Monte Carlo Perturbation Theory Estimates of Sensitivities to System Dimensions
Abstract
Here, Monte Carlo methods are developed using adjointbased perturbation theory and the differential operator method to compute the sensitivities of the keigenvalue, linear functions of the flux (reaction rates), and bilinear functions of the forward and adjoint flux (kinetics parameters) to system dimensions for uniform expansions or contractions. The calculation of sensitivities to system dimensions requires computing scattering and fission sources at material interfaces using collisions occurring at the interface—which is a set of events with infinitesimal probability. Kernel density estimators are used to estimate the source at interfaces using collisions occurring near the interface. The methods for computing sensitivities of linear and bilinear ratios are derived using the differential operator method and adjointbased perturbation theory and are shown to be equivalent to methods previously developed using a collision history–based approach. The methods for determining sensitivities to system dimensions are tested on a series of fast, intermediate, and thermal critical benchmarks as well as a pressurized water reactor benchmark problem with iterated fission probability used for adjointweighting. The estimators are shown to agree within 5% and 3σ of reference solutions obtained using direct perturbations with central differences for the majority of test problems.
 Authors:

 Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
 Publication Date:
 Research Org.:
 Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
 Sponsoring Org.:
 USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA20); US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Rockville, MD (United States)
 OSTI Identifier:
 1438024
 Grant/Contract Number:
 NA0002576; NRCHQ13G38 0007
 Resource Type:
 Accepted Manuscript
 Journal Name:
 Nuclear Science and Engineering
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Volume: 189; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 00295639
 Publisher:
 American Nuclear Society  Taylor & Francis
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Monte Carlo; system dimensions; sensitivities
Citation Formats
Burke, Timothy P., and Kiedrowski, Brian C. Monte Carlo Perturbation Theory Estimates of Sensitivities to System Dimensions. United States: N. p., 2017.
Web. doi:10.1080/00295639.2017.1388093.
Burke, Timothy P., & Kiedrowski, Brian C. Monte Carlo Perturbation Theory Estimates of Sensitivities to System Dimensions. United States. doi:10.1080/00295639.2017.1388093.
Burke, Timothy P., and Kiedrowski, Brian C. Mon .
"Monte Carlo Perturbation Theory Estimates of Sensitivities to System Dimensions". United States. doi:10.1080/00295639.2017.1388093. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1438024.
@article{osti_1438024,
title = {Monte Carlo Perturbation Theory Estimates of Sensitivities to System Dimensions},
author = {Burke, Timothy P. and Kiedrowski, Brian C.},
abstractNote = {Here, Monte Carlo methods are developed using adjointbased perturbation theory and the differential operator method to compute the sensitivities of the keigenvalue, linear functions of the flux (reaction rates), and bilinear functions of the forward and adjoint flux (kinetics parameters) to system dimensions for uniform expansions or contractions. The calculation of sensitivities to system dimensions requires computing scattering and fission sources at material interfaces using collisions occurring at the interface—which is a set of events with infinitesimal probability. Kernel density estimators are used to estimate the source at interfaces using collisions occurring near the interface. The methods for computing sensitivities of linear and bilinear ratios are derived using the differential operator method and adjointbased perturbation theory and are shown to be equivalent to methods previously developed using a collision history–based approach. The methods for determining sensitivities to system dimensions are tested on a series of fast, intermediate, and thermal critical benchmarks as well as a pressurized water reactor benchmark problem with iterated fission probability used for adjointweighting. The estimators are shown to agree within 5% and 3σ of reference solutions obtained using direct perturbations with central differences for the majority of test problems.},
doi = {10.1080/00295639.2017.1388093},
journal = {Nuclear Science and Engineering},
number = 3,
volume = 189,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}
Web of Science
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