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Title: Sequential Infiltration Synthesis for the Design of Low Refractive Index Surface Coatings with Controllable Thickness

Control over refractive index and thickness of surface coatings is central to the design of low refraction films used in applications ranging from optical computing to antireflective coatings. Here, we introduce gas-phase sequential infiltration synthesis (SIS) as a robust, powerful and efficient approach to deposit conformal coatings with very low refractive indices. We demonstrate that the refractive indices of inorganic coatings can be efficiently tuned by the number of cycles used in the SIS process, composition and selective swelling of the of the polymer template. We show that the refractive index of Al 2O 3 can be lowered from 1.76 down to 1.1 using this method. The thickness of the Al 2O 3 coating can be efficiently controlled by the swelling of the block copolymer template in ethanol at elevated temperature, thereby enabling deposition of both single-layer and graded-index broadband anti-reflective coatings. Using this technique, Fresnel reflections of glass can be reduced to as low as 0.1% under normal illumination over a broad spectral range.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [3] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1439858

Berman, Diana, Guha, Supratik, Lee, Byeongdu, Elam, Jeffrey W., Darling, Seth B., and Shevchenko, Elena V.. Sequential Infiltration Synthesis for the Design of Low Refractive Index Surface Coatings with Controllable Thickness. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acsnano.6b08361.
Berman, Diana, Guha, Supratik, Lee, Byeongdu, Elam, Jeffrey W., Darling, Seth B., & Shevchenko, Elena V.. Sequential Infiltration Synthesis for the Design of Low Refractive Index Surface Coatings with Controllable Thickness. United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.6b08361.
Berman, Diana, Guha, Supratik, Lee, Byeongdu, Elam, Jeffrey W., Darling, Seth B., and Shevchenko, Elena V.. 2017. "Sequential Infiltration Synthesis for the Design of Low Refractive Index Surface Coatings with Controllable Thickness". United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.6b08361. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1439858.
@article{osti_1439858,
title = {Sequential Infiltration Synthesis for the Design of Low Refractive Index Surface Coatings with Controllable Thickness},
author = {Berman, Diana and Guha, Supratik and Lee, Byeongdu and Elam, Jeffrey W. and Darling, Seth B. and Shevchenko, Elena V.},
abstractNote = {Control over refractive index and thickness of surface coatings is central to the design of low refraction films used in applications ranging from optical computing to antireflective coatings. Here, we introduce gas-phase sequential infiltration synthesis (SIS) as a robust, powerful and efficient approach to deposit conformal coatings with very low refractive indices. We demonstrate that the refractive indices of inorganic coatings can be efficiently tuned by the number of cycles used in the SIS process, composition and selective swelling of the of the polymer template. We show that the refractive index of Al2O3 can be lowered from 1.76 down to 1.1 using this method. The thickness of the Al2O3 coating can be efficiently controlled by the swelling of the block copolymer template in ethanol at elevated temperature, thereby enabling deposition of both single-layer and graded-index broadband anti-reflective coatings. Using this technique, Fresnel reflections of glass can be reduced to as low as 0.1% under normal illumination over a broad spectral range.},
doi = {10.1021/acsnano.6b08361},
journal = {ACS Nano},
number = 3,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}