skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A Systematic Approach to Achieving High Performance Hybrid Lighting Phosphors with Excellent Thermal- and Photostability

Abstract

We have designed and synthesized a family of high-performance inorganic-organic hybrid phosphor materials composed of extended and robust networks of one-, two- and three-dimensions. Following a bottom-up solution-based synthetic approach, these structures are constructed by connecting highly emissive Cu 4I 4 cubic clusters via carefully selected ligands that form strong Cu-N bonds. They emit intensive yellow-orange light with high luminescence quantum efficiency, coupled with large Stokes shift which greatly reduces self-absorption. They also demonstrate exceptionally high framework- and photo-stability, comparable to those of commercial phosphors. The high stabilities are the result of significantly enhanced Cu-N bonds, as confirmed by the DFT binding energy and electron density calculations. Possible emission mechanisms are analyzed based on the results of theoretical calculations and optical experiments. Two-component white phosphors obtained by blending blue and yellow emitters reach an internal quantum yield (IQY) as high as 82% and correlated color temperature (CCT) as low as 2534 K. The performance level of this sub-family exceeds all other types of Cu-I based hybrid systems. The combined advantages make them excellent candidates as alternative rare-earth element (REE) free phosphors for possible use in energy-efficient lighting devices.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
  3. George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States). IMPACT
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1436618
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Fang, Yang, Liu, Wei, Teat, Simon J., Dey, Gangotri, Shen, Zeqing, An, Litao, Yu, Dechao, Wang, Lu, O'Carroll, Deirdre M., and Li, Jing. A Systematic Approach to Achieving High Performance Hybrid Lighting Phosphors with Excellent Thermal- and Photostability. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.201603444.
Fang, Yang, Liu, Wei, Teat, Simon J., Dey, Gangotri, Shen, Zeqing, An, Litao, Yu, Dechao, Wang, Lu, O'Carroll, Deirdre M., & Li, Jing. A Systematic Approach to Achieving High Performance Hybrid Lighting Phosphors with Excellent Thermal- and Photostability. United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201603444.
Fang, Yang, Liu, Wei, Teat, Simon J., Dey, Gangotri, Shen, Zeqing, An, Litao, Yu, Dechao, Wang, Lu, O'Carroll, Deirdre M., and Li, Jing. Wed . "A Systematic Approach to Achieving High Performance Hybrid Lighting Phosphors with Excellent Thermal- and Photostability". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201603444. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436618.
@article{osti_1436618,
title = {A Systematic Approach to Achieving High Performance Hybrid Lighting Phosphors with Excellent Thermal- and Photostability},
author = {Fang, Yang and Liu, Wei and Teat, Simon J. and Dey, Gangotri and Shen, Zeqing and An, Litao and Yu, Dechao and Wang, Lu and O'Carroll, Deirdre M. and Li, Jing},
abstractNote = {We have designed and synthesized a family of high-performance inorganic-organic hybrid phosphor materials composed of extended and robust networks of one-, two- and three-dimensions. Following a bottom-up solution-based synthetic approach, these structures are constructed by connecting highly emissive Cu4I4 cubic clusters via carefully selected ligands that form strong Cu-N bonds. They emit intensive yellow-orange light with high luminescence quantum efficiency, coupled with large Stokes shift which greatly reduces self-absorption. They also demonstrate exceptionally high framework- and photo-stability, comparable to those of commercial phosphors. The high stabilities are the result of significantly enhanced Cu-N bonds, as confirmed by the DFT binding energy and electron density calculations. Possible emission mechanisms are analyzed based on the results of theoretical calculations and optical experiments. Two-component white phosphors obtained by blending blue and yellow emitters reach an internal quantum yield (IQY) as high as 82% and correlated color temperature (CCT) as low as 2534 K. The performance level of this sub-family exceeds all other types of Cu-I based hybrid systems. The combined advantages make them excellent candidates as alternative rare-earth element (REE) free phosphors for possible use in energy-efficient lighting devices.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201603444},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = 3,
volume = 27,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 20 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple
journal, October 1996

  • Perdew, John P.; Burke, Kieron; Ernzerhof, Matthias
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 18, p. 3865-3868
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.3865

Tunable White-Light-Emitting Mn-Doped ZnSe Nanocrystals
journal, February 2014

  • Sharma, Vijay Kumar; Guzelturk, Burak; Erdem, Talha
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/am405978a

Luminescent Coordination Polymers Built Upon Cu4X4 (X=Br,I) Clusters and Mono- and Dithioethers
journal, May 2010

