skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: e-ASTROGAM mission: a major step forward for gamma-ray polarimetry

Abstract

e-ASTROGAM is a gamma-ray space mission proposed for the fifth medium-size mission (M5) of the European Space Agency. It is dedicated to the study of the nonthermal universe in the photon energy range from ~ 0.15 MeV to 3 GeV with unprecedented sensitivity and angular and energy resolution, together with a ground-breaking capability for gamma-ray polarimetric measurements over its entire bandwidth. We discuss here the main polarization results expected at low energies, between 150 keV and 5 MeV, using Compton interactions in the e-ASTROGAM instrument, from observations of active galactic nuclei, gamma-ray bursts, microquasars, and the Crab Pulsar and Nebula. The anticipated performance of the proposed observatory for polarimetry is illustrated by simulations of the polarization signals expected from various sources. We show that polarimetric analyses with e-ASTROGAM should provide definitive insight into the geometry, magnetization, and content of the high-energy plasmas found in the emitting sources, as well as on the processes of radiation of these plasmas.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [5];  [6];  [4]
  1. Univ. Paris-Sud, Orsay (France); Univ. Paris-Saclay, Orsay (France). Centre de Sciences Nucleaires et de Sciences de la Matiere
  2. Univ. degli Studi di Padova (Italy)
  3. Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
  4. Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)
  5. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Kavli Inst. for Cosmological Physics (KICP)
  6. Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Roma (Italy). Istt. di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; European Union (EU)
Contributing Org.:
e-ASTROGAM Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1437579
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; 654215
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 01; Journal ID: ISSN 2329-4124
Publisher:
SPIE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma-ray astronomy; polarization; space mission; Compton telescope; pair creation telescope

Citation Formats

Tatischeff, Vincent, De Angelis, Alessandro, Gouiffes, Christian, Hanlon, Lorraine, Laurent, Philippe, Madejski, Grzegorz M., Tavani, Marco, and Uliyanov, Alexey. e-ASTROGAM mission: a major step forward for gamma-ray polarimetry. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1117/1.jatis.4.1.011003.
Tatischeff, Vincent, De Angelis, Alessandro, Gouiffes, Christian, Hanlon, Lorraine, Laurent, Philippe, Madejski, Grzegorz M., Tavani, Marco, & Uliyanov, Alexey. e-ASTROGAM mission: a major step forward for gamma-ray polarimetry. United States. doi:10.1117/1.jatis.4.1.011003.
Tatischeff, Vincent, De Angelis, Alessandro, Gouiffes, Christian, Hanlon, Lorraine, Laurent, Philippe, Madejski, Grzegorz M., Tavani, Marco, and Uliyanov, Alexey. Tue . "e-ASTROGAM mission: a major step forward for gamma-ray polarimetry". United States. doi:10.1117/1.jatis.4.1.011003. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1437579.
@article{osti_1437579,
title = {e-ASTROGAM mission: a major step forward for gamma-ray polarimetry},
author = {Tatischeff, Vincent and De Angelis, Alessandro and Gouiffes, Christian and Hanlon, Lorraine and Laurent, Philippe and Madejski, Grzegorz M. and Tavani, Marco and Uliyanov, Alexey},
abstractNote = {e-ASTROGAM is a gamma-ray space mission proposed for the fifth medium-size mission (M5) of the European Space Agency. It is dedicated to the study of the nonthermal universe in the photon energy range from ~ 0.15 MeV to 3 GeV with unprecedented sensitivity and angular and energy resolution, together with a ground-breaking capability for gamma-ray polarimetric measurements over its entire bandwidth. We discuss here the main polarization results expected at low energies, between 150 keV and 5 MeV, using Compton interactions in the e-ASTROGAM instrument, from observations of active galactic nuclei, gamma-ray bursts, microquasars, and the Crab Pulsar and Nebula. The anticipated performance of the proposed observatory for polarimetry is illustrated by simulations of the polarization signals expected from various sources. We show that polarimetric analyses with e-ASTROGAM should provide definitive insight into the geometry, magnetization, and content of the high-energy plasmas found in the emitting sources, as well as on the processes of radiation of these plasmas.},
doi = {10.1117/1.jatis.4.1.011003},
journal = {Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems},
number = 01,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Gamma-Ray Burst Polarimeter (GAP) aboard the Small Solar Power Sail Demonstrator IKAROS
journal, June 2011

  • Yonetoku, Daisuke; Murakami, Toshio; Gunji, Shuichi
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, Vol. 63, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/pasj/63.3.625

First measurement of the polarisation asymmetry of a gamma-ray beam between 1.7 to 74 MeV with the HARPO TPC
conference, July 2016

  • Gros, P.; Amano, S.; Attié, D.
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2231856

A precision measurement of the X-ray polarization of the Crab Nebula without pulsar contamination
journal, March 1978

  • Weisskopf, M. C.; Silver, E. H.; Kestenbaum, H. L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 220
  • DOI: 10.1086/182648

