. Control of quasi-monoenergetic electron beams from laser-plasma accelerators with adjustable shock density profile. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5023694.
Tsai, Hai-En, Swanson, Kelly K., Barber, Sam K., Lehe, Remi, Mao, Hann-Shin, Mittelberger, Daniel E., Steinke, Sven, Nakamura, Kei, van Tilborg, Jeroen, Schroeder, Carl, Esarey, Eric, Geddes, Cameron G. R., and Leemans, Wim. Fri . "Control of quasi-monoenergetic electron beams from laser-plasma accelerators with adjustable shock density profile". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5023694. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1440961.
@article{osti_1440961,
title = {Control of quasi-monoenergetic electron beams from laser-plasma accelerators with adjustable shock density profile},
author = {Tsai, Hai-En and Swanson, Kelly K. and Barber, Sam K. and Lehe, Remi and Mao, Hann-Shin and Mittelberger, Daniel E. and Steinke, Sven and Nakamura, Kei and van Tilborg, Jeroen and Schroeder, Carl and Esarey, Eric and Geddes, Cameron G. R. and Leemans, Wim},
abstractNote = {The injection physics in a shock-induced density down-ramp injector was characterized, demonstrating precise control of a laser-plasma accelerator (LPA). Using a jet-blade assembly, experiments systematically v aried the shock injector profile, including shock angle, shock position, up-ramp width, and acceleration length. Our work demonstrates that beam energy, energy spread, and pointing can be controlled by adjusting these parameters. As a result, an electron beam that was highly tunable from 25 to 300 MeV with 8% energy spread (ΔEFWHM/E), 1.5 mrad divergence, and 0.35 mrad pointing fluctuation was produced. Particle-in-cell simulation characterized how variation in the shock angle and up-ramp width impacted the injection process. This highly controllable LPA represents a suitable, compact electron beam source for LPA applications such as Thomson sources and free-electron lasers.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5023694},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 4,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

All-Optical Cascaded Laser Wakefield Accelerator Using Ionization-Induced Injection
journal, July 2011


Plasma-Density-Gradient Injection of Low Absolute-Momentum-Spread Electron Bunches
journal, May 2008


Low energy spread electron beams from ionization injection in a weakly relativistic laser wakefield accelerator
journal, July 2014


Ultrahigh brilliance quasi-monochromatic MeV γ-rays based on self-synchronized all-optical Compton scattering
journal, July 2016

  • Yu, Changhai; Qi, Rong; Wang, Wentao
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep29518

Intrinsic beam emittance of laser-accelerated electrons measured by x-ray spectroscopic imaging
journal, April 2016

  • Golovin, G.; Banerjee, S.; Liu, C.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep24622

Numerical investigation of electron self-injection in the nonlinear bubble regime
journal, October 2013

  • Benedetti, C.; Schroeder, C. B.; Esarey, E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4824811

Near-GeV Acceleration of Electrons by a Nonlinear Plasma Wave Driven by a Self-Guided Laser Pulse
journal, July 2009


Multi-GeV Electron Beams from Capillary-Discharge-Guided Subpetawatt Laser Pulses in the Self-Trapping Regime
journal, December 2014


Gas density structure of supersonic flows impinged on by thin blades for laser-plasma accelerators
conference, January 2017

  • Mao, H. -S.; Swanson, K. K.; Tsai, H. -E.
  • ADVANCED ACCELERATOR CONCEPTS: 17th Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4975854

Quasi-monoenergetic laser-plasma acceleration of electrons to 2 GeV
journal, June 2013

  • Wang, Xiaoming; Zgadzaj, Rafal; Fazel, Neil
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2988

Stable multi-GeV electron accelerator driven by waveform-controlled PW laser pulses
journal, August 2017


Shielded radiography with a laser-driven MeV-energy X-ray source
journal, January 2016

  • Chen, Shouyuan; Golovin, Grigory; Miller, Cameron
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 366
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2015.11.007

Laser wake field acceleration: the highly non-linear broken-wave regime
journal, April 2002

  • Pukhov, A.; Meyer-ter-Vehn, J.
  • Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics, Vol. 74, Issue 4-5
  • DOI: 10.1007/s003400200795

Enhancement of Electron Energy to the Multi-GeV Regime by a Dual-Stage Laser-Wakefield Accelerator Pumped by Petawatt Laser Pulses
journal, October 2013


Measured Emittance Dependence on the Injection Method in Laser Plasma Accelerators
journal, September 2017


Controlled injection and acceleration of electrons in plasma wakefields by colliding laser pulses
journal, December 2006


Compact tunable Compton x-ray source from laser-plasma accelerator and plasma mirror
journal, February 2015

  • Tsai, Hai-En; Wang, Xiaoming; Shaw, Joseph M.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4907655

The Compton backscattering process and radiotherapy
journal, March 1997

  • Weeks, K. J.; Litvinenko, V. N.; Madey, J. M. J.
  • Medical Physics, Vol. 24, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1118/1.597903

Measurements of the Critical Power for Self-Injection of Electrons in a Laser Wakefield Accelerator
journal, November 2009


Demonstration of a Narrow Energy Spread, 0.5 GeV Electron Beam from a Two-Stage Laser Wakefield Accelerator
journal, July 2011


Compact X-ray Free-Electron Laser from a Laser-Plasma Accelerator Using a Transverse-Gradient Undulator
journal, November 2012


Particle injection into the wave acceleration phase due to nonlinear wake wave breaking
journal, November 1998


A laser–plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams
journal, September 2004


GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator
journal, September 2006

  • Leemans, W. P.; Nagler, B.; Gonsalves, A. J.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 2, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys418

Tunable All-Optical Quasimonochromatic Thomson X-Ray Source in the Nonlinear Regime
journal, May 2015


Absolute charge calibration of scintillating screens for relativistic electron detection
journal, March 2010

  • Buck, A.; Zeil, K.; Popp, A.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 81, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3310275

Laser-driven soft-X-ray undulator source
journal, September 2009

  • Fuchs, Matthias; Weingartner, Raphael; Popp, Antonia
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1404

Electron Rephasing in a Laser-Wakefield Accelerator
journal, October 2015


Multistage coupling of independent laser-plasma accelerators
journal, February 2016

  • Steinke, S.; van Tilborg, J.; Benedetti, C.
  • Nature, Vol. 530, Issue 7589
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature16525

All-optical Compton gamma-ray source
journal, April 2012


Self-Guided Laser Wakefield Acceleration beyond 1 GeV Using Ionization-Induced Injection
journal, September 2010


Ionization Induced Trapping in a Laser Wakefield Accelerator
journal, January 2010


Injection and Trapping of Tunnel-Ionized Electrons into Laser-Produced Wakes
journal, January 2010


Shock-Front Injector for High-Quality Laser-Plasma Acceleration
journal, May 2013


Electron beam charge diagnostics for laser plasma accelerators
journal, June 2011

  • Nakamura, K.; Gonsalves, A. J.; Lin, C.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 14, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.14.062801

Laser Electron Accelerator
journal, July 1979


Tunable monoenergetic electron beams from independently controllable laser-wakefield acceleration and injection
journal, January 2015


Broadband single-shot electron spectrometer for GeV-class laser-plasma-based accelerators
journal, May 2008

  • Nakamura, K.; Wan, W.; Ybarrolaza, N.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 79, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2929672

Free-electron lasers driven by laser plasma accelerators
conference, January 2017

  • van Tilborg, J.; Barber, S. K.; Isono, F.
  • ADVANCED ACCELERATOR CONCEPTS: 17th Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4975838

Wavefront-sensor-based electron density measurements for laser-plasma accelerators
journal, March 2010

  • Plateau, G. R.; Matlis, N. H.; Geddes, C. G. R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 81, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3360889

