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Title: Paving the Way for Lignin Valorisation: Recent Advances in Bioengineering, Biorefining and Catalysis

In this study, lignin is an abundant biopolymer with a high carbon content and high aromaticity. Despite its potential as a raw material for the fuel and chemical industries, lignin remains the most poorly utilised of the lignocellulosic biopolymers. Effective valorisation of lignin requires careful fine-tuning of multiple “upstream” (i.e., lignin bioengineering, lignin isolation and “early-stage catalytic conversion of lignin”) and “downstream” (i.e., lignin depolymerisation and upgrading) process stages, demanding input and understanding from a broad array of scientific disciplines. This review provides a “beginning-to-end” analysis of the recent advances reported in lignin valorisation. Particular emphasis is placed on the improved understanding of ligninÏs biosynthesis and structure, differences in structure and chemical bonding between native and technical lignins, emerging catalytic valorisation strategies, and the relationships between lignin structure and catalyst performance.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2]
  1. Imperial College London, London (United Kingdom)
  2. Utrecht Univ., Utrecht (The Netherlands)
  3. Max-Planck-Institut fur Kohlenforschung, Mulheim an der Ruhr (Germany)
  4. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Angewandte Chemie (International Edition); Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 29; Journal ID: ISSN 1433-7851
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; bioengineering; biorefining; catalysis; lignin; lignocellulose
OSTI Identifier: