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Title: Theoretical Considerations for Improving the Pulse Power of a Battery through the Addition of a Second Electrochemically Active Material

Abstract

Here, porous electrode theory is used to conduct case studies for when the addition of a second electrochemically active material can improve the pulse-power performance of an electrode. Case studies are conducted for the positive electrode of a sodium metal-halide battery and the graphite negative electrode of a lithium “rocking chair” battery. The replacement of a fraction of the nickel chloride capacity with iron chloride in a sodium metal-halide electrode and the replacement of a fraction of the graphite capacity with carbon black in a lithium-ion negative electrode were both predicted to increase the maximum pulse power by up to 40%. In general, whether or not a second electrochemically active material increases the pulse power depends on the relative importance of ohmic-to-charge transfer resistances within the porous structure, the capacity fraction of the second electrochemically active material, and the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the two active materials.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1436685
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012673
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 163; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; depth of discharge; electrode design; high current; lithium-ion; ZEBRA

Citation Formats

Knehr, K. W., and West, Alan C. Theoretical Considerations for Improving the Pulse Power of a Battery through the Addition of a Second Electrochemically Active Material. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0621608jes.
Knehr, K. W., & West, Alan C. Theoretical Considerations for Improving the Pulse Power of a Battery through the Addition of a Second Electrochemically Active Material. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0621608jes.
Knehr, K. W., and West, Alan C. Thu . "Theoretical Considerations for Improving the Pulse Power of a Battery through the Addition of a Second Electrochemically Active Material". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0621608jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436685.
@article{osti_1436685,
title = {Theoretical Considerations for Improving the Pulse Power of a Battery through the Addition of a Second Electrochemically Active Material},
author = {Knehr, K. W. and West, Alan C.},
abstractNote = {Here, porous electrode theory is used to conduct case studies for when the addition of a second electrochemically active material can improve the pulse-power performance of an electrode. Case studies are conducted for the positive electrode of a sodium metal-halide battery and the graphite negative electrode of a lithium “rocking chair” battery. The replacement of a fraction of the nickel chloride capacity with iron chloride in a sodium metal-halide electrode and the replacement of a fraction of the graphite capacity with carbon black in a lithium-ion negative electrode were both predicted to increase the maximum pulse power by up to 40%. In general, whether or not a second electrochemically active material increases the pulse power depends on the relative importance of ohmic-to-charge transfer resistances within the porous structure, the capacity fraction of the second electrochemically active material, and the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the two active materials.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0621608jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 8,
volume = 163,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Schematic detailing how the addition of a second electrochemically active material can decrease the ionic resistance within an electrode during pulse-power operation at high depths of discharge. The schematic is valid for electrodes where the ionic resistance is much larger than the ohmic resistance.

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Works referenced in this record:

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Graphitized porous carbon microspheres assembled with carbon black nanoparticles as improved anode materials in Li-ion batteries
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Mathematical model of lithium-ion batteries with blended-electrode system
    journal, October 2014


    Non-isothermal electrochemical model for lithium-ion cells with composite cathodes
    journal, June 2015


    Graphites for Lithium-Ion Cells: The Correlation of the First-Cycle Charge Loss with the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller Surface Area
    journal, January 1998

    • Winter, Martin
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 145, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1149/1.1838281

    Experiments on and Modeling of Positive Electrodes with Multiple Active Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries
    journal, January 2009

    • Albertus, Paul; Christensen, Jake; Newman, John
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 156, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1149/1.3129656

    Simulation and Optimization of the Dual Lithium Ion Insertion Cell
    journal, January 1994

    • Fuller, Thomas F.
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 141, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1149/1.2054684

    Modeling of Galvanostatic Charge and Discharge of the Lithium/Polymer/Insertion Cell
    journal, January 1993

    • Doyle, Marc
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 140, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1149/1.2221597

    Anode microstructures from high-energy and high-power lithium-ion cylindrical cells obtained by X-ray nano-tomography
    journal, December 2014


    An extended homogenized porous electrode model for lithium-ion cell electrodes
    journal, May 2015


    Comparison of Modeling Predictions with Experimental Data from Plastic Lithium Ion Cells
    journal, January 1996

    • Doyle, Marc
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 143, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1149/1.1836921

    Electrochemical properties of Super P carbon black as an anode active material for lithium-ion batteries
    journal, November 2011


    Modeling Lithium Intercalation of Single-Fiber Carbon Microelectrodes
    journal, January 1996

    • Verbrugge, Mark W.
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 143, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1149/1.1836486

    Charge-Discharge Characteristics of the Mesocarbon Miocrobeads Heat-Treated at Different Temperatures
    journal, January 1995

    • Mabuchi, Akihiro
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 142, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1149/1.2044128

    Galvanostatic Intermittent Titration Study of the Positive Electrode of a Na|Ni(Fe)-Chloride Cell
    journal, January 2015

    • Zhu, Ruixing; Vallance, Michael; Rahimian, Saeed Khaleghi
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1149/2.0471510jes

    Graphitized porous carbon microspheres assembled with carbon black nanoparticles as improved anode materials in Li-ion batteries
    journal, January 2014

    • Zhang, Lei; Zhang, Meiju; Wang, Yanhong
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 2, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1039/c4ta00356j

    Local Tortuosity Inhomogeneities in a Lithium Battery Composite Electrode
    journal, January 2011

    • Kehrwald, Dirk; Shearing, Paul R.; Brandon, Nigel P.
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 158, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1149/2.079112jes

    In situ X-ray diffraction of prototype sodium metal halide cells: Time and space electrochemical profiling
    journal, February 2011


    Simulation and analysis of stress in a Li-ion battery with a blended LiMn 2 O 4 and LiNi 0.8 Co 0.15 Al 0.05 O 2 cathode
    journal, February 2014