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Title: Capsule implosions for continuum x-ray backlighting of opacity samples at the National Ignition Facility

Abstract

Direct drive implosions of plastic capsules have been performed at the National Ignition Facility to provide a broad-spectrum (500–2000 eV) X-ray continuum source for X-ray transmission spectroscopy. The source was developed for the high-temperature plasma opacity experimental platform. Initial experiments using 2.0 mm diameter polyalpha-methyl styrene capsules with ~20 μm thickness have been performed. X-ray yields of up to ~1 kJ/sr have been measured using the Dante multichannel diode array. The backlighter source size was measured to be ~100 μm FWHM, with ~350 ps pulse duration during the peak emission stage. Lastly, these results are used to simulate transmission spectra for a hypothetical iron opacity sample at 150 eV, enabling the derivation of photometrics requirements for future opacity experiments.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [2]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. National Security Technologies, LLC, Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  5. Naval Research Lab., Washington, D.C. (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Programs (DP) (NA-10)
OSTI Identifier:
1438698
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1361923; OSTI ID: 1463560
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-740876; LA-UR-18-22202
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; TRN: US1900491
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION

Citation Formats

Opachich, Y. P., Heeter, R. F., Barrios, M. A., Garcia, E. M., Craxton, R. S., King, J. A., Liedahl, D. A., McKenty, P. W., Schneider, M. B., May, M. J., Zhang, R., Ross, P. W., Kline, J. L., Moore, A. S., Weaver, J. L., Flippo, K. A., and Perry, T. S. Capsule implosions for continuum x-ray backlighting of opacity samples at the National Ignition Facility. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4985076.
Opachich, Y. P., Heeter, R. F., Barrios, M. A., Garcia, E. M., Craxton, R. S., King, J. A., Liedahl, D. A., McKenty, P. W., Schneider, M. B., May, M. J., Zhang, R., Ross, P. W., Kline, J. L., Moore, A. S., Weaver, J. L., Flippo, K. A., & Perry, T. S. Capsule implosions for continuum x-ray backlighting of opacity samples at the National Ignition Facility. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4985076.
Opachich, Y. P., Heeter, R. F., Barrios, M. A., Garcia, E. M., Craxton, R. S., King, J. A., Liedahl, D. A., McKenty, P. W., Schneider, M. B., May, M. J., Zhang, R., Ross, P. W., Kline, J. L., Moore, A. S., Weaver, J. L., Flippo, K. A., and Perry, T. S. Thu . "Capsule implosions for continuum x-ray backlighting of opacity samples at the National Ignition Facility". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4985076. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1438698.
@article{osti_1438698,
title = {Capsule implosions for continuum x-ray backlighting of opacity samples at the National Ignition Facility},
author = {Opachich, Y. P. and Heeter, R. F. and Barrios, M. A. and Garcia, E. M. and Craxton, R. S. and King, J. A. and Liedahl, D. A. and McKenty, P. W. and Schneider, M. B. and May, M. J. and Zhang, R. and Ross, P. W. and Kline, J. L. and Moore, A. S. and Weaver, J. L. and Flippo, K. A. and Perry, T. S.},
abstractNote = {Direct drive implosions of plastic capsules have been performed at the National Ignition Facility to provide a broad-spectrum (500–2000 eV) X-ray continuum source for X-ray transmission spectroscopy. The source was developed for the high-temperature plasma opacity experimental platform. Initial experiments using 2.0 mm diameter polyalpha-methyl styrene capsules with ~20 μm thickness have been performed. X-ray yields of up to ~1 kJ/sr have been measured using the Dante multichannel diode array. The backlighter source size was measured to be ~100 μm FWHM, with ~350 ps pulse duration during the peak emission stage. Lastly, these results are used to simulate transmission spectra for a hypothetical iron opacity sample at 150 eV, enabling the derivation of photometrics requirements for future opacity experiments.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4985076},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 6,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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