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Title: Utilizing ion mobility spectrometry and mass spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and their metabolites

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are persistent environmental pollutants originating from incomplete combustion of organic materials and synthetic sources. PAHs, PCBs, and PBDEs have all been shown to have a significant effect on human health with correlations to cancer and other diseases. Therefore, measuring the presence of these xenobiotics in the environment and human body is imperative for assessing their health risks. To date, their analyses require both gas chromatography and liquid chromatography separations in conjunction with mass spectrometry measurements for detection of both the parent molecules and their hydroxylated metabolites, making their studies extremely time consuming. Here in this work, we characterized PAHs, PCBs, PBDEs and their hydroxylated metabolites using ion mobility spectrometry coupled with mass spectrometry (IMS-MS) and in combination with different ionization methods including electrospray ionization (ESI), atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) and atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI). In conclusion, the collision cross section and m/z trend lines derived from the IMS-MS analyses displayed distinct trends for each molecule type. Additionally, the rapid isomeric and molecular separations possible with IMS-MS showed great promise for quickly distinguishing the parent and metabolized PAH, PCB, and PDBE molecules in complex environmental and biological samples.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Biological Sciences Division
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-130591
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-2670; PII: S0003267018302824
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Analytica Chimica Acta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Analytica Chimica Acta; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-2670
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Ion mobility spectrometry; Collision cross section; Xenobiotics; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Polychlorinated biphenyls; Polybrominated diphenyl ethers; Electrospray ionization; Atmospheric pressure chemical ionization; Atmospheric pressure photoionization
OSTI Identifier:
1437019

Zheng, Xueyun, Dupuis, Kevin T., Aly, Noor A., Zhou, Yuxuan, Smith, Francesca B., Tang, Keqi, Smith, Richard D., and Baker, Erin S.. Utilizing ion mobility spectrometry and mass spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and their metabolites. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2018.02.054.
Zheng, Xueyun, Dupuis, Kevin T., Aly, Noor A., Zhou, Yuxuan, Smith, Francesca B., Tang, Keqi, Smith, Richard D., & Baker, Erin S.. Utilizing ion mobility spectrometry and mass spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and their metabolites. United States. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2018.02.054.
Zheng, Xueyun, Dupuis, Kevin T., Aly, Noor A., Zhou, Yuxuan, Smith, Francesca B., Tang, Keqi, Smith, Richard D., and Baker, Erin S.. 2018. "Utilizing ion mobility spectrometry and mass spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and their metabolites". United States. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2018.02.054.
@article{osti_1437019,
title = {Utilizing ion mobility spectrometry and mass spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and their metabolites},
author = {Zheng, Xueyun and Dupuis, Kevin T. and Aly, Noor A. and Zhou, Yuxuan and Smith, Francesca B. and Tang, Keqi and Smith, Richard D. and Baker, Erin S.},
abstractNote = {Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are persistent environmental pollutants originating from incomplete combustion of organic materials and synthetic sources. PAHs, PCBs, and PBDEs have all been shown to have a significant effect on human health with correlations to cancer and other diseases. Therefore, measuring the presence of these xenobiotics in the environment and human body is imperative for assessing their health risks. To date, their analyses require both gas chromatography and liquid chromatography separations in conjunction with mass spectrometry measurements for detection of both the parent molecules and their hydroxylated metabolites, making their studies extremely time consuming. Here in this work, we characterized PAHs, PCBs, PBDEs and their hydroxylated metabolites using ion mobility spectrometry coupled with mass spectrometry (IMS-MS) and in combination with different ionization methods including electrospray ionization (ESI), atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) and atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI). In conclusion, the collision cross section and m/z trend lines derived from the IMS-MS analyses displayed distinct trends for each molecule type. Additionally, the rapid isomeric and molecular separations possible with IMS-MS showed great promise for quickly distinguishing the parent and metabolized PAH, PCB, and PDBE molecules in complex environmental and biological samples.},
doi = {10.1016/j.aca.2018.02.054},
journal = {Analytica Chimica Acta},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}