skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Photoexcited Graphene Metasurfaces: Significantly Enhanced and Tunable Magnetic Resonances

Abstract

Artificially constructed metamaterials or metasurfaces with tailored resonant elements provide a revolutionary platform for controlling light at the subwavelength scale. Switchable or frequency-agile meta-devices are highly desirable in achieving more flexible functionalities and have been explored extensively by incorporating various materials, which respond to external stimuli. Graphene, a two-dimensional material showing extraordinary physical properties, has been found very promising for tunable meta-devices. However, the high intrinsic loss of graphene severely obstructs us from achieving high-quality resonance in various graphene metamaterials and metasurfaces, and the loss compensation can be considered as a straightforward strategy to take further advantages of enhanced light–graphene interactions. Here, we demonstrate that the photoexcited graphene, in which the quasi-Fermi energy of graphene changes corresponding to optical pumping, can boost the originally extremely weak magnetic resonance in a graphene split-ring metasurface, showing remarkable modulations in the transmission. In conclusion, our work pioneers the possibilities of optically pumped graphene metasurfaces for significant enhancement of resonances and feasible modulations.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [5]
  1. Northwestern Polytechnical Univ., Xi'an (China)
  2. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  3. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  4. The Institute of Dongguan-Tongji Univ., Guangdong (China); Tongji Univ., Shanghai (China)
  5. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); FORTH, Crete (Greece)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1438035
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9658
Journal ID: ISSN 2330-4022
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2330-4022
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; gain; graphene plasmonics; loss compensation; magnetic resonance; surface conductivity; terahertz metamaterials

Citation Formats

Fan, Yuancheng, Shen, Nian -Hai, Zhang, Fuli, Zhao, Qian, Wei, Zeyong, Zhang, Peng, Dong, Jiajia, Fu, Quanhong, Li, Hongqiang, and Soukoulis, Costas M. Photoexcited Graphene Metasurfaces: Significantly Enhanced and Tunable Magnetic Resonances. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.8b00057.
Fan, Yuancheng, Shen, Nian -Hai, Zhang, Fuli, Zhao, Qian, Wei, Zeyong, Zhang, Peng, Dong, Jiajia, Fu, Quanhong, Li, Hongqiang, & Soukoulis, Costas M. Photoexcited Graphene Metasurfaces: Significantly Enhanced and Tunable Magnetic Resonances. United States. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.8b00057.
Fan, Yuancheng, Shen, Nian -Hai, Zhang, Fuli, Zhao, Qian, Wei, Zeyong, Zhang, Peng, Dong, Jiajia, Fu, Quanhong, Li, Hongqiang, and Soukoulis, Costas M. Tue . "Photoexcited Graphene Metasurfaces: Significantly Enhanced and Tunable Magnetic Resonances". United States. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.8b00057. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1438035.
@article{osti_1438035,
title = {Photoexcited Graphene Metasurfaces: Significantly Enhanced and Tunable Magnetic Resonances},
author = {Fan, Yuancheng and Shen, Nian -Hai and Zhang, Fuli and Zhao, Qian and Wei, Zeyong and Zhang, Peng and Dong, Jiajia and Fu, Quanhong and Li, Hongqiang and Soukoulis, Costas M.},
abstractNote = {Artificially constructed metamaterials or metasurfaces with tailored resonant elements provide a revolutionary platform for controlling light at the subwavelength scale. Switchable or frequency-agile meta-devices are highly desirable in achieving more flexible functionalities and have been explored extensively by incorporating various materials, which respond to external stimuli. Graphene, a two-dimensional material showing extraordinary physical properties, has been found very promising for tunable meta-devices. However, the high intrinsic loss of graphene severely obstructs us from achieving high-quality resonance in various graphene metamaterials and metasurfaces, and the loss compensation can be considered as a straightforward strategy to take further advantages of enhanced light–graphene interactions. Here, we demonstrate that the photoexcited graphene, in which the quasi-Fermi energy of graphene changes corresponding to optical pumping, can boost the originally extremely weak magnetic resonance in a graphene split-ring metasurface, showing remarkable modulations in the transmission. In conclusion, our work pioneers the possibilities of optically pumped graphene metasurfaces for significant enhancement of resonances and feasible modulations.},
doi = {10.1021/acsphotonics.8b00057},
journal = {ACS Photonics},
number = 4,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 31 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Negative real-part of complex surface conductivity of the photoexcited graphene. Color plots of the surface conductivity as a function of frequency and quasi-Fermi level at the temperature of (a) 77 K and (b) 300 K.

Save / Share:

Works referencing / citing this record:

Hyperbolic metamaterials: From dispersion manipulation to applications
journal, February 2020

  • Guo, Zhiwei; Jiang, Haitao; Chen, Hong
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 127, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5128679

Graphene Plasmonics: A Platform for 2D Optics
journal, December 2018

  • Fan, Yuancheng; Shen, Nian‐Hai; Zhang, Fuli
  • Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/adom.201800537

Active Control of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in a Terahertz Metamaterial Array with Graphene for Continuous Resonance Frequency Tuning
journal, August 2018

  • Kindness, Stephen J.; Almond, Nikita W.; Wei, Binbin
  • Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/adom.201800570

Highly Efficient Ultra‐Broadband Terahertz Modulation Using Bidirectional Switching of Liquid Crystals
journal, September 2019

