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Title: Occupant behavior models: A critical review of implementation and representation approaches in building performance simulation programs

Occupant behavior (OB) in buildings is a leading factor influencing energy use in buildings. Quantifying this influence requires the integration of OB models with building performance simulation (BPS). This study reviews approaches to representing and implementing OB models in today’s popular BPS programs, and discusses weaknesses and strengths of these approaches and key issues in integrating of OB models with BPS programs. Two of the key findings are: (1) a common data model is needed to standardize the representation of OB models, enabling their flexibility and exchange among BPS programs and user applications; the data model can be implemented using a standard syntax (e.g., in the form of XML schema), and (2) a modular software implementation of OB models, such as functional mock-up units for co-simulation, adopting the common data model, has advantages in providing a robust and interoperable integration with multiple BPS programs. Such common OB model representation and implementation approaches help standardize the input structures of OB models, enable collaborative development of a shared library of OB models, and allow for rapid and widespread integration of OB models with BPS programs to improve the simulation of occupant behavior and quantification of their impact on building performance.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Building Technology and Urban Systems Division
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Building Technology and Urban Systems Division; Budapest Univ. of Technology and Economics (Hungary). School of Architecture
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Building Simulation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-3599
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Building Technologies Office (EE-5B); Clean Energy Research Center (CERC). Building Energy Efficiency (BEE); IEA EBC Annex 66
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; occupant behavior; data model; behavior modeling; building performance simulation; co-simulation
OSTI Identifier:
1436665

Hong, Tianzhen, Chen, Yixing, Belafi, Zsofia, and D'Oca, Simona. Occupant behavior models: A critical review of implementation and representation approaches in building performance simulation programs. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1007/s12273-017-0396-6.
Hong, Tianzhen, Chen, Yixing, Belafi, Zsofia, & D'Oca, Simona. Occupant behavior models: A critical review of implementation and representation approaches in building performance simulation programs. United States. doi:10.1007/s12273-017-0396-6.
Hong, Tianzhen, Chen, Yixing, Belafi, Zsofia, and D'Oca, Simona. 2017. "Occupant behavior models: A critical review of implementation and representation approaches in building performance simulation programs". United States. doi:10.1007/s12273-017-0396-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436665.
@article{osti_1436665,
title = {Occupant behavior models: A critical review of implementation and representation approaches in building performance simulation programs},
author = {Hong, Tianzhen and Chen, Yixing and Belafi, Zsofia and D'Oca, Simona},
abstractNote = {Occupant behavior (OB) in buildings is a leading factor influencing energy use in buildings. Quantifying this influence requires the integration of OB models with building performance simulation (BPS). This study reviews approaches to representing and implementing OB models in today’s popular BPS programs, and discusses weaknesses and strengths of these approaches and key issues in integrating of OB models with BPS programs. Two of the key findings are: (1) a common data model is needed to standardize the representation of OB models, enabling their flexibility and exchange among BPS programs and user applications; the data model can be implemented using a standard syntax (e.g., in the form of XML schema), and (2) a modular software implementation of OB models, such as functional mock-up units for co-simulation, adopting the common data model, has advantages in providing a robust and interoperable integration with multiple BPS programs. Such common OB model representation and implementation approaches help standardize the input structures of OB models, enable collaborative development of a shared library of OB models, and allow for rapid and widespread integration of OB models with BPS programs to improve the simulation of occupant behavior and quantification of their impact on building performance.},
doi = {10.1007/s12273-017-0396-6},
journal = {Building Simulation},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}