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Title: Lepton flavorful fifth force and depth-dependent neutrino matter interactions

Abstract

Here, we consider a fifth force to be an interaction that couples to matter with a strength that grows with the number of atoms. In addition to competing with the strength of gravity a fifth force can give rise to violations of the equivalence principle. Current long range constraints on the strength and range of fifth forces are very impressive. Amongst possible fifth forces are those that couple to lepton flavorful charges $$L_e-L_{\mu}$$ or $$L_e-L_{\tau}$$. They have the property that their range and strength are also constrained by neutrino interactions with matter. In this brief note we review the existing constraints on the allowed parameter space in gauged $$U(1)_{L_e-L_{\mu}, L_{\tau}}$$. We find two regions where neutrino oscillation experiments are at the frontier of probing such a new force. In particular, there is an allowed range of parameter space where neutrino matter interactions relevant for long baseline oscillation experiments depend on the depth of the neutrino beam below the surface of the earth.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  3. (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1437389
Report Number(s):
CALT-TH-2018-012; FERMILAB-PUB-18-055-T; NUHEP-TH-18-04; arXiv:1803.00591
Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479; 1658447; TRN: US1900318
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2018; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Beyond Standard Model; Neutrino Physics

Citation Formats

Wise, Mark B., Zhang, Yue, and Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Lepton flavorful fifth force and depth-dependent neutrino matter interactions. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP06(2018)053.
Wise, Mark B., Zhang, Yue, & Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Lepton flavorful fifth force and depth-dependent neutrino matter interactions. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP06(2018)053.
Wise, Mark B., Zhang, Yue, and Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Fri . "Lepton flavorful fifth force and depth-dependent neutrino matter interactions". United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP06(2018)053. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1437389.
@article{osti_1437389,
title = {Lepton flavorful fifth force and depth-dependent neutrino matter interactions},
author = {Wise, Mark B. and Zhang, Yue and Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL},
abstractNote = {Here, we consider a fifth force to be an interaction that couples to matter with a strength that grows with the number of atoms. In addition to competing with the strength of gravity a fifth force can give rise to violations of the equivalence principle. Current long range constraints on the strength and range of fifth forces are very impressive. Amongst possible fifth forces are those that couple to lepton flavorful charges $L_e-L_{\mu}$ or $L_e-L_{\tau}$. They have the property that their range and strength are also constrained by neutrino interactions with matter. In this brief note we review the existing constraints on the allowed parameter space in gauged $U(1)_{L_e-L_{\mu}, L_{\tau}}$. We find two regions where neutrino oscillation experiments are at the frontier of probing such a new force. In particular, there is an allowed range of parameter space where neutrino matter interactions relevant for long baseline oscillation experiments depend on the depth of the neutrino beam below the surface of the earth.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP06(2018)053},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 6,
volume = 2018,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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