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Title: Anomalous Hall effect in ZrTe5

Abstract

Research in topological matter has expanded to include the Dirac and Weyl semimetals which feature three-dimensional Dirac states protected by symmetry. Zirconium pentatelluride has been of recent interest as a potential Dirac or Weyl semimetal material. Here, we report the results of experiments performed by in situ three-dimensional double-axis rotation to extract the full 4π solid angular dependence of the transport properties. A clear anomalous Hall effect is detected in every sample studied, with no magnetic ordering observed in the system to the experimental sensitivity of torque magnetometry. Large anomalous Hall signals develop when the magnetic field is rotated in the plane of the stacked quasi-two-dimensional layers, with the values vanishing above about 60 K, where the negative longitudinal magnetoresistance also disappears. Finally, this suggests a close relation in their origins, which we attribute to the Berry curvature generated by the Weyl nodes.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics; Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES)
  2. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics
  3. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  4. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials
  5. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
  6. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; US Army Research Office (ARO); Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation; National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1438813
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1468606; OSTI ID: 1494087
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; GBMF4539; DMR 1420541; GBMF4546; W911NF-16-1-0116; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1745-2473
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Liang, Tian, Lin, Jingjing, Gibson, Quinn, Kushwaha, Satya, Liu, Minhao, Wang, Wudi, Xiong, Hongyu, Sobota, Jonathan A., Hashimoto, Makoto, Kirchmann, Patrick S., Shen, Zhi-Xun, Cava, R. J., and Ong, N. P. Anomalous Hall effect in ZrTe5. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41567-018-0078-z.
Liang, Tian, Lin, Jingjing, Gibson, Quinn, Kushwaha, Satya, Liu, Minhao, Wang, Wudi, Xiong, Hongyu, Sobota, Jonathan A., Hashimoto, Makoto, Kirchmann, Patrick S., Shen, Zhi-Xun, Cava, R. J., & Ong, N. P. Anomalous Hall effect in ZrTe5. United States. doi:10.1038/s41567-018-0078-z.
Liang, Tian, Lin, Jingjing, Gibson, Quinn, Kushwaha, Satya, Liu, Minhao, Wang, Wudi, Xiong, Hongyu, Sobota, Jonathan A., Hashimoto, Makoto, Kirchmann, Patrick S., Shen, Zhi-Xun, Cava, R. J., and Ong, N. P. Mon . "Anomalous Hall effect in ZrTe5". United States. doi:10.1038/s41567-018-0078-z. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1438813.
@article{osti_1438813,
title = {Anomalous Hall effect in ZrTe5},
author = {Liang, Tian and Lin, Jingjing and Gibson, Quinn and Kushwaha, Satya and Liu, Minhao and Wang, Wudi and Xiong, Hongyu and Sobota, Jonathan A. and Hashimoto, Makoto and Kirchmann, Patrick S. and Shen, Zhi-Xun and Cava, R. J. and Ong, N. P.},
abstractNote = {Research in topological matter has expanded to include the Dirac and Weyl semimetals which feature three-dimensional Dirac states protected by symmetry. Zirconium pentatelluride has been of recent interest as a potential Dirac or Weyl semimetal material. Here, we report the results of experiments performed by in situ three-dimensional double-axis rotation to extract the full 4π solid angular dependence of the transport properties. A clear anomalous Hall effect is detected in every sample studied, with no magnetic ordering observed in the system to the experimental sensitivity of torque magnetometry. Large anomalous Hall signals develop when the magnetic field is rotated in the plane of the stacked quasi-two-dimensional layers, with the values vanishing above about 60 K, where the negative longitudinal magnetoresistance also disappears. Finally, this suggests a close relation in their origins, which we attribute to the Berry curvature generated by the Weyl nodes.},
doi = {10.1038/s41567-018-0078-z},
journal = {Nature Physics},
number = 5,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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Cited by: 21 works
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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Panel A: Resistivity as a function of temperature for selected samples. The resistivity decreases as the system cools down at high temperatures before it increases rapidly and saturates eventually at low temperatures. The inset shows the crystal structure of ZrTe5. The triangle prisms connecting Zr ions and Te1more » ions (depicted as the red dashed lines) form 1D chains running along a-axis. Te2 ions, also forming zigzag chains along a-axis, extend along c-axis to connect ZrTe3 chains, making 2D layers. These 2D layers stack along b-axis via Van der Waals interactions to form the 3D crystal. Panel B: Torque magnetometry data as a function of magnetic field for selected samples at 2.5 K. The inset shows $τ$/H (torque divided by magnetic field). The torque $τ$ shows ∼ quadratic behavior, implying the dominant contribution is either paramagnetic or diamagnetic response. $τ$/H has no anomaly at low fields except for sample ZQ4, implying no magnetic order. For sample ZQ4, although small anomaly is found for $τ$/H below ∼ 0.3 T, the onset of the AHE is ≳ 1 T, so their origins are different. Furthermore, while every sample shows AHE, not all samples show the anomaly, again implying the different origins between them. Panel C shows ARPES results at T = 17 K. ARPES data show the carrier type is hole-like. The photon energy is 6 eV.« less

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      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.