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Title: Clogging and transport of driven particles in asymmetric funnel arrays

Abstract

In this paper, we numerically examine the flow and clogging of particles driven through asymmetric funnel arrays when the commensurability ratio of the number of particles per plaquette is varied. The particle-particle interactions are modeled with a soft repulsive potential that could represent vortex flow in type-II superconductors or driven charged colloids. The velocity-force curves for driving in the easy flow direction of the funnels exhibit a single depinning threshold; however, for driving in the hard flow direction, we find that there can be both negative mobility where the velocity decreases with increasing driving force as well as a reentrant pinning effect in which the particles flow at low drives but become pinned at intermediate drives. This reentrant pinning is associated with a transition from smooth one-dimensional flow at low drives to a clogged state at higher drives that occurs when the particles cluster in a small number of plaquettes and block the flow. When the drive is further increased, particle rearrangements occur that cause the clog to break apart. We map out the regimes in which the pinned, flowing, and clogged states appear as a function of plaquette filling and drive. Finally, the clogged states remain robust at finitemore » temperatures but develop intermittent bursts of flow in which a clog temporarily breaks apart but quickly reforms.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1438149
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-21556
Journal ID: ISSN 1361-648X; TRN: US1900408
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter (Online); Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 1361-648X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Material Science; clogging; channel flow; jamming

Citation Formats

Olson Reichhardt, Cynthia J., and Reichhardt, Charles. Clogging and transport of driven particles in asymmetric funnel arrays. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-648X/aac247.
Olson Reichhardt, Cynthia J., & Reichhardt, Charles. Clogging and transport of driven particles in asymmetric funnel arrays. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/aac247
Olson Reichhardt, Cynthia J., and Reichhardt, Charles. Thu . "Clogging and transport of driven particles in asymmetric funnel arrays". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/aac247. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1438149.
@article{osti_1438149,
title = {Clogging and transport of driven particles in asymmetric funnel arrays},
author = {Olson Reichhardt, Cynthia J. and Reichhardt, Charles},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we numerically examine the flow and clogging of particles driven through asymmetric funnel arrays when the commensurability ratio of the number of particles per plaquette is varied. The particle-particle interactions are modeled with a soft repulsive potential that could represent vortex flow in type-II superconductors or driven charged colloids. The velocity-force curves for driving in the easy flow direction of the funnels exhibit a single depinning threshold; however, for driving in the hard flow direction, we find that there can be both negative mobility where the velocity decreases with increasing driving force as well as a reentrant pinning effect in which the particles flow at low drives but become pinned at intermediate drives. This reentrant pinning is associated with a transition from smooth one-dimensional flow at low drives to a clogged state at higher drives that occurs when the particles cluster in a small number of plaquettes and block the flow. When the drive is further increased, particle rearrangements occur that cause the clog to break apart. We map out the regimes in which the pinned, flowing, and clogged states appear as a function of plaquette filling and drive. Finally, the clogged states remain robust at finite temperatures but develop intermittent bursts of flow in which a clog temporarily breaks apart but quickly reforms.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-648X/aac247},
journal = {Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter (Online)},
number = 24,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 1 work
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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: (a) Illustration of a portion of the system showing the asymmetric funnel walls. In the initial state, each funnel plaquette holds $n$$c$ or $n$$c$ +1 particles where $N$$c$ = $n$$c$ +$f$ with integer $n$$c$ and 0 ≤ $f$ < 1. A drive $F$$D$ is applied in the easymore » (right blue arrow) or hard (left green arrow) direction along the $x$ axis. The full sample contains $N$$pl$ = 16 funnel plaquettes. (b,c,d) Illustrations of representative $F$$D$ = 0 particle configurations at commensurate fillings of $N$$c$ = (b) 3.0, (c) 4.0, and (d) 5.0.« less

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Layer Reduction in Driven 2D-Colloidal Systems through Microchannels
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Model of overdamped motion of interacting magnetic vortices through narrow superconducting channels
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Pinning and depinning of a classic quasi-one-dimensional Wigner crystal in the presence of a constriction
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Vortex dynamics in superconducting channels with periodic constrictions
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Commensurability-Dependent Transport of a Wigner Crystal in a Nanoconstriction
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Superconducting Fluxon Pumps and Lenses
journal, December 1999


Asymmetric weak-pinning superconducting channels: Vortex ratchets
journal, December 2007


Commensurability, jamming, and dynamics for vortices in funnel geometries
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Evidence of vortex jamming in Abrikosov vortex flux flow regime
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Rectification of vortex motion in a circular ratchet channel
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Clogging Time of a Filter
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Jamming of Granular Flow in a Two-Dimensional Hopper
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Geometry dependence of the clogging transition in tilted hoppers
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Cascading blockages in channel bundles
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Clogging and jamming transitions in periodic obstacle arrays
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Colloidal Dynamics on Disordered Substrates
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Particle separation induced by triangle obstacles in a straight channel
    journal, January 2020

    • Wu, Jian-Chun; Dong, Tian-Wen; Jiang, Gui-Wen
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 152, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5141040

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.