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Title: Model-independent indirect detection constraints on hidden sector dark matter

If dark matter inhabits an expanded ``hidden sector'', annihilations may proceed through sequential decays or multi-body final states. We map out the potential signals and current constraints on such a framework in indirect searches, using a model-independent setup based on multi-step hierarchical cascade decays. While remaining agnostic to the details of the hidden sector model, our framework captures the generic broadening of the spectrum of secondary particles (photons, neutrinos, e +e - and $$\overline{p}$$ p) relative to the case of direct annihilation to Standard Model particles. We explore how indirect constraints on dark matter annihilation limit the parameter space for such cascade/multi-particle decays. We investigate limits from the cosmic microwave background by Planck, the Fermi measurement of photons from the dwarf galaxies, and positron data from AMS-02. The presence of a hidden sector can change the constraints on the dark matter by up to an order of magnitude in either direction (although the effect can be much smaller). We find that generally the bound from the Fermi dwarfs is most constraining for annihilations to photon-rich final states, while AMS-02 is most constraining for electron and muon final states; however in certain instances the CMB bounds overtake both, due to their approximate independence on the details of the hidden sector cascade. We provide the full set of cascade spectra considered here as publicly available code with examples at http://web.mit.edu/lns/research/CascadeSpectra.html.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Center for Theoretical Physics
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0013999; SC00012567
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2016; Journal Issue: 06; Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; cosmic ray theory; dark matter theory; gamma ray theory
OSTI Identifier:
1436984

Elor, Gilly, Rodd, Nicholas L., Slatyer, Tracy R., and Xue, Wei. Model-independent indirect detection constraints on hidden sector dark matter. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2016/06/024.
Elor, Gilly, Rodd, Nicholas L., Slatyer, Tracy R., & Xue, Wei. Model-independent indirect detection constraints on hidden sector dark matter. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2016/06/024.
Elor, Gilly, Rodd, Nicholas L., Slatyer, Tracy R., and Xue, Wei. 2016. "Model-independent indirect detection constraints on hidden sector dark matter". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2016/06/024. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436984.
@article{osti_1436984,
title = {Model-independent indirect detection constraints on hidden sector dark matter},
author = {Elor, Gilly and Rodd, Nicholas L. and Slatyer, Tracy R. and Xue, Wei},
abstractNote = {If dark matter inhabits an expanded ``hidden sector'', annihilations may proceed through sequential decays or multi-body final states. We map out the potential signals and current constraints on such a framework in indirect searches, using a model-independent setup based on multi-step hierarchical cascade decays. While remaining agnostic to the details of the hidden sector model, our framework captures the generic broadening of the spectrum of secondary particles (photons, neutrinos, e+e- and $\overline{p}$ p) relative to the case of direct annihilation to Standard Model particles. We explore how indirect constraints on dark matter annihilation limit the parameter space for such cascade/multi-particle decays. We investigate limits from the cosmic microwave background by Planck, the Fermi measurement of photons from the dwarf galaxies, and positron data from AMS-02. The presence of a hidden sector can change the constraints on the dark matter by up to an order of magnitude in either direction (although the effect can be much smaller). We find that generally the bound from the Fermi dwarfs is most constraining for annihilations to photon-rich final states, while AMS-02 is most constraining for electron and muon final states; however in certain instances the CMB bounds overtake both, due to their approximate independence on the details of the hidden sector cascade. We provide the full set of cascade spectra considered here as publicly available code with examples at http://web.mit.edu/lns/research/CascadeSpectra.html.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2016/06/024},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 06,
volume = 2016,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}