  • Harvey, Pierre D.; Knorr, Michael
  • Macromolecular Rapid Communications, Vol. 31, Issue 9-10
  • DOI: 10.1002/marc.200900893

White-light emission from near UV InGaN-GaN LED chip precoated with blue/green/red phosphors
journal, January 2003

  • Sheu, J. K.; Chang, S. J.; Kuo, C. H.
  • IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 15, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/LPT.2002.805852

Copper(I) halides: A versatile family in coordination chemistry and crystal engineering
journal, January 2010


Solvent Effects on the Assembly of [Cu 2 I 2 ]- or [Cu 4 I 4 ]-Based Coordination Polymers: Isolation, Structures, and Luminescent Properties
journal, October 2008

  • Chen, Yang; Li, Hong-Xi; Liu, Dong
  • Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/cg8004568

Self-Assembly of Broadband White-Light Emitters
journal, January 2014

  • Dohner, Emma R.; Hoke, Eric T.; Karunadasa, Hemamala I.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja411045r

Topological isomerism in coordination polymers
journal, January 2001

  • Blake, Alexander J.; Brooks, Neil R.; Champness, Neil R.
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1039/b103612m

A consistent and accurate ab initio parametrization of density functional dispersion correction (DFT-D) for the 94 elements H-Pu
journal, April 2010

  • Grimme, Stefan; Antony, Jens; Ehrlich, Stephan
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 132, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3382344

A Family of Highly Efficient CuI-Based Lighting Phosphors Prepared by a Systematic, Bottom-up Synthetic Approach
journal, July 2015

  • Liu, Wei; Fang, Yang; Wei, George Z.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b04840

Synthesis, crystal, luminescent properties and electronic structures of two copper(I) halide polymers based on Cu4I4 cubane tetramers
journal, February 2010


Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties
journal, December 2010

  • Ye, S.; Xiao, F.; Pan, Y. X.
  • Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports, Vol. 71, Issue 1, p. 1-34
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.mser.2010.07.001

Phosphorescence quantum yield enhanced by intermolecular hydrogen bonds in Cu4I4 clusters in the solid state
journal, January 2014

  • Mazzeo, Paolo P.; Maini, Lucia; Petrolati, Alex
  • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 43, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1039/c4dt00218k

A Semiconductor Bulk Material That Emits Direct White Light
journal, July 2008

  • Ki, Wooseok; Li, Jing
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja801601y

From 1D Chain to 3D Network: A New Family of Inorganic–Organic Hybrid Semiconductors MO 3 (L) x (M = Mo, W; L = Organic Linker) Built on Perovskite-like Structure Modules
journal, November 2013

  • Zhang, Xiao; Hejazi, Mehdi; Thiagarajan, Suraj J.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja4077556

A Codeposition Route to CuI−Pyridine Coordination Complexes for Organic Light-Emitting Diodes
journal, March 2011

  • Liu, Zhiwei; Qayyum, Munzarin F.; Wu, Chao
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja1065653

Systematic Approach in Designing Rare-Earth-Free Hybrid Semiconductor Phosphors for General Lighting Applications
journal, August 2014

  • Zhang, Xiao; Liu, Wei; Wei, George Z.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja507927a

White-Light Emission from Magic-Sized Cadmium Selenide Nanocrystals
journal, November 2005

  • Bowers, Michael J.; McBride, James R.; Rosenthal, Sandra J.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 127, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja055470d

Highly Luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS Nanocrystals and Their Application to White Light-Emitting Diodes
journal, February 2012

  • Kim, Sungwoo; Kim, Taehoon; Kang, Meejae
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja210211z

Solution-Processable White-Light-Emitting Hybrid Semiconductor Bulk Materials with High Photoluminescence Quantum Efficiency
journal, November 2011

  • Roushan, Mojgan; Zhang, Xiao; Li, Jing
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 51, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201105110

Photophysical studies in solution of the tetranuclear copper(I) clusters Cu4I4L4 (L = pyridine or substituted pyridine)
journal, April 1991

  • Kyle, Kevin R.; Ryu, Chong Kul; Ford, Peter C.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 113, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00008a026

Assembly of [CunIn]-based coordination polymers from cracking the 3D framework of bulk CuI via flexible N-heterocyclic ligands
journal, January 2009

  • Li, Ling-Ling; Li, Hong-Xi; Ren, Zhi-Gang
  • Dalton Transactions, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1039/b908697h

Prospects for LED lighting
journal, April 2009

  • Pimputkar, Siddha; Speck, James S.; DenBaars, Steven P.
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 3, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2009.32

Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor
journal, April 2004

  • Kim, J. S.; Jeon, P. E.; Choi, J. C.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 84, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1695441

Stabilization of (CuX) n Clusters (X = Cl, Br, I; n = 2, 4, 5, 6, 8) in Mono- and Dithioether-Containing Layered Coordination Polymers
journal, January 2015


Temperature dependence of the phosphorescence and of the thermally activated delayed fluorescence of 12 C 70 and 13 C 70 in amorphous polymer matrices. Is a second triplet involved?
journal, June 2014

  • Palmeira, Tiago; Fedorov, Alexander; Berberan-Santos, Mário N.
  • Methods and Applications in Fluorescence, Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1088/2050-6120/2/3/035002

Origins of the double emission of the tetranuclear copper(I) cluster Cu4I4(pyridine)4: an ab initio study
journal, October 1992

  • Vitale, Marcello; Palke, William E.; Ford, Peter C.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 96, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/j100200a023

Nanostructured Crystals:  Unique Hybrid Semiconductors Exhibiting Nearly Zero and Tunable Uniaxial Thermal Expansion Behavior
journal, November 2007

  • Li, Jing; Bi, Wenhua; Ki, Wooseok
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 129, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja075901n

Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Materials as Semiconducting Channels in Thin-Film Field-Effect Transistors
journal, October 1999


A coordination polymer of copper(i) iodide with 654 topology constructed from Cu4I4(DABCO)4
journal, January 2007

  • Bi, Minghui; Li, Guanghua; Hua, Jia
  • CrystEngComm, Vol. 9, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/b709852a

Achieving exceptionally high luminescence quantum efficiency by immobilizing an AIE molecular chromophore into a metal–organic framework
journal, January 2015

  • Hu, Zhichao; Huang, Guangxi; Lustig, William P.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 51, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CC07642G

NWChem: A comprehensive and scalable open-source solution for large scale molecular simulations
journal, September 2010

  • Valiev, M.; Bylaska, E. J.; Govind, N.
  • Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 181, Issue 9, p. 1477-1489
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2010.04.018

Phosphorescence versus Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence. Controlling Singlet–Triplet Splitting in Brightly Emitting and Sublimable Cu(I) Compounds
journal, October 2014

  • Leitl, Markus J.; Krylova, Valentina A.; Djurovich, Peter I.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja508155x

Cu 4 I 4 Clusters Supported by P N-type Ligands: New Structures with Tunable Emission Colors
journal, December 2011

  • Liu, Zhiwei; Djurovich, Peter I.; Whited, Matthew T.
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 51, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic2015226

Electronic Population Analysis on LCAO–MO Molecular Wave Functions. I
journal, October 1955

  • Mulliken, R. S.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 23, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1740588

Solution Processable MOF Yellow Phosphor with Exceptionally High Quantum Efficiency
journal, November 2014

  • Gong, Qihan; Hu, Zhichao; Deibert, Benjamin J.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja509446h

Density‐functional thermochemistry. III. The role of exact exchange
journal, April 1993

  • Becke, Axel D.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 98, Issue 7, p. 5648-5652
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.464913

Highly efficient organic light-emitting diodes from delayed fluorescence
journal, December 2012

  • Uoyama, Hiroki; Goushi, Kenichi; Shizu, Katsuyuki
  • Nature, Vol. 492, Issue 7428
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11687

Dual photoemissions from the room temperature solutions of the tetranuclear copper(I) clusters Cu4I4(py-X)4(py-X = substituted pyridine)
journal, January 1989

  • Kyle, Kevin R.; DiBenedetto, John; Ford, Peter C.
  • Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/c39890000714

White-light-emitting phosphor: CaMgSi2O6:Eu2+, Mn2+ and its related properties with blending
journal, November 2006

  • Lee, Sung Hun; Park, Je Hong; Son, Se Mo
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2399338

Narrow-band red-emitting Sr[LiAl3N4]:Eu2+ as a next-generation LED-phosphor material
journal, June 2014

  • Pust, Philipp; Weiler, Volker; Hecht, Cora
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4012

Donor and Acceptor Properties of the Chromium Tricarbonyl Substituent in Benzylic and Homobenzylic Anions, Cations, and Radicals
journal, October 2001

  • Merlic, Craig A.; Hietbrink, Bruce N.; Houk, K. N.
  • The Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 66, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/jo010620y

From 1D Chain to 3D Network:  Tuning Hybrid II-VI Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties
journal, June 2003

  • Huang, Xiaoying; Li, Jing; Zhang, Yong
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 125, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja0343611

Luminescent copper(I) complexes with halogenido-bridged dimeric core
journal, January 2016


Photoluminescence Properties of Multinuclear Copper(I) Compounds
journal, December 1999

  • Ford, Peter C.; Cariati, Elena; Bourassa, James
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 99, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr960109i

(Ca,Mg,Sr)9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: Phosphors for white-light near-UV LEDs through crystal field tuning and energy transfer
journal, January 2011

  • Huang, Chien-Hao; Wu, Pin-Jiun; Lee, Jyh-Fu
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1jm11018g

Controlling copper(I) halide framework formation using N-donor bridging ligand symmetry: use of 1,3,5-triazine to construct architectures with threefold symmetry
journal, January 1999

  • Blake, Alexander J.; Brooks, Neil R.; Champness, Neil R.
  • Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1039/a902290b

Solution-Processable White-Light-Emitting Hybrid Semiconductor Bulk Materials with High Photoluminescence Quantum Efficiency
journal, November 2011


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Nanostructured Crystals:  Unique Hybrid Semiconductors Exhibiting Nearly Zero and Tunable Uniaxial Thermal Expansion Behavior
    journal, November 2007

    • Li, Jing; Bi, Wenhua; Ki, Wooseok
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 129, Issue 46
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja075901n

    From 1D Chain to 3D Network:  Tuning Hybrid II-VI Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties
    journal, June 2003

    • Huang, Xiaoying; Li, Jing; Zhang, Yong
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 125, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja0343611

    White-light-emitting phosphor: CaMgSi2O6:Eu2+, Mn2+ and its related properties with blending
    journal, November 2006

    • Lee, Sung Hun; Park, Je Hong; Son, Se Mo
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 22
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2399338

    NWChem: A comprehensive and scalable open-source solution for large scale molecular simulations
    journal, September 2010

    • Valiev, M.; Bylaska, E. J.; Govind, N.
    • Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 181, Issue 9, p. 1477-1489
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2010.04.018

    Density‐functional thermochemistry. III. The role of exact exchange
    journal, April 1993

    • Becke, Axel D.
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 98, Issue 7, p. 5648-5652
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.464913

    Assembly of [CunIn]-based coordination polymers from cracking the 3D framework of bulk CuI via flexible N-heterocyclic ligands
    journal, January 2009

    • Li, Ling-Ling; Li, Hong-Xi; Ren, Zhi-Gang
    • Dalton Transactions, Issue 40
    • DOI: 10.1039/b908697h

    Controlling copper(I) halide framework formation using N-donor bridging ligand symmetry: use of 1,3,5-triazine to construct architectures with threefold symmetry
    journal, January 1999

    • Blake, Alexander J.; Brooks, Neil R.; Champness, Neil R.
    • Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.1039/a902290b

    Temperature dependence of the phosphorescence and of the thermally activated delayed fluorescence of 12 C 70 and 13 C 70 in amorphous polymer matrices. Is a second triplet involved?
    journal, June 2014

    • Palmeira, Tiago; Fedorov, Alexander; Berberan-Santos, Mário N.
    • Methods and Applications in Fluorescence, Vol. 2, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1088/2050-6120/2/3/035002

    Highly Luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS Nanocrystals and Their Application to White Light-Emitting Diodes
    journal, February 2012

    • Kim, Sungwoo; Kim, Taehoon; Kang, Meejae
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja210211z

    From 1D Chain to 3D Network: A New Family of Inorganic–Organic Hybrid Semiconductors MO 3 (L) x (M = Mo, W; L = Organic Linker) Built on Perovskite-like Structure Modules
    journal, November 2013

    • Zhang, Xiao; Hejazi, Mehdi; Thiagarajan, Suraj J.
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 46
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja4077556

    A Family of Highly Efficient CuI-Based Lighting Phosphors Prepared by a Systematic, Bottom-up Synthetic Approach
    journal, July 2015

    • Liu, Wei; Fang, Yang; Wei, George Z.
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 29
    • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b04840

    A coordination polymer of copper(i) iodide with 654 topology constructed from Cu4I4(DABCO)4
    journal, January 2007

    • Bi, Minghui; Li, Guanghua; Hua, Jia
    • CrystEngComm, Vol. 9, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1039/b709852a

    Photoluminescence Properties of Multinuclear Copper(I) Compounds
    journal, December 1999

    • Ford, Peter C.; Cariati, Elena; Bourassa, James
    • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 99, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1021/cr960109i

    Organic cation directed one-dimensional cuprous halide compounds: syntheses, crystal structures and photoluminescence properties
    journal, January 2019

    • Yue, Cheng-Yang; Lin, Na; Gao, Lu
    • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 48, Issue 27
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9dt01460h

    Cu 4 I 4 Clusters Supported by P N-type Ligands: New Structures with Tunable Emission Colors
    journal, December 2011

    • Liu, Zhiwei; Djurovich, Peter I.; Whited, Matthew T.
    • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 51, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1021/ic2015226

    Prospects for LED lighting
    journal, April 2009

    • Pimputkar, Siddha; Speck, James S.; DenBaars, Steven P.
    • Nature Photonics, Vol. 3, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2009.32

    Dual photoemissions from the room temperature solutions of the tetranuclear copper(I) clusters Cu4I4(py-X)4(py-X = substituted pyridine)
    journal, January 1989

    • Kyle, Kevin R.; DiBenedetto, John; Ford, Peter C.
    • Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1039/c39890000714

    Origins of the double emission of the tetranuclear copper(I) cluster Cu4I4(pyridine)4: an ab initio study
    journal, October 1992

    • Vitale, Marcello; Palke, William E.; Ford, Peter C.
    • The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 96, Issue 21
    • DOI: 10.1021/j100200a023

    Luminescent copper(I) complexes with halogenido-bridged dimeric core
    journal, January 2016


    Tunable White-Light-Emitting Mn-Doped ZnSe Nanocrystals
    journal, February 2014

    • Sharma, Vijay Kumar; Guzelturk, Burak; Erdem, Talha
    • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1021/am405978a

    Solvent Effects on the Assembly of [Cu 2 I 2 ]- or [Cu 4 I 4 ]-Based Coordination Polymers: Isolation, Structures, and Luminescent Properties
    journal, October 2008

    • Chen, Yang; Li, Hong-Xi; Liu, Dong
    • Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 8, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1021/cg8004568

    Topological isomerism in coordination polymers
    journal, January 2001

    • Blake, Alexander J.; Brooks, Neil R.; Champness, Neil R.
    • Chemical Communications, Issue 16
    • DOI: 10.1039/b103612m

    Highly efficient organic light-emitting diodes from delayed fluorescence
    journal, December 2012

    • Uoyama, Hiroki; Goushi, Kenichi; Shizu, Katsuyuki
    • Nature, Vol. 492, Issue 7428
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature11687

    Solution-Processable White-Light-Emitting Hybrid Semiconductor Bulk Materials with High Photoluminescence Quantum Efficiency
    journal, November 2011

    • Roushan, Mojgan; Zhang, Xiao; Li, Jing
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 51, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201105110

    Donor and Acceptor Properties of the Chromium Tricarbonyl Substituent in Benzylic and Homobenzylic Anions, Cations, and Radicals
    journal, October 2001

    • Merlic, Craig A.; Hietbrink, Bruce N.; Houk, K. N.
    • The Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 66, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1021/jo010620y

    White-Light Emission from Magic-Sized Cadmium Selenide Nanocrystals
    journal, November 2005

    • Bowers, Michael J.; McBride, James R.; Rosenthal, Sandra J.
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 127, Issue 44
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja055470d

    A consistent and accurate ab initio parametrization of density functional dispersion correction (DFT-D) for the 94 elements H-Pu
    journal, April 2010

    • Grimme, Stefan; Antony, Jens; Ehrlich, Stephan
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 132, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3382344

    A Semiconductor Bulk Material That Emits Direct White Light
    journal, July 2008

    • Ki, Wooseok; Li, Jing
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja801601y

    Photophysical studies in solution of the tetranuclear copper(I) clusters Cu4I4L4 (L = pyridine or substituted pyridine)
    journal, April 1991

    • Kyle, Kevin R.; Ryu, Chong Kul; Ford, Peter C.
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 113, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja00008a026

    Synthesis, crystal, luminescent properties and electronic structures of two copper(I) halide polymers based on Cu4I4 cubane tetramers
    journal, February 2010


    Systematic Approach in Designing Rare-Earth-Free Hybrid Semiconductor Phosphors for General Lighting Applications
    journal, August 2014

    • Zhang, Xiao; Liu, Wei; Wei, George Z.
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 40
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja507927a

    (Ca,Mg,Sr)9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: Phosphors for white-light near-UV LEDs through crystal field tuning and energy transfer
    journal, January 2011

    • Huang, Chien-Hao; Wu, Pin-Jiun; Lee, Jyh-Fu
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, Issue 28
    • DOI: 10.1039/c1jm11018g

    Copper(I) halides: A versatile family in coordination chemistry and crystal engineering
    journal, January 2010


    A Codeposition Route to CuI−Pyridine Coordination Complexes for Organic Light-Emitting Diodes
    journal, March 2011

    • Liu, Zhiwei; Qayyum, Munzarin F.; Wu, Chao
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja1065653

    Narrow-band red-emitting Sr[LiAl3N4]:Eu2+ as a next-generation LED-phosphor material
    journal, June 2014

    • Pust, Philipp; Weiler, Volker; Hecht, Cora
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4012

    Highly efficient and very robust blue-excitable yellow phosphors built on multiple-stranded one-dimensional inorganic–organic hybrid chains
    journal, January 2019

    • Fang, Yang; Sojdak, Christopher A.; Dey, Gangotri
    • Chemical Science, Vol. 10, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9sc00970a

    Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties
    journal, December 2010

    • Ye, S.; Xiao, F.; Pan, Y. X.
    • Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports, Vol. 71, Issue 1, p. 1-34
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.mser.2010.07.001

    Electronic Population Analysis on LCAO–MO Molecular Wave Functions. I
    journal, October 1955

    • Mulliken, R. S.
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 23, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1740588

    Solution Processable MOF Yellow Phosphor with Exceptionally High Quantum Efficiency
    journal, November 2014

    • Gong, Qihan; Hu, Zhichao; Deibert, Benjamin J.
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 48
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja509446h

    Self-Assembly of Broadband White-Light Emitters
    journal, January 2014

    • Dohner, Emma R.; Hoke, Eric T.; Karunadasa, Hemamala I.
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja411045r

    Phosphorescence versus Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence. Controlling Singlet–Triplet Splitting in Brightly Emitting and Sublimable Cu(I) Compounds
    journal, October 2014

    • Leitl, Markus J.; Krylova, Valentina A.; Djurovich, Peter I.
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 45
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja508155x

    Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor
    journal, April 2004

    • Kim, J. S.; Jeon, P. E.; Choi, J. C.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 84, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1695441

    Stabilization of (CuX) n Clusters (X = Cl, Br, I; n = 2, 4, 5, 6, 8) in Mono- and Dithioether-Containing Layered Coordination Polymers
    journal, January 2015


    Luminescent Coordination Polymers Built Upon Cu4X4 (X=Br,I) Clusters and Mono- and Dithioethers
    journal, May 2010

    • Harvey, Pierre D.; Knorr, Michael
    • Macromolecular Rapid Communications, Vol. 31, Issue 9-10
    • DOI: 10.1002/marc.200900893

    Phosphorescence quantum yield enhanced by intermolecular hydrogen bonds in Cu4I4 clusters in the solid state
    journal, January 2014

    • Mazzeo, Paolo P.; Maini, Lucia; Petrolati, Alex
    • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 43, Issue 25
    • DOI: 10.1039/c4dt00218k

    Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Materials as Semiconducting Channels in Thin-Film Field-Effect Transistors
    journal, October 1999


    Photonic functional metal–organic frameworks
    journal, January 2018

    • Cui, Yuanjing; Zhang, Jun; He, Huajun
    • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 47, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7cs00879a

    Photonic functional metal–organic frameworks
    journal, January 2018

    • Cui, Yuanjing; Zhang, Jun; He, Huajun
    • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 47, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7cs00879a

    Organic cation directed one-dimensional cuprous halide compounds: syntheses, crystal structures and photoluminescence properties
    journal, January 2019

    • Yue, Cheng-Yang; Lin, Na; Gao, Lu
    • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 48, Issue 27
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9dt01460h

    Highly efficient and very robust blue-excitable yellow phosphors built on multiple-stranded one-dimensional inorganic–organic hybrid chains
    journal, January 2019

    • Fang, Yang; Sojdak, Christopher A.; Dey, Gangotri
    • Chemical Science, Vol. 10, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9sc00970a

    From a blue to white to yellow emitter: a hexanuclear copper iodide nanocluster
    journal, January 2020

    • Xu, Ke; Chen, Bu-Lin; Zhang, Rui
    • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 49, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9dt04701h