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Title: Integrated approaches for reducing sample size for measurements of trace elemental impurities in plutonium by ICP-OES and ICP-MS

Abstract

This study has demonstrated that bulk plutonium chemical analysis can be performed at small scales (\50 mg material) through three case studies. Analytical methods were developed for ICP-OES and ICP-MS instruments to measure trace impurities and gallium content in plutonium metals with comparable or improved detection limits, measurement accuracy and precision. In two case studies, the sample size has been reduced by 109, and in the third case study, by as much as 50009, so that the plutonium chemical analysis can be performed in a facility rated for lower-hazard and lower-security operations.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Aldermaston (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1438104
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-16-28848
Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731; TRN: US1900400
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 314; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Xu, Ning, Chamberlin, Rebecca M., Thompson, Pam, and Kaye, Philip. Integrated approaches for reducing sample size for measurements of trace elemental impurities in plutonium by ICP-OES and ICP-MS. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5517-2.
Xu, Ning, Chamberlin, Rebecca M., Thompson, Pam, & Kaye, Philip. Integrated approaches for reducing sample size for measurements of trace elemental impurities in plutonium by ICP-OES and ICP-MS. United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5517-2.
Xu, Ning, Chamberlin, Rebecca M., Thompson, Pam, and Kaye, Philip. Sat . "Integrated approaches for reducing sample size for measurements of trace elemental impurities in plutonium by ICP-OES and ICP-MS". United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5517-2. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1438104.
@article{osti_1438104,
title = {Integrated approaches for reducing sample size for measurements of trace elemental impurities in plutonium by ICP-OES and ICP-MS},
author = {Xu, Ning and Chamberlin, Rebecca M. and Thompson, Pam and Kaye, Philip},
abstractNote = {This study has demonstrated that bulk plutonium chemical analysis can be performed at small scales (\50 mg material) through three case studies. Analytical methods were developed for ICP-OES and ICP-MS instruments to measure trace impurities and gallium content in plutonium metals with comparable or improved detection limits, measurement accuracy and precision. In two case studies, the sample size has been reduced by 109, and in the third case study, by as much as 50009, so that the plutonium chemical analysis can be performed in a facility rated for lower-hazard and lower-security operations.},
doi = {10.1007/s10967-017-5517-2},
journal = {Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry},
number = 3,
volume = 314,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

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Figures / Tables:

Table 1 Table 1: Thermo fisher element 2 HR-ICP-MS operating parameters

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Works referenced in this record:

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.