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Title: Effect of calcination temperature on the electrochemical properties of nickel-rich LiNi 0.76Mn 0.14Co 0.10O 2 cathodes for lithium-ion batteries

High energy density, nickel (Ni)-rich, layered LiNi xMn yCo zO 2 (NMC, x ≥ 0.6) materials are promising cathodes for lithium-ion batteries. However, several technical challenges, such as fast capacity fading and high voltage instability, hinder their large-scale application. Herein, we identified an optimum calcining temperature range for the Ni-rich cathode LiNi 0.76Mn 0.14Co 0.10O 2 (NMC76). NMC76 calcined at 750–775 °C exhibits a high discharge capacity (~215 mAh g –1 when charged to 4.5 V) and retains ca. 79% of its initial capacity after 200 cycles. It also exhibits an excellent high-rate capability, delivering a capacity of more than 160 mAh g –1 even at a 10 C rate. The high performance of NMC76 is directly related to the optimized size of its primary particles (100–300 nm) (which onstitute the spherical secondary particles of >10 µm) and cation mixing. Higher calcination temperature (≥800 °C) leads to rapid increase of primary particle size, poor cycling stability, and inferior rate capability of NMC76 due to severe micro-strain and -crack formation upon repeated lithium-ion de/intercalations. Furthermore, NMC76 calcined at 750–775 °C is a very good candidate for the next generation of Li ion batteries.
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  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855; PII: S2211285518303148
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02–05CH11231; AC05-76RL01830
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 49; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Nickel-rich cathodes; Calcination temperature; Cycling stability; Micro-strain; Crack formation; Lithium-ion batteries
OSTI Identifier: