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Title: Gyrokinetic simulation study of magnetic island effects on neoclassical physics and micro-instabilities in a realistic KSTAR plasma

Here, we perform gyrokinetic simulations to study the effects of a stationary magnetic island on neoclassical flow and micro-instability in a realistic KSTAR plasma condition. Through the simulations, we aim to analyze a recent KSTAR experiment, which was to measure the details of poloidal flow and fluctuation around a stationary (2, 1) magnetic island [M. J. Choi et al., Nucl. Fusion 57, 126058 (2017)]. From the simulations, it is found that the magnetic island can significantly enhance the equilibrium E x B flow. The corresponding flow shearing is strong enough to suppress a substantial portion of ambient micro-instabilities, particularly ∇T e-driven trapped electron modes. This implies that the enhanced E x B flow can sustain a quasi-internal transport barrier for T e in an inner region neighboring the magnetic island. The enhanced E x B flow has a (2, 1) mode structure with a finite phase shift from the mode structure of the magnetic island. It is shown that the flow shear and the fluctuation suppression patterns implied from the simulations are consistent with the observations on the KSTAR experiment.
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  1. National Fusion Research Inst. (NFRI), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  3. National Fusion Research Inst. (NFRI), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)
  4. Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0013919; AC02-09CH11466; NFRI-EN1841-4; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24); Simmetrix Inc., Clifton Park, NY (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; plasma instabilities; plasma flows; classical mechanics; plasma confinement
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1436912; OSTI ID: 1459559