skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Spatiotemporal control of laser intensity

Abstract

The controlled coupling of a laser to a plasma has the potential to address grand scientific challenges including reaching the Schwinger limit, developing compact free electron lasers, extending linear colliders to TeV energies, and generating novel light sources for probing electron dynamics within molecules. Currently, many such applications have limited flexibility and poor control over the laser focal volume. Here we present an advanced focusing scheme called a “flying focus” where a chromatic focusing system combined with chirped laser pulses enables a small–diameter laser focus to propagate nearly 100 times its Rayleigh length, while decoupling the speed at which the peak intensity moves from its group velocity. This unprecedented spatiotemporal control over the laser focal volume allows the laser focus to co- or counter–propagate along its axis at any velocity. Experiments validating the concept measured subluminal (-0.09c) to superluminal (39c) focal spot velocities generating a nearly constant peak intensity over 4.5 mm.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics; Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES)
OSTI Identifier:
1437582
Report Number(s):
2017-173; 13-98
Journal ID: ISSN 1749-4885; PII: 121; TRN: US1900343
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0001944; SC0016253
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1749-4885
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Froula, Dustin H., Turnbull, David, Davies, Andrew S., Kessler, Terrance J., Haberberger, Dan, Palastro, John P., Bahk, Seung-Whan, Begishev, Ildar A., Boni, Robert, Bucht, Sara, Katz, Joseph, and Shaw, Jessica L. Spatiotemporal control of laser intensity. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41566-018-0121-8.
Froula, Dustin H., Turnbull, David, Davies, Andrew S., Kessler, Terrance J., Haberberger, Dan, Palastro, John P., Bahk, Seung-Whan, Begishev, Ildar A., Boni, Robert, Bucht, Sara, Katz, Joseph, & Shaw, Jessica L. Spatiotemporal control of laser intensity. United States. doi:10.1038/s41566-018-0121-8.
Froula, Dustin H., Turnbull, David, Davies, Andrew S., Kessler, Terrance J., Haberberger, Dan, Palastro, John P., Bahk, Seung-Whan, Begishev, Ildar A., Boni, Robert, Bucht, Sara, Katz, Joseph, and Shaw, Jessica L. Mon . "Spatiotemporal control of laser intensity". United States. doi:10.1038/s41566-018-0121-8. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1437582.
@article{osti_1437582,
title = {Spatiotemporal control of laser intensity},
author = {Froula, Dustin H. and Turnbull, David and Davies, Andrew S. and Kessler, Terrance J. and Haberberger, Dan and Palastro, John P. and Bahk, Seung-Whan and Begishev, Ildar A. and Boni, Robert and Bucht, Sara and Katz, Joseph and Shaw, Jessica L.},
abstractNote = {The controlled coupling of a laser to a plasma has the potential to address grand scientific challenges including reaching the Schwinger limit, developing compact free electron lasers, extending linear colliders to TeV energies, and generating novel light sources for probing electron dynamics within molecules. Currently, many such applications have limited flexibility and poor control over the laser focal volume. Here we present an advanced focusing scheme called a “flying focus” where a chromatic focusing system combined with chirped laser pulses enables a small–diameter laser focus to propagate nearly 100 times its Rayleigh length, while decoupling the speed at which the peak intensity moves from its group velocity. This unprecedented spatiotemporal control over the laser focal volume allows the laser focus to co- or counter–propagate along its axis at any velocity. Experiments validating the concept measured subluminal (-0.09c) to superluminal (39c) focal spot velocities generating a nearly constant peak intensity over 4.5 mm.},
doi = {10.1038/s41566-018-0121-8},
journal = {Nature Photonics},
number = 5,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 14 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: (a) A schematic of the chromatic focusing system coupled to a spectrally chirped laser pulse. Measurements of the temporal evolution of the intensity at various longitudinal locations along the focus are shown. A negatively chirped pulse is shown where the colors changing in time from blue to red.more » For a more complete visualization of the flying focus, see movies in the supplementary information.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Raman Amplification with a Flying Focus
journal, January 2018


Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators
journal, June 2008

  • Malka, Victor; Faure, Jérôme; Gauduel, Yann A.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys966

Ultrahigh gradient particle acceleration by intense laser-driven plasma density waves
journal, October 1984

  • Joshi, C.; Mori, W. B.; Katsouleas, T.
  • Nature, Vol. 311, Issue 5986
  • DOI: 10.1038/311525a0

Monomode Guiding of 10 16 W / cm 2 Laser Pulses over 100 Rayleigh Lengths in Hollow Capillary Dielectric Tubes
journal, June 1999


Ionization waves of arbitrary velocity driven by a flying focus
journal, March 2018


Demonstration of a Discharge Pumped Table-Top Soft-X-Ray Laser
journal, October 1994


Beam-focus shaping by use of programmable phase-only filters: application to an ultralong focal line
journal, January 2002

  • Wattellier, B.; Sauteret, C.; Chanteloup, J. -C.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 27, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.27.000213

Developments in laser-driven plasma accelerators
journal, September 2013


Attosecond Lighthouses: How To Use Spatiotemporally Coupled Light Fields To Generate Isolated Attosecond Pulses
journal, March 2012


Demonstration of a Collisionally Excited Optical-Field-Ionization XUV Laser Driven in a Plasma Waveguide
journal, November 2003


Quasi-monoenergetic and tunable X-rays from a laser-driven Compton light source
journal, November 2013


Schwinger Limit Attainability with Extreme Power Lasers
journal, November 2010


Magnetically controlled plasma waveguide for laser wakefield acceleration
journal, January 2009


An ultra-high gain and efficient amplifier based on Raman amplification in plasma
journal, May 2017


The history of X-ray free-electron lasers
journal, June 2012


Controlling the velocity of ultrashort light pulses in vacuum through spatio-temporal couplings
journal, January 2017


Surfing the wake
journal, August 1998

  • Bingham, Robert
  • Nature, Vol. 394, Issue 6694
  • DOI: 10.1038/29170

Frequency Up-Conversion of Electromagnetic Radiation with Use of an Overdense Plasma
journal, July 1988


A new method for generating ultraintense and ultrashort laser pulses
journal, September 2007

  • Ren, Jun; Cheng, Weifeng; Li, Shuanglei
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 3, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys717

Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions
journal, July 2008


Laser-Induced Damage in Dielectrics with Nanosecond to Subpicosecond Pulses
journal, March 1995


5?Hz, >250?mJ optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier at 1053?nm
journal, January 2005

  • Bagnoud, Vincent; Begishev, Ildar A.; Guardalben, Mark J.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.30.001843

High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding
journal, September 2004

  • Geddes, C. G. R.; Toth, Cs.; van Tilborg, J.
  • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7008
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02900

Fast Compression of Laser Beams to Highly Overcritical Powers
journal, May 1999


Amplification of Ultrashort Laser Pulses by a Resonant Raman Scheme in a Gas-Jet Plasma
journal, April 2004


Multi-gigaelectronvolt acceleration of positrons in a self-loaded plasma wakefield
journal, August 2015


Multistage coupling of independent laser-plasma accelerators
journal, February 2016

  • Steinke, S.; van Tilborg, J.; Benedetti, C.
  • Nature, Vol. 530, Issue 7589
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature16525

Design and fabrication of random phase diffusers for extending the depth of focus
journal, January 2007

  • García-Guerrero, E. E.; Méndez, Eugenio R.; Escamilla, Héctor M.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.15.000910

All-optical Compton gamma-ray source
journal, April 2012


Channeling of terawatt laser pulses by use of hollow waveguides
journal, January 1995


Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses
journal, October 1993


High-order multiphoton Thomson scattering
journal, June 2017


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Optical space-time wave packets having arbitrary group velocities in free space
    journal, February 2019


    Cascaded chirped photon acceleration for efficient frequency conversion
    journal, May 2018

    • Edwards, Matthew R.; Qu, Kenan; Jia, Qing
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 25, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5030022

    Flying focus: Spatial and temporal control of intensity for laser-based applications
    journal, March 2019

    • Froula, D. H.; Palastro, J. P.; Turnbull, D.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5086308

    Stimulated Raman backscattering amplification with a low-intensity pump
    journal, October 2019

    • Wu, Z.; Chen, Q.; Morozov, A.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5094744

    Laser frequency upconversion in plasmas with finite ionization rates
    journal, August 2019

    • Qu, Kenan; Fisch, Nathaniel J.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5110292

    Compression of laser pulses by near-forward Raman amplification in plasma
    journal, January 2020

    • Wu, Z.; Chen, Q.; Morozov, A.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 27, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5116909

    Flying focus and its application to plasma-based laser amplifiers
    journal, November 2018

    • Turnbull, D.; Bahk, S-W; Begishev, I. A.
    • Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Vol. 61, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/aada63

    Plasma-based accelerators: then and now
    journal, August 2019


    Ionization waves of arbitrary velocity driven by a flying focus
    journal, March 2018


    Ionization Waves of Arbitrary Velocity
    journal, May 2018


    Photon Acceleration in a Flying Focus
    journal, September 2019


    Dephasingless Laser Wakefield Acceleration
    journal, March 2020


    Spatiotemporal light control with frequency-gradient metasurfaces
    journal, July 2019

    • Shaltout, Amr M.; Lagoudakis, Konstantinos G.; van de Groep, Jorik
    • Science, Vol. 365, Issue 6451
    • DOI: 10.1126/science.aax2357

    Spatio-temporal and spatiospectral metrology of terahertz broadband uniformly topologically charged vortex beams
    journal, December 2018

    • Kulya, Maksim; Semenova, Varvara; Gorodetsky, Andrei
    • Applied Optics, Vol. 58, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1364/ao.58.000a90

    Spatio-spectral metrology at focus of ultrashort lasers: a phase-retrieval approach
    journal, January 2018


    What is the maximum differential group delay achievable by a space-time wave packet in free space?
    journal, January 2019

    • Yessenov, Murat; Mach, Lam; Bhaduri, Basanta
    • Optics Express, Vol. 27, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1364/oe.27.012443

    Control of laser light by a plasma immersed in a tunable strong magnetic field
    journal, January 2019

    • Zheng, Xiaolong; Weng, Suming; Ma, Hanghang
    • Optics Express, Vol. 27, Issue 16
    • DOI: 10.1364/oe.27.023529

    Controlling the velocity of a femtosecond laser pulse using refractive lenses
    journal, January 2020

    • Jolly, Spencer W.; Gobert, Olivier; Jeandet, Antoine
    • Optics Express, Vol. 28, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1364/oe.384512

    Description of spatio-temporal couplings from heat-induced compressor grating deformation
    journal, January 2020

    • Leroux, Vincent; Eichner, Timo; Maier, Andreas R.
    • Optics Express, Vol. 28, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1364/oe.386112

    Influence of longitudinal chromatism on vacuum acceleration by intense radially polarized laser beams
    journal, January 2019


    Ionization-assisted refocusing of femtosecond Gaussian beams
    journal, January 2019

    • Gao, Xiaohui; Patwardhan, Gauri; Shim, Bonggu
    • Optics Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1364/ol.44.005888

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.