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Title: High-pressure polymorphism of Pb F 2 to 75 GPa

Lead fluoride, PbF 2, was investigated experimentally in the laser-heated diamond anvil cell by x-ray diffraction to pressures of 75 GPa at room temperature and to 64.5 GPa and 2430 K, as well as through first-principles density functional theory calculations up to 70 GPa. During room temperature compression, no discontinuous changes in the x-ray diffraction pattern or volume were observed, but the lattice parameters displayed highly anomalous trends between 10-22 GPa with enhanced compressibility along the a direction and reduced or even negative compressibility along b and c. Theoretical calculations of valence electron densities at 22 GPa showed that α-PbF 2 underwent a pressure-induced isosymmetric phase transition to a postcotunnite Co 2Si structure and also revealed the detailed atomic rearrangements associated with the development of an extra Pb-F bond in the high-pressure phase. Our x-ray results and theoretical calculations are consistent with an isosymmetric phase transition smoothly occurring over 10-22 GPa rather than abruptly as previously suggested. The characteristic values for the cell constants a/c and (a+c)/b, which are used to distinguish among cotunnite-, Co 2Si-, and Ni 2In-type phases, require modification based on our results. An equation of state fit yields a bulk modulus, K 0, of 72(3) GPamore » for the cotunnite-type, and an ambient-pressure volume, V 0, of 182(2)Å 3, and K 0=81(4)GPa for the Co 2Si-type phase when fixing the pressure derivative of the bulk modulus, K 0'=4. Upon heating above 1200 K at pressures at or above 25.9 GPa, PbF 2 partially transformed to the hexagonal Ni 2In-type phase but wholly or partially reverted back to Co 2Si-type phase upon temperature quench. From 43-65 GPa, nearly complete transformation to the Ni 2In-type PbF 2 was observed at high temperature, but the material partially transformed back to the orthorhombic phase upon temperature quench. Our results show that high-pressure behavior of PbF 2 is distinct from that of the alkaline earth fluorides with similar ionic radii. These results also have relevance to understanding the behavior of lanthanide and actinide dioxides, which have been predicted theoretically to exhibit similar isosymmetric transitions at Mbar pressures.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2]
  1. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Geosciences
  3. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL) and Univ. of Chicago, Argonne, IL (United States). GeoSoilEnviroCARS
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; EAR-1415321; AC02-06CH11357; EAR-1128799; FG02-94ER14466
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 2; Related Information: © 2016 American Physical Society.; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division; National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; pressure effects; solid-solid transformations; density functional theory; x-ray defraction
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1260434