  • Chen, Xuequan; Li, Kaidi; Zhang, Rui
  • Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/adom.201901321

Design, Fabrication, and Modulation of THz Bandpass Metamaterials
journal, October 2019

  • Wang, Qinghua; Gao, Bingtao; Raglione, Michaella
  • Laser & Photonics Reviews, Vol. 13, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201900071

Simulation and analysis of light absorption in a new four-layered structure based on a metamaterial/graphene pair for solar cells
journal, July 2018

  • Hissi, Nour El Houda; Mokhtari, Bouchra; Shabat, Mohammed M.
  • Applied Physics A, Vol. 124, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00339-018-1988-4

Spectral characteristic based on sectorial-ring cavity resonator coupled to plasmonic waveguide
journal, February 2019


Tunable Triple-Band Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects Based on Double π-Shaped Metamaterial Resonators
journal, November 2019


Thermally controllable Mie resonances in a water-based metamaterial
journal, April 2019


Multipolar terahertz absorption spectroscopy ignited by graphene plasmons
journal, September 2019

  • Ciattoni, Alessandro; Conti, Claudio; Marini, Andrea
  • Communications Physics, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/s42005-019-0213-x

Optical properties of pyridine adsorbed polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using quantum chemical calculations
journal, January 2019

  • Mokkath, Junais Habeeb
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 21, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8cp06744a

Controlling optical polarization conversion with Ge 2 Sb 2 Te 5 -based phase-change dielectric metamaterials
journal, January 2018

  • Zhu, Wei; Yang, Ruisheng; Fan, Yuancheng
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 10, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8nr02587h

Gated graphene island-enabled tunable charge transfer plasmon terahertz metamodulator
journal, January 2019

  • Ahmadivand, Arash; Gerislioglu, Burak; Ramezani, Zeinab
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 11, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8nr10151e

Self-adaptive radiative cooling and solar heating based on a compound metasurface
journal, January 2020

  • Wang, Wanlin; Zhao, Zhongping; Zou, Qixuan
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 8, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc05634c

Electrically controllable plasmon induced reflectance in hybrid metamaterials
journal, November 2018

  • Habib, Mohsin; Gokbayrak, Murat; Ozbay, Ekmel
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 113, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5063461

Tunable multi-resonance of terahertz metamaterial using split-disk resonators
journal, February 2020

  • Zheng, Daoye; Hu, Xingzhuo; Lin, Yu-Sheng
  • AIP Advances, Vol. 10, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5139263

Structure-based tunable metamaterials for electromagnetically induced transparency windows in low terahertz frequency
journal, January 2020

  • Xu, Yafei; Wang, Xianqiao; Chen, Xuefeng
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 127, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5140220

Tunable terahertz cloaking and lasing by the optically pumped graphene wrapped on a dielectric cylinder
journal, March 2019


Wideband and multiband electromagnetically induced transparency in graphene metamaterials
journal, April 2019

  • Ning, Renxia; Gao, Xiang; Chen, Zhenhai
  • International Journal of Modern Physics B, Vol. 33, Issue 09
  • DOI: 10.1142/s0217979219500681

Recent Progresses of High-Temperature Microwave-Absorbing Materials
journal, June 2018


PT-symmetric coherent perfect absorber with graphene
journal, January 2018

  • Sarısaman, Mustafa; Tas, Murat
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 35, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1364/josab.35.002423

Realization of switchable EIT metamaterial by exploiting fluidity of liquid metal
journal, January 2019

  • Xu, Jing; Fan, Yuancheng; Yang, Ruisheng
  • Optics Express, Vol. 27, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1364/oe.27.002837

Perfect optical absorbers in a wide range of incidence by photonic heterostructures containing layered hyperbolic metamaterials
journal, January 2019


Independently tunable multi-band and ultra-wide-band absorbers based on multilayer metal-graphene metamaterials
journal, January 2019

  • Liu, Yan; Zhong, Renbin; Huang, Jiebiao
  • Optics Express, Vol. 27, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1364/oe.27.007393

Controllable coherent perfect absorber made of liquid metal-based metasurface
journal, January 2019

  • Yang, Fan; Fan, Yuancheng; Yang, Ruisheng
  • Optics Express, Vol. 27, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1364/oe.27.025974

Reconfigurable free-form graphene camouflage metasurfaces
journal, January 2018


Plasmon-induced nonlinearity enhancement and homogenization of graphene metasurfaces
journal, January 2019


Giant and controllable Goos-Hänchen shifts based on surface plasmon resonance with graphene-MoS 2 heterostructure
journal, January 2018

  • You, Qi; Shan, Youxian; Gan, Shuaiwen
  • Optical Materials Express, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1364/ome.8.003036

Dynamically tunable polarization-independent terahertz absorber based on bulk Dirac semimetals
journal, January 2019


Active control of EIT-like response in a symmetry-broken metasurface with orthogonal electric dipolar resonators
journal, January 2019

  • Yang, Ruisheng; Fu, Quanhong; Fan, Yuancheng
  • Photonics Research, Vol. 7, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1364/prj.7.000955

A Review of Tunable Acoustic Metamaterials
journal, August 2018

  • Chen, Shuang; Fan, Yuancheng; Fu, Quanhong
  • Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.3390/app8091480

Tuning Plasmon Induced Reflectance with Hybrid Metasurfaces
journal, March 2019


    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.