skip to main content


Title: Effect of annealing temperature on the photoluminescence and scintillation properties of ZnO nanorods

The effect of the annealing to enhance the photoluminescence (PL) and scintillation properties, as determined by pulse height distribution of alpha particle irradiation, has been investigated for solution grown ZnO nanorods For this investigation the ZnO nanorod arrays were grown on glass for 22 h at 95°C as a substrate using a solution based hydrothermal technique. The samples were first annealed for different times (30, 60, 90 and 120 min) at 300°C and then at different temperatures (100°C–600°C) in order to determine the optimum annealing time and temperature, respectively. Before annealing, the ZnO nanorod arrays showed a broad yellow–orange visible and near-band gap UV emission peaks. After annealing in a forming gas atmosphere, the intensity of the sub-band gap PL was significantly reduced and the near-band gap PL emission intensity correspondingly increased (especially at temperatures higher than 100°C). Based on the ratio of the peak intensity ratio before and after annealing, it was concluded that samples at 350°C for 90 min resulted in the best near-band gap PL emission. Similarly, the analysis of the pulse height spectrum resulting from alpha particles revealed that ZnO nanorod arrays similarly annealed at 350°C for 90 min exhibited the highest scintillation response.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Ataturk Univ., Erzurum (Turkey); Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  2. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  3. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); PhosphorTech Corp., Kennesaw, GA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 877; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Research Org:
North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development (NA-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: