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Title: Multi-frequency spin manipulation using rapidly tunable superconducting coplanar waveguide microresonators

Abstract

In this work, we demonstrate the use of frequency-tunable superconducting NbTiN coplanar waveguide microresonators for multi-frequency pulsed electron spin resonance (ESR) experiments. By applying a bias current to the center pin, the resonance frequency (~7.6 GHz) can be continuously tuned by as much as 95 MHz in 270 ns without a change in the quality factor of 3000 at 2 K. We demonstrate the ESR performance of our resonators by measuring donor spin ensembles in silicon and show that adiabatic pulses can be used to overcome magnetic field inhomogeneities and microwave power limitations due to the applied bias current. We take advantage of the rapid tunability of these resonators to manipulate both phosphorus and arsenic spins in a single pulse sequence, demonstrating pulsed double electron-electron resonance. Our NbTiN resonator design is useful for multi-frequency pulsed ESR and should also have applications in experiments where spin ensembles are used as quantum memories.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1437000
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1371498
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 111; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Asfaw, A. T., Sigillito, A. J., Tyryshkin, A. M., Schenkel, T., and Lyon, S. A. Multi-frequency spin manipulation using rapidly tunable superconducting coplanar waveguide microresonators. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4993930.
Asfaw, A. T., Sigillito, A. J., Tyryshkin, A. M., Schenkel, T., & Lyon, S. A. Multi-frequency spin manipulation using rapidly tunable superconducting coplanar waveguide microresonators. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4993930.
Asfaw, A. T., Sigillito, A. J., Tyryshkin, A. M., Schenkel, T., and Lyon, S. A. Mon . "Multi-frequency spin manipulation using rapidly tunable superconducting coplanar waveguide microresonators". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4993930. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1437000.
@article{osti_1437000,
title = {Multi-frequency spin manipulation using rapidly tunable superconducting coplanar waveguide microresonators},
author = {Asfaw, A. T. and Sigillito, A. J. and Tyryshkin, A. M. and Schenkel, T. and Lyon, S. A.},
abstractNote = {In this work, we demonstrate the use of frequency-tunable superconducting NbTiN coplanar waveguide microresonators for multi-frequency pulsed electron spin resonance (ESR) experiments. By applying a bias current to the center pin, the resonance frequency (~7.6 GHz) can be continuously tuned by as much as 95 MHz in 270 ns without a change in the quality factor of 3000 at 2 K. We demonstrate the ESR performance of our resonators by measuring donor spin ensembles in silicon and show that adiabatic pulses can be used to overcome magnetic field inhomogeneities and microwave power limitations due to the applied bias current. We take advantage of the rapid tunability of these resonators to manipulate both phosphorus and arsenic spins in a single pulse sequence, demonstrating pulsed double electron-electron resonance. Our NbTiN resonator design is useful for multi-frequency pulsed ESR and should also have applications in experiments where spin ensembles are used as quantum memories.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4993930},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 3,
volume = 111,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 7 works
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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: (a) Optical micrograph of a tunable superconducting coplanar photonic bandgap microresonator. The device is patterned from a 20 nm NbTiN thin film on a c-axis sapphire substrate. The photonic bandgap is defined by the two Bragg mirrors on either side of the cavity. The Bragg mirrors are implementedmore » using stepped impedances (top inset) and the resonance frequency is determined by the length of the cavity. The stepped impedances are tapered at both ends of the cavity to avoid current crowding (bottom inset). The center pin is continuous throughout the device from the input port to the output port. Three such devices are investigated with cavity center pin widths of 1.5 μm, 2.5 μm and 4 μm. (b) The resonance frequency of the 4 μm device shifts by δf = 52 MHz for a bias current of 5 mA, with no change in the quality factor of 3000. (c) Dependence of f on bias current for the three different devices. The maximum value of f before the bias current exceeds the critical current is seen to be 95 MHz, 78 MHz and 52 MHz for the 1.5 μm, 2.5 μm and 4 μm devices, respectively. The fits (red lines) are generated using Eq. 1.« less

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