Expected performance of a hard X-ray polarimeter (POLAR) by Monte Carlo simulation
journal, July 2009

  • Xiong, Shaolin; Produit, Nicolas; Wu, Bobing
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 606, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2009.04.033

The AGILE Mission
journal, January 2009


Gamma-ray bursts in the swift-Fermi era
journal, January 2013


A relativistic jet from Cygnus X-1 in the low/hard X-ray state
journal, November 2001

  • Stirling, A. M.; Spencer, R. E.; de La Force, C. J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 327, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.2001.04821.x

POET: a SMEX mission for gamma ray burst polarimetry
conference, July 2014

  • McConnell, Mark L.; Baring, Matthew; Bloser, Peter
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2056905

Hard X-ray polarimetry with Astrosat-CZTI
journal, June 2015


Plans for the first balloon flight of the gamma-ray polarimeter experiment (GRAPE)
conference, July 2010

  • Connor, Taylor P.; Bancroft, Christopher M.; Bloser, Peter F.
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.857467

Polarized Gamma-Ray Emission from the Crab
journal, August 2008


A model of the cosmic ray induced atmospheric neutron environment
journal, March 2015


VARIABLE POLARIZATION MEASURED IN THE PROMPT EMISSION OF GRB 041219A USING IBIS ON BOARD INTEGRAL
journal, April 2009


Gamma-Ray Flares from the Crab Nebula
journal, January 2011


INTEGRAL hard X-ray spectra of the cosmic X-ray background and Galactic ridge emission
journal, March 2010


Astrosat czt Imager Observations of grb 151006a: Timing, Spectroscopy, and Polarization Study
journal, December 2016


Polarization of the Crab Pulsar and Nebula as Observed by the INTEGRAL /IBIS Telescope
journal, November 2008

  • Forot, M.; Laurent, P.; Grenier, I. A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 688, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/593974

Development and calibration of the tracking Compton/Pair telescope MEGA
journal, April 2005

  • Kanbach, G.; Andritschke, R.; Zoglauer, A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 541, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.01.071

MINUTE-TIMESCALE >100 MeV γ -RAY VARIABILITY DURING THE GIANT OUTBURST OF QUASAR 3C 279 OBSERVED BY FERMI -LAT IN 2015 JUNE
journal, June 2016


BoGEMMS: the Bologna Geant4 multi-mission simulator
conference, September 2012

  • Bulgarelli, A.; Fioretti, V.; Malaguti, P.
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.926065

NuSTAR AND MULTIFREQUENCY STUDY OF THE TWO HIGH-REDSHIFT BLAZARS S5 0836+710 AND PKS 2149–306
journal, July 2015


SEARCH FOR GAMMA-RAY EMISSION FROM X-RAY-SELECTED SEYFERT GALAXIES WITH FERMI -LAT
journal, February 2012


Polarization properties of photospheric emission from relativistic, collimated outflows
journal, April 2014

  • Lundman, C.; Pe'er, A.; Ryde, F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 440, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu457

Discovery of Powerful Gamma-Ray Flares from the Crab Nebula
journal, January 2011


Determination of the masses of the components of the HDE 226868/Cyg X-1 binary system
journal, February 2014

  • Ziółkowski, J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 440, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slu002

Variable Gamma-Ray Emission from the crab Nebula: Short Flares and long “Waves”
journal, February 2013


SPECTRAL STATE DEPENDENCE OF THE 0.4–2 MEV POLARIZED EMISSION IN CYGNUS X-1 SEEN WITH INTEGRAL /IBIS, AND LINKS WITH THE AMI RADIO DATA
journal, June 2015

  • Rodriguez, Jérôme; Grinberg, Victoria; Laurent, Philippe
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 807, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/807/1/17

The inner jet of an active galactic nucleus as revealed by a radio-to-γ-ray outburst
journal, April 2008

  • Marscher, Alan P.; Jorstad, Svetlana G.; D’Arcangelo, Francesca D.
  • Nature, Vol. 452, Issue 7190
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06895

Systematic Study of Gamma-Ray-Bright Blazars with Optical Polarization and Gamma-Ray Variability
journal, December 2016

  • Itoh, Ryosuke; Nalewajko, Krzysztof; Fukazawa, Yasushi
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 833, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/833/1/77

Demonstration of polarization sensitivity of emulsion-based pair conversion telescope for cosmic gamma-ray polarimetry
journal, October 2016

  • Ozaki, Keita; Takahashi, Satoru; Aoki, Shigeki
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 833
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2016.07.033

Constraining Emission Models of Luminous Blazar Sources
journal, September 2009


THE LARGE AREA TELESCOPE ON THE FERMI GAMMA-RAY SPACE TELESCOPE MISSION
journal, May 2009


Constraints on Lorentz Invariance Violation using integral/IBIS observations of GRB041219A
journal, June 2011


