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Title: Superconducting and normal-state anisotropy of the doped topological insulator Sr 0.1Bi 2Se 3

Sr xBi 2Se 3 and the related compounds Cu xBi 2Se 3 and Nb xBi 2Se 3 have attracted considerable interest, as these materials may be realizations of unconventional topological superconductors. Superconductivity with T c ~3 K in Sr xBi 2Se 3 arises upon intercalation of Sr into the layered topological insulator Bi 2Se 3. Here we elucidate the anisotropy of the normal and superconducting state of Sr 0.1Bi 2Se 3 with angular dependent magnetotransport and thermodynamic measurements. High resolution x-ray diffraction studies underline the high crystalline quality of the samples. We demonstrate that the normal state electronic and magnetic properties of Sr 0.1Bi 2Se 3 are isotropic in the basal plane while we observe a large two-fold in-plane anisotropy of the upper critical field in the superconducting state. In conclusion, our results support the recently proposed odd-parity nematic state characterized by a nodal gap of Eu symmetry in Sr xBi 2Se 3.
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ; ORCiD logo [4] ; ORCiD logo [4] ;  [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States); Univ. of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322; 140792
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; SC0012704
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Emergent Superconductivity; University of Notre Dame; Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Electronic properties and materials; Magnetic properties and materials; Superconducting properties and materials; Topological matter; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1459173