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Title: Nuclear Security Applications of Antineutrino Detectors: Current Capabilities and Future Prospects

Abstract

Antineutrinos are electrically neutral, nearly massless fundamental particles produced in large numbers in the cores of nuclear reactors and in nuclear explosions. In the half century since their discovery, major advances in the understanding of their properties, and in detector technology, have opened the door to a new discipline—Applied Antineutrino Physics. Because antineutrinos are inextricably linked to the process of nuclear fission, there are many applications of interest in nuclear nonproliferation. This work presents a comprehensive survey of applied antineutrino physics relevant for nonproliferation, summarizes recent advances in the field, describes the overlap of this nascent discipline with other ongoing fundamental and applied antineutrino research, and charts a course for research and development for future applications. It is intended as a resource for policymakers, researchers, and the wider nuclear nonproliferation community.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [2];  [2];  [6]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  5. Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States)
  6. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA; Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1438618
Report Number(s):
ANL-HEP-PR-09-47; LLNL-JRNL-416517
Journal ID: ISSN 0892-9882; TRN: US1900469
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science and Global Security
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0892-9882
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Bernstein, Adam, Baldwin, George, Boyer, Brian, Goodman, Maury, Learned, John, Lund, James, Reyna, David, and Svoboda, Robert. Nuclear Security Applications of Antineutrino Detectors: Current Capabilities and Future Prospects. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1080/08929882.2010.529785.
Bernstein, Adam, Baldwin, George, Boyer, Brian, Goodman, Maury, Learned, John, Lund, James, Reyna, David, & Svoboda, Robert. Nuclear Security Applications of Antineutrino Detectors: Current Capabilities and Future Prospects. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/08929882.2010.529785
Bernstein, Adam, Baldwin, George, Boyer, Brian, Goodman, Maury, Learned, John, Lund, James, Reyna, David, and Svoboda, Robert. Fri . "Nuclear Security Applications of Antineutrino Detectors: Current Capabilities and Future Prospects". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/08929882.2010.529785. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1438618.
@article{osti_1438618,
title = {Nuclear Security Applications of Antineutrino Detectors: Current Capabilities and Future Prospects},
author = {Bernstein, Adam and Baldwin, George and Boyer, Brian and Goodman, Maury and Learned, John and Lund, James and Reyna, David and Svoboda, Robert},
abstractNote = {Antineutrinos are electrically neutral, nearly massless fundamental particles produced in large numbers in the cores of nuclear reactors and in nuclear explosions. In the half century since their discovery, major advances in the understanding of their properties, and in detector technology, have opened the door to a new discipline—Applied Antineutrino Physics. Because antineutrinos are inextricably linked to the process of nuclear fission, there are many applications of interest in nuclear nonproliferation. This work presents a comprehensive survey of applied antineutrino physics relevant for nonproliferation, summarizes recent advances in the field, describes the overlap of this nascent discipline with other ongoing fundamental and applied antineutrino research, and charts a course for research and development for future applications. It is intended as a resource for policymakers, researchers, and the wider nuclear nonproliferation community.},
doi = {10.1080/08929882.2010.529785},
journal = {Science and Global Security},
number = 3,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {12}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Employing antineutrino detectors to safeguard future nuclear reactors from diversions
journal, August 2019

  • Stewart, Christopher; Abou-Jaoude, Abdalla; Erickson, Anna
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 10, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-11434-z

AGM2015: Antineutrino Global Map 2015
journal, September 2015

  • Usman, S. M.; Jocher, G. R.; Dye, S. T.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep13945

The PROSPECT physics program
journal, October 2016

  • Ashenfelter, J.; Balantekin, A. B.; Band, H. R.
  • Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/43/11/113001

Antineutrino Monitoring of Spent Nuclear Fuel
journal, November 2017


Directional Antineutrino Detection
journal, February 2015


First Search for Short-Baseline Neutrino Oscillations at HFIR with PROSPECT
journal, December 2018