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Title: Single-Phase Concentrated Solid-Solution Alloys: Bridging Intrinsic Transport Properties and Irradiation Resistance

Single-phase concentrated solid-solution alloys (SP-CSAs), including high entropy alloys (HEAs), are compositionally complex but structurally simple, and provide a playground of tailoring material properties through modifying their compositional complexity. The recent progress in understanding the compositional effects on the energy and mass transport properties in a series of face-centered-cubic SP-CSAs is the focus of this review. Relatively low electrical and thermal conductivities, as well as small separations between the interstitial and vacancy migration barriers have been generally observed, but largely depend on the alloying constituents. We further discuss the impact of such intrinsic transport properties on their irradiation response; the linkage to the delayed damage accumulation, slow defect aggregation, and suppressed irradiation induced swelling and segregation has been presented. We emphasize that the number of alloying elements may not be a critical factor on both transport properties and the defect behaviors under ion irradiations. Furthermore, the recent findings have stimulated novel concepts in the design of new radiation-tolerant materials, but further studies are demanded to enable predictive models that can quantitatively bridge the transport properties to the radiation damage.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2296-8016
Publisher:
Frontiers Research Foundation
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; solid-solution alloys; high entropy alloys; thermal conductivity; electrical resistivity; radiation damage; diffusion
OSTI Identifier:
1437905