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Title: Synthesis and Characterization of CuFe 2O 4 Nano/Submicron Wire–Carbon Nanotube Composites as Binder-free Anodes for Li-Ion Batteries

Here, a series of one-dimensional CuFe 2O 4 nano/sub-micron wires possessing different diameters, crystal phases, and crystal sizes have been successfully generated using a facile template-assisted co precipitation reaction at room temperature, followed by a short post-annealing process. The diameter and the crystal structure of the resulting CuFe 2O4 (CFO) wires were judiciously tuned by varying the pore size of the template and the post-annealing temperature, respectively. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were incorporated to generate CFO-CNT binder-free anodes, and multiple characterization techniques were employed with the goal of delineating the relationships between electrochemical behavior and the properties of both the CFO wires (crystal phase, wire diameter, crystal size) and the electrode architecture (binder-free vs. conventionally prepared approaches). The study reveals several notable findings. First, the crystal phase (cubic or tetragonal) did not influence the electrochemical behavior in this CFO system. Second, regarding crystallite size and wire diameter, CFO wires with larger crystallite sizes exhibit improved cycling stability, while wires possessing smaller diameters exhibiting higher capacities. Finally, the electrochemical behavior is strongly influenced by the electrode architecture, with CFO-CNT binder-free electrodes demonstrating significantly higher capacities and cycling stability compared to conventionally prepared coatings. The mechanism(s) associated with the high capacities under lowmore » current density but limited electrochemical reversibility of CFO electrodes under high current density were probed via x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) mapping with sub-micron spatial resolution for the first time. Results suggest that the capacity of the binder-free electrodes under high rate is limited by the irreversible formation of Cu 0, as well as limited reduction of Fe 3+, to Fe 2+ not Fe 0. The results (1) shed fundamental insight into the reversibility of CuFe 2O 4 materials cycled at high current density and (2) demonstrate that a synergistic effort to control both active material morphology and electrode architecture is an effective strategy for optimizing electrochemical behavior.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [3] ; ORCiD logo [4] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  4. State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-205692-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; binder-free electrode; copper ferrite; Li-ion batteries; nano/submicron wires; X-ray absorption spectroscopy; X-ray microfluorescence mapping
OSTI Identifier:
1438327