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Title: Radiative and Chemical Response to Interactive Stratospheric Sulfate Aerosols in Fully Coupled CESM1(WACCM)

Abstract

We present a new version of the Community Earth System Model, version 1 (CESM1) with the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) featuring numerous improvements that are unique among earth system models. Improved horizontal resolution, dynamics, and chemistry now provide the development of an internally generated quasi-biennial oscillation, and significant improvements to temperatures and ozone throughout the stratosphere. The prognostic treatment of stratospheric sulfate aerosols is shown to represent well the evolution of stratospheric aerosol optical depth and perturbations to solar and longwave radiation following volcanic eruptions. We identify the inclusion of interactive OH chemistry as crucial to the study of aerosol formation following large inputs of SO 2 to the stratosphere. We show that depletion of OH levels within the dense SO 2 cloud in the first weeks following the June 1991 eruption of Mt. Pinatubo significantly prolonged the e-folding decay time for SO 2 oxidation to 47 days. Previous observational and model studies showing a 30-day decay time have not accounted for the large initial losses of SO 2 on ash and ice in the first 7-9 days following the eruption, and have not correctly accounted for OH depletion. The completeness of the chemistry, dynamics, and aerosol microphysicsmore » in WACCM uniquely qualify it for studies of stratospheric sulfate aerosol geoengineering.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States). Atmospheric Chemistry, Observations and Modeling Lab.
  2. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States).Climate and Global Dynamics Lab.
  3. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States). Atmospheric Chemistry, Observations and Modeling Lab., Climate and Global Dynamics Lab.
  4. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  5. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Dept. of Computing and Mathematical Sciences; Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
  6. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States). Climate and Global Dynamics Lab.
  7. Univ. of Leeds, Leeds (United Kingdom). School of Earth and Environment; Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom). Depts. of Chemistry and Geography
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1439705
Report Number(s):
[PNNL-SA-124898]
[Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X; 453040135]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC05-76RL01830]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 23]; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; stratospheric aerosols; volcanic eruptions; geoengineering; climate modeling; stratospheric ozone; climate change

Citation Formats

Mills, Michael J., Richter, Jadwiga H., Tilmes, Simone, Kravitz, Ben, MacMartin, Douglas G., Glanville, Anne A., Tribbia, Joseph J., Lamarque, Jean‐François, Vitt, Francis, Schmidt, Anja, Gettelman, Andrew, Hannay, Cecile, Bacmeister, Julio T., and Kinnison, Douglas E. Radiative and Chemical Response to Interactive Stratospheric Sulfate Aerosols in Fully Coupled CESM1(WACCM). United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017JD027006.
Mills, Michael J., Richter, Jadwiga H., Tilmes, Simone, Kravitz, Ben, MacMartin, Douglas G., Glanville, Anne A., Tribbia, Joseph J., Lamarque, Jean‐François, Vitt, Francis, Schmidt, Anja, Gettelman, Andrew, Hannay, Cecile, Bacmeister, Julio T., & Kinnison, Douglas E. Radiative and Chemical Response to Interactive Stratospheric Sulfate Aerosols in Fully Coupled CESM1(WACCM). United States. doi:10.1002/2017JD027006.
Mills, Michael J., Richter, Jadwiga H., Tilmes, Simone, Kravitz, Ben, MacMartin, Douglas G., Glanville, Anne A., Tribbia, Joseph J., Lamarque, Jean‐François, Vitt, Francis, Schmidt, Anja, Gettelman, Andrew, Hannay, Cecile, Bacmeister, Julio T., and Kinnison, Douglas E. Mon . "Radiative and Chemical Response to Interactive Stratospheric Sulfate Aerosols in Fully Coupled CESM1(WACCM)". United States. doi:10.1002/2017JD027006. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1439705.
@article{osti_1439705,
title = {Radiative and Chemical Response to Interactive Stratospheric Sulfate Aerosols in Fully Coupled CESM1(WACCM)},
author = {Mills, Michael J. and Richter, Jadwiga H. and Tilmes, Simone and Kravitz, Ben and MacMartin, Douglas G. and Glanville, Anne A. and Tribbia, Joseph J. and Lamarque, Jean‐François and Vitt, Francis and Schmidt, Anja and Gettelman, Andrew and Hannay, Cecile and Bacmeister, Julio T. and Kinnison, Douglas E.},
abstractNote = {We present a new version of the Community Earth System Model, version 1 (CESM1) with the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) featuring numerous improvements that are unique among earth system models. Improved horizontal resolution, dynamics, and chemistry now provide the development of an internally generated quasi-biennial oscillation, and significant improvements to temperatures and ozone throughout the stratosphere. The prognostic treatment of stratospheric sulfate aerosols is shown to represent well the evolution of stratospheric aerosol optical depth and perturbations to solar and longwave radiation following volcanic eruptions. We identify the inclusion of interactive OH chemistry as crucial to the study of aerosol formation following large inputs of SO2 to the stratosphere. We show that depletion of OH levels within the dense SO2 cloud in the first weeks following the June 1991 eruption of Mt. Pinatubo significantly prolonged the e-folding decay time for SO2 oxidation to 47 days. Previous observational and model studies showing a 30-day decay time have not accounted for the large initial losses of SO2 on ash and ice in the first 7-9 days following the eruption, and have not correctly accounted for OH depletion. The completeness of the chemistry, dynamics, and aerosol microphysics in WACCM uniquely qualify it for studies of stratospheric sulfate aerosol geoengineering.},
doi = {10.1002/2017JD027006},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = [23],
volume = [122],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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