Trapping and acceleration in nonlinear plasma waves
journal, May 1995

  • Esarey, Eric; Pilloff, Mark
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 2, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.871358

Thermal emittance from ionization-induced trapping in plasma accelerators
journal, October 2014

  • Schroeder, C. B.; Vay, J. -L.; Esarey, E.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 17, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.101301

Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser–plasma interactions
journal, September 2004

  • Mangles, S. P. D.; Murphy, C. D.; Najmudin, Z.
  • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7008
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02939

Ultrahigh Brilliance Multi-MeV γ -Ray Beams from Nonlinear Relativistic Thomson Scattering
journal, November 2014


Thomson-Backscattered X Rays From Laser-Accelerated Electrons
journal, January 2006


Novel methods in the Particle-In-Cell accelerator Code-Framework Warp
journal, January 2012


Quasi-monoenergetic and tunable X-rays from a laser-driven Compton light source
journal, November 2013


Theory of ionization-induced trapping in laser-plasma accelerators
journal, March 2012

  • Chen, M.; Esarey, E.; Schroeder, C. B.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3689922

Through-the-wall sensor systems based on hard x-ray imaging optics
conference, May 2007

  • Jannson, Tomasz; Gertsenshteyn, Michael; Grubsky, Victor
  • Defense and Security Symposium, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.718765

MeV-Energy X Rays from Inverse Compton Scattering with Laser-Wakefield Accelerated Electrons
journal, April 2013


Density-transition based electron injector for laser driven wakefield accelerators
journal, September 2010

  • Schmid, K.; Buck, A.; Sears, C. M. S.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 13, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.091301

Tunable laser plasma accelerator based on longitudinal density tailoring
journal, August 2011

  • Gonsalves, A. J.; Nakamura, K.; Lin, C.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2071

Compact quasi-monoenergetic photon sources from laser-plasma accelerators for nuclear detection and characterization
journal, May 2015

  • Geddes, Cameron G. R.; Rykovanov, Sergey; Matlis, Nicholas H.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 350
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2015.01.013

Stable generation of GeV-class electron beams from self-guided laser–plasma channels
journal, August 2008


High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding
journal, September 2004

  • Geddes, C. G. R.; Toth, Cs.; van Tilborg, J.
  • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7008
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02900

A spectral, quasi-cylindrical and dispersion-free Particle-In-Cell algorithm
journal, June 2016


First measurement of the near-threshold 2 H ( γ , n ) p analyzing power using a free-electron laser based γ -ray source
journal, May 2000


Electron injection and trapping in a laser wakefield by field ionization to high-charge states of gases
journal, March 2006

  • Chen, Min; Sheng, Zheng-Ming; Ma, Yan-Yun
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 99, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2179194

Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators
journal, August 2009


Beat wave injection of electrons into plasma waves using two interfering laser pulses
journal, July 2004


Shock assisted ionization injection in laser-plasma accelerators
journal, November 2015

  • Thaury, C.; Guillaume, E.; Lifschitz, A.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep16310

Laser-plasma lens for laser-wakefield accelerators
journal, December 2014

  • Lehe, R.; Thaury, C.; Guillaume, E.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 17, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.121301

Injection and acceleration of quasimonoenergetic relativistic electron beams using density gradients at the edges of a plasma channel
journal, August 2010

  • Faure, J.; Rechatin, C.; Lundh, O.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3469581

Electron Injection into Plasma Wakefields by Colliding Laser Pulses
journal, October 1997


On the Structure of Jets from Highly Underexpanded Nozzles Into Still Air
journal, January 1959

  • Adamson, T. C.; Nicholls, J. A.
  • Journal of the Aerospace Sciences, Vol. 26, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2514/8.7912

Discrete deexcitations in U 235 below 3 MeV from nuclear resonance fluorescence
journal, April 2011


Control of tunable, monoenergetic laser-plasma-accelerated electron beams using a shock-induced density downramp injector
journal, May 2017