Super-Acceleration in the Flaring Crab Nebula
journal, October 2013


Detection of Gamma-Ray Polarization in Prompt Emission of grb 100826a
journal, November 2011


Magnetic Structures in Gamma-Ray Burst jets Probed by Gamma-Ray Polarization
journal, September 2012

  • Yonetoku, Daisuke; Murakami, Toshio; Gunji, Shuichi
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 758, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/758/1/L1

Gamma-Ray Observations of Active Galactic Nuclei
journal, September 2016


Comptonization of diffuse ambient radiation by a relativistic jet: The source of gamma rays from blazars?
journal, January 1994

  • Sikora, Marek; Begelman, Mitchell C.; Rees, Martin J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 421
  • DOI: 10.1086/173633

Orbital elements and an analysis of models for HDE 226868 = Cygnus X-1
journal, September 1975

  • Bolton, C. T.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 200
  • DOI: 10.1086/153785

Energetic constraints on a rapid gamma-ray flare in PKS 1222+216: Energetics of a VHE flare in PKS 1222+216
journal, August 2012

  • Nalewajko, Krzysztof; Begelman, Mitchell C.; Cerutti, Benoît
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 425, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21721.x

Radiation and Polarization Signatures of the 3d Multizone Time-Dependent Hadronic Blazar Model
journal, September 2016


Polarized Gamma-Ray Emission from the Galactic Black Hole Cygnus X-1
journal, March 2011


High Energy Polarization of Blazars: Detection Prospects
journal, December 2014


RoboPol : do optical polarization rotations occur in all blazars?
journal, July 2016

  • Blinov, D.; Pavlidou, V.; Papadakis, I.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 462, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1732

The mass of the Black hole in Cygnus x-1
journal, November 2011

  • Orosz, Jerome A.; McClintock, Jeffrey E.; Aufdenberg, Jason P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 742, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/742/2/84

Short-Duration Gamma-Ray Bursts
journal, August 2014


Polarimetry of cosmic gamma-ray sources above <mml:math altimg="si0067.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd" xmlns:sa="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-aff/dtd"><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">e</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi mathvariant="normal">e</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>−</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:math> pair creation threshold
journal, November 2013

  • Bernard, D.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 729
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.07.047

The Structure and Emission Model of the Relativistic jet in the Quasar 3c 279 Inferred from Radio to High-Energy γ-Ray Observations in 2008-2010
journal, July 2012


Hard X-ray emission of the Earth's atmosphere: Monte Carlo simulations
journal, June 2007


GeV OBSERVATIONS OF STAR-FORMING GALAXIES WITH THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
journal, August 2012


A comprehensive analysis of the hard X-ray spectra of bright Seyfert galaxies
journal, March 2016

  • Lubiński, P.; Beckmann, V.; Gibaud, L.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 458, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw454

MEGAlib – The Medium Energy Gamma-ray Astronomy Library
journal, October 2006


The e-ASTROGAM gamma-ray space mission
conference, July 2016

  • Tatischeff, V.; Tavani, M.; von Ballmoos, P.
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2231601

The radiation environment in a low earth orbit:the case of BeppoSAX
journal, June 2014

  • Campana, Riccardo; Orlandini, Mauro; Del Monte, Ettore
  • Experimental Astronomy, Vol. 37, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10686-014-9394-1

Cosmic X-ray Sources
journal, January 1965


X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Polarization in Leptonic and Hadronic jet Models of Blazars
journal, August 2013


BATSE observations of gamma-ray burst spectra. I - Spectral diversity
journal, August 1993

  • Band, D.; Matteson, J.; Ford, L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 413
  • DOI: 10.1086/172995

The e-ASTROGAM mission: Exploring the extreme Universe with gamma rays in the MeV – GeV range
journal, June 2017


Polarisation studies of the prompt gamma-ray emission from GRB 041219a using the spectrometer aboard INTEGRAL
journal, April 2007


A recent change in the optical and γ-ray polarization of the Crab nebula and pulsar
journal, December 2015

  • Moran, P.; Kyne, G.; Gouiffès, C.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 456, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2780

SEPARATION OF TWO CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE HIGH ENERGY EMISSION OF CYGNUS X-1: POLARIZATION MEASUREMENTS WITH INTEGRAL SPI
journal, November 2012


A pair production telescope for medium-energy gamma-ray polarimetry
journal, July 2014


Earth X-ray albedo for cosmic X-ray background radiation in the 1–1000 keV band
journal, April 2008


The Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE)
conference, July 2016

  • Weisskopf, Martin C.; Ramsey, Brian; O'Dell, Stephen
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2235240

THE HIGH-ENERGY EMISSION OF THE CRAB NEBULA FROM 20 keV TO 6 MeV WITH INTEGRAL SPI
journal, September 2009


Observations of Cygnus X-1 in the MeV band by the INTEGRAL imager
journal, June 2017


Statistical Properties of Gamma-Ray Burst Polarization
journal, May 2009