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Title: A Novel Approach to Synthesize Micrometer-Sized Porous Silicon as a High Performance Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Porous structured silicon (p-Si) has been recognized as one of the most promising anodes for Li-ion batteries. However, many available methods to synthesize p-Si are difficult to scale up due to their high production cost. Here we introduce a new approach to obtain spherical micrometer-sized silicon with unique porous structure by using a microemulsion of the cost-effective of silica nanoparticles and magnesiothermic reduction method. The spherical micron-sized p-Si particles prepared by this approach consist of highly aligned nano-sized silicon and exhibit a tap density close to that of bulk Si particles. They have demonstrated significantly improved electrochemical stability compared to nano-Si. Well controlled void space and a highly graphitic carbon coating on the p-Si particles enable good stability of the structure and low overall resistance, thus resulting in a Si-based anode with high capacity (~1467 mAh g–1 at 1 C), enhanced cycle life (370 cycles with 83% capacity retention), and high rate capability (~650 mAh g–1 at 5 C). Furthermore, this approach may also be generalized to prepare other hierarchical structured high capacity anode materials for constructing high energy density lithium ion batteries.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1439095
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1495510
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-131369
Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855; PII: S221128551830363X
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; DEAC02-05CH11231; DEAC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 50; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; silicon; anode; porous structure; nano pores; micrometer-sized silicon; Li ion batteries

Citation Formats

Jia, Haiping, Zheng, Jianming, Song, Junhua, Luo, Langli, Yi, Ran, Estevez, Luis, Zhao, Wengao, Patel, Rajankumar, Li, Xiaolin, and Zhang, Ji -Guang. A Novel Approach to Synthesize Micrometer-Sized Porous Silicon as a High Performance Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.05.048.
Jia, Haiping, Zheng, Jianming, Song, Junhua, Luo, Langli, Yi, Ran, Estevez, Luis, Zhao, Wengao, Patel, Rajankumar, Li, Xiaolin, & Zhang, Ji -Guang. A Novel Approach to Synthesize Micrometer-Sized Porous Silicon as a High Performance Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.05.048
Jia, Haiping, Zheng, Jianming, Song, Junhua, Luo, Langli, Yi, Ran, Estevez, Luis, Zhao, Wengao, Patel, Rajankumar, Li, Xiaolin, and Zhang, Ji -Guang. Mon . "A Novel Approach to Synthesize Micrometer-Sized Porous Silicon as a High Performance Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.05.048. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1439095.
@article{osti_1439095,
title = {A Novel Approach to Synthesize Micrometer-Sized Porous Silicon as a High Performance Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Jia, Haiping and Zheng, Jianming and Song, Junhua and Luo, Langli and Yi, Ran and Estevez, Luis and Zhao, Wengao and Patel, Rajankumar and Li, Xiaolin and Zhang, Ji -Guang},
abstractNote = {Porous structured silicon (p-Si) has been recognized as one of the most promising anodes for Li-ion batteries. However, many available methods to synthesize p-Si are difficult to scale up due to their high production cost. Here we introduce a new approach to obtain spherical micrometer-sized silicon with unique porous structure by using a microemulsion of the cost-effective of silica nanoparticles and magnesiothermic reduction method. The spherical micron-sized p-Si particles prepared by this approach consist of highly aligned nano-sized silicon and exhibit a tap density close to that of bulk Si particles. They have demonstrated significantly improved electrochemical stability compared to nano-Si. Well controlled void space and a highly graphitic carbon coating on the p-Si particles enable good stability of the structure and low overall resistance, thus resulting in a Si-based anode with high capacity (~1467 mAh g–1 at 1 C), enhanced cycle life (370 cycles with 83% capacity retention), and high rate capability (~650 mAh g–1 at 5 C). Furthermore, this approach may also be generalized to prepare other hierarchical structured high capacity anode materials for constructing high energy density lithium ion batteries.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.05.048},
journal = {Nano Energy},
number = ,
volume = 50,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:

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Cited by: 178 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: a) Schematic illustration of the preparation process of the porous Si; b) TEM images of nano-SiO2. The inset shows an enlarged TEM image; c,d) SEM images of SiO2 pomegranates and the obtained porous Si, respectively. The insets show magnified images of the individual microparticles.